asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

shrink和decrease的差別

When his influence began to shrink, his wealth also decreased

請問上面這句 其中的shrink.decrease可以對換嗎?

兩個字的用法要怎麼區分呢?

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3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    When his influence began to shrink, his wealth also decreased

    當他的影響力開始式微時, 他的財富也就減少了.

    shink與decrease在本句都是負面語意用字, 互換也是可以的(注意時態):

    When his influence began to decrease, his wealth also shrank.

    當他的影響力開始降低時, 他的財富也就縮水了.

    兩個字的用法要怎麼區分呢?

    兩個字都是負面語意, 雖各有使用場合, 但只要與其主詞語意上能夠搭配即可.

    2008-10-13 16:38:25 補充:

    influence與wealth都是抽象名詞, 這是本句的兩個動詞可以互換的最主要原因, 重點只在於主詞與動詞在語意上可以搭配.

    樓下幾位大大們的解釋都沒有錯, 但用在本句反而顯得複雜化了.

    Source(s): 自己的翻譯經驗; 文法
  • 1 decade ago

    shrink可以指縮小縮水等

    比較適用於形態上的變化

    把它想成是小叮噹的"縮小燈"

    decrease為最常用的單字,減少縮小

    比較適用於量的變化,也可用於形態上的變化

    上面influence是影響力,為不可數的意識形態名詞

    而財富為可以計算出來的

    這句話二個對換也是可以的

    When his influence began to shrink, his wealth also decreased

    當他的影響力開始縮減時,他的財富也跟著減少

    When his influence began to decrease, his wealth also shrank

    當他的影響力開始減少時,他的財富也跟著縮水

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    Shrink是指收縮, Decreased是指減少

    衣服可以Shrink不會Decreased

    Decreased 偏向是實質上的減少

    Shrink偏向可擴張性事物的收縮

    his influence began to shrink

    他的影響力減少但是他的本質並沒有改變

    有的財富是Decreased因為財富本質改變了(現金流失)

    有的財富是Shrink房地產本質不變但是貶值了

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