Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Question: Mayflower Compact!?

Okay dokey so, what are the

Legal Componets

Authorship

Govermental Procees Development.....

all about the mayflower compact!?

Any ideas do tell(:

Thank you!

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  • 1 decade ago
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    SIGNERS:

    John Carver Edward Tilley Degory Priest

    William Bradford John Tilley Thomas Williams

    Edward Winslow Francis Cooke Gilbert Winslow

    William Brewster Thomas Rogers Edmund Margesson

    Isaac Allerton Thomas Tinker Peter Brown

    Myles Standish John Rigsdale Richard Britteridge

    John Alden Edward Fuller George Soule

    Samuel Fuller John Turner Richard Clarke

    Christopher Martin Francis Eaton Richard Gardinar

    William Mullins James Chilton John Allerton

    William White John Crackstone Thomas English

    Richard Warren John Billington Edward Doty

    John Howland Moses Fletcher Edward Leister

    Stephen Hopkins John Goodman

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    History behind the Mayflower Compact

    The Mayflower Compact was signed on 11 November 1620 on board the Mayflower, which was at anchor in Provincetown Harbor. The document was drawn up in response to "mutinous speeches" that had come about because the Pilgrims had intended to settle in Northern Virginia, but the decision was made after arrival to instead settle in New England. Since there was no government in place, some felt they had no legal obligation to remain within the colony and supply their labor. The Mayflower Compact attempted to temporarily establish that government until a more official one could be drawn up in England that would give them the right to self-govern themselves in New England.

    In a way, this was the first American Constitution, though the Compact in practical terms had little influence on subsequent American documents. John Quincy Adams, a descendant of Mayflower passenger John Alden, does call the Mayflower Compact the foundation of the U.S. Constitution in a speech given in 1802, but this was in principle more than in substance. In reality, the Mayflower Compact was superseded in authority by the 1621 Peirce Patent, which not only gave the Pilgrims the right to self-government at Plymouth, but had the significant advantage of being authorized by the King of England.

    The Mayflower Compact was first published in 1622. William Bradford wrote a copy of the Mayflower Compact down in his History Of Plymouth Plantation which he wrote from 1630-1654, and that is the version given above. Neither version gave the names of the signers. Nathaniel Morton in his New England's Memorial, published in 1669, was the first to record and publish the names of the signers, and Thomas Prince in his Chronological History of New England in the form of Annals (1736) recorded the signers names as well, as did Thomas Hutchinson in 1767. It is unknown whether the later two authors had access to the original document, or whether they were simply copying Nathaniel Morton's list of signers.

    The original Mayflower Compact has never been found, and is assumed destroyed. Thomas Prince may have had access to the original in 1736, and possibly Thomas Hutchinson did in 1767. If it indeed survived, it was likely a victim of Revolutionary War looting, along with other such Pilgrim valuables as Bradford's now lost Register of Births and Deaths, his partially recovered Letterbook, and his entirely recovered History Of Plymouth Plantation.

    The term "Mayflower Compact" was not assigned to this document until 1793, when for the first time it is called the Compact in Alden Bradford's A Topographical Description of Duxborough, in the County of Plymouth. Previously it had been called "an association and agreement" (William Bradford), "combination" (Plymouth Colony Records), "solemn contract" (Thomas Prince, 1738), and "the covenant" (Rev. Charles Turner, 1774).

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