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諄麟 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

{商業英文},急急急

  The capabilities of a firm, or any organization, lie primarily in

the organizing principles by which individual and functional

expertise is structured, coordinated, and communicated.

  Firms are social communities which use their relational structure

and shared coding schemes to enhance the transfer and

communication of new skills and capabilities. To replicate

new knowledge in the absence of a social community is

difficult. A classic demonstration is the well-studied problem

of the transfer across country borders of manufacturing capabilities

that support production of new product innovations.

  We show in this article that the degree of codification and

how easily capabilities are taught has a significant influence

on the speed of transfer.  What makes the question of knowledge

codification particularly interesting is that firms compete

not only through the creation, replication, and transfer

of their own knowledge, but also through their ability to

imitate the product innovations of competitors. The capacity

to speed the internal transfer of a production capability to

new markets (e.g., those in other countries) is, consequently,

of fundamental significance in a competitive environment. In

the attempt to speed the internal transfer of knowledge, the

dilemma arises that capabilities which can be easily communicated

within the firm are more likely to be easily imitated

by competitors.

  This relationship is tested by analyzing the effects of the

ease of codifying and communicating a manufacturing capability

not only on the time to its transfer, but also on the time

to imitation of the new product. 'The determinants of the

time to imitation are found to be the extent to which knowledge

of the manufacturing processes is "common" among

competitors, and the degree of continuous recombination of

capabilities leading to improvement of the product or the

manufacturing process. We support this interpretation by a

discussion of the results from field research.

  

1 Answer

Rating
  • 韋如
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    企業的能力,或者所有組織,主要在單獨和功能專門技術構造,協調,並且傳達的組織的原則在。

    企業是使用他們的關係結構和共有的编碼方案提高調動和的社會社區新的技能和能力的通信。 要複製新知識在沒有一個社會社區時是困難。

    一次經典示範是well-studied問題橫跨的製造業能力國家邊界的調動支持新產品創新的生產。

    我們在這篇文章表示,程度編纂法典,並且多麼能力容易地被教有對調動的速度的重大影響。 什麼做問題知識特别有趣的編纂法典是企業不僅通过他們自己的知識創作、複製和調動競爭,而且通過他們的能力仿效競爭者的產品創新。

    容量要加速生產能力的内部转让到新市场(即,那些在其他國家)是,因而,根本意義在一個競爭環境裡。

    在嘗試加速知識内部转让,困境出现可以在企業内容易地被传达的能力是可能容易地被仿效由競爭者。

    這個關係通過分析舒適的作用編譔和傳達製造業能力測試不僅對時間對它的調動,而且對時間到新產品的模仿。

    定列式 发现對模仿的時間制造過程知識是"的程度; common" 在競爭者和程度導致產品或制造過程的改善的能力的連續的再結合之中。

    我們支持這個解釋關於從實際績學的結果的討論。

    Source(s): 網路翻譯
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