Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Society & CultureReligion & Spirituality · 1 decade ago

What is the primary function of the Catholic religious order known as the Jesuits, or the Society of Jesus?

I have spent hours trying to figure it out.

I would really appreciate it. =]

7 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Jesuits work in parishes, administer the sacraments, do counseling and spiritual direction. Some are engaged in the social apostolate, the retreat apostolate, and in mass media. Some Jesuits are medical doctors, psychiatrists, lawyers, musicians, artists. Some are meteorologists, geophysicists, mathematicians, sociologists, and historians. Some go on foreign missions. Many are educators, among them philosophers and theologians. The only norm for the type of apostolate of a Jesuit is service to God and his people, in accord with the will of his superiors and the corporate thrust of the society which is “the promotion of justice in the service of faith.”

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    JESUITS - The Society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyola and approved by Pope Paul III in 1540. As conceived by the founder, it had a twofold aim: to strengthen and where necessary to restore the Catholic faith in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, and to preach the Gospel in non-Christian lands. Typical of the first purpose was the establishment of colleges throughout Europe, and the second purpose was the development of worldwide mission enterprises in Asia, Africa, and the newly developed Americas. The Society of Jesus grew out of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius, and its structure and discipline were embodied in the detailed Constitutions, also written by the founder. Opposition from many quarters, but especially from the Jansenists, led to suppression of the Jesuits by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. They were restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814. Since their restoration, they grew in numbers to become the largest single religious institute in the Catholic world through their universities, colleges, and secondary schools, through scholarly publications, retreat houses, and seminaries. The Society of Jesus is divided into assistancies, these in turn into provinces, and within the provinces are local communities. The superior general is elected for life; he appoints provincials and also the rectors of the more important local communities. There are three kinds of finally professed members in the society: the solemnly professed and the spiritual coadjutors who are priests, and the lay brothers who are spiritual coadjutors. The solemnly professed take solemn vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience and four simple vows: special obedience to the Pope, not to mitigate the society's poverty, not to accept ecclesiastical dignitaries, actively seeking to avoid such preferments. The others take simple vows only. But all the finally professed make a total renunciation of private ownership.

  • Daver
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    JESUITS

    The Society of Jesus, founded by St. Ignatius Loyola and approved by Pope Paul III in 1540. As conceived by the founder, it had a twofold aim: to strengthen and where necessary to restore the Catholic faith in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, and to preach the Gospel in non-Christian lands. Typical of the first purpose was the establishment of colleges throughout Europe, and the second purpose was the development of worldwide mission enterprises in Asia, Africa, and the newly developed Americas.

    The Society of Jesus grew out of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius, and its structure and discipline were embodied in the detailed Constitutions, also written by the founder.

    Opposition from many quarters, but especially from the Jansenists, led to suppression of the Jesuits by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. They were restored by Pope Pius VII in 1814. Since their restoration, they grew in numbers to become the largest single religious institute in the Catholic world through their universities, colleges, and secondary schools, through scholarly publications, retreat houses, and seminaries.

    The Society of Jesus is divided into assistancies, these in turn into provinces, and within the provinces are local communities. The superior general is elected for life; he appoints provincials and also the rectors of the more important local communities.

    There are three kinds of finally professed members in the society: the solemnly professed and the spiritual coadjutors who are priests, and the lay brothers who are spiritual coadjutors. The solemnly professed take solemn vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience and four simple vows: special obedience to the Pope, not to mitigate the society's poverty, not to accept ecclesiastical dignitaries, actively seeking to avoid such preferments. The others take simple vows only. But all the finally professed make a total renunciation of private ownership.

    Source(s): www.catholicreference.net
  • 1 decade ago

    to promote the orthodox R Catholic Faith through pastoral ministry and missionary work and prayer and education and spiritual direction

    They are supposed to lead the Church in loyalty to Catholic doctine and support of the Pope.

    I guess that they have strayed a good bit from their founder's intentions with all the moral and doctrinal dissent and "de-catholicization' of Jesuit institutions

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  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    The Society of Jesus was founded by St. Ignatius Loyola and approved by Pope Innocent III in 1540. They were created as a companionship in service to Jesus through obedience to God as directed by the Pope through the Church. They were originally used for missionary work and founded Jesuit houses, schools, colleges, and seminaries throughout Europe. The goals of their order, as set forth by Ignatius, were Reform of the Church through education and use of the sacraments, extended missionary work, and the fight against heresy.

  • 1 decade ago

    Their primary mission is as teachers. Specifically as University professors.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    they are the "mafia hit men" of catholicism

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