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諄麟 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago


  The capabilities of a firm, or any organization, lie primarily in

the organizing principles by which individual and functional

expertise is structured, coordinated, and communicated.

  Firms are social communities which use their relational structure

and shared coding schemes to enhance the transfer and

communication of new skills and capabilities. To replicate

new knowledge in the absence of a social community is

difficult. A classic demonstration is the well-studied problem

of the transfer across country borders of manufacturing capabilities

that support production of new product innovations.

  We show in this article that the degree of codification and

how easily capabilities are taught has a significant influence

on the speed of transfer.  What makes the question of knowledge

codification particularly interesting is that firms compete

not only through the creation, replication, and transfer

of their own knowledge, but also through their ability to

imitate the product innovations of competitors. The capacity

to speed the internal transfer of a production capability to

new markets (e.g., those in other countries) is, consequently,

of fundamental significance in a competitive environment. In

the attempt to speed the internal transfer of knowledge, the

dilemma arises that capabilities which can be easily communicated

within the firm are more likely to be easily imitated

by competitors.

  This relationship is tested by analyzing the effects of the

ease of codifying and communicating a manufacturing capability

not only on the time to its transfer, but also on the time

to imitation of the new product. 'The determinants of the

time to imitation are found to be the extent to which knowledge

of the manufacturing processes is "common" among

competitors, and the degree of continuous recombination of

capabilities leading to improvement of the product or the

manufacturing process. We support this interpretation by a

discussion of the results from field research.


1 Answer

  • 韋如
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer


    企業是使用他們的關係結構和共有的编碼方案提高調動和的社會社區新的技能和能力的通信。 要複製新知識在沒有一個社會社區時是困難。


    我們在這篇文章表示,程度編纂法典,並且多麼能力容易地被教有對調動的速度的重大影響。 什麼做問題知識特别有趣的編纂法典是企業不僅通过他們自己的知識創作、複製和調動競爭,而且通過他們的能力仿效競爭者的產品創新。




    定列式 发现對模仿的時間制造過程知識是"的程度; common" 在競爭者和程度導致產品或制造過程的改善的能力的連續的再結合之中。


    Source(s): 網路翻譯
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