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The Constitutional Convention?
Who was involved
What/Why did it happen
When did it happen
Where did it happen
How was it important to the Revolutionary War and the foundations of American gov't
- wowincaLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Philadelphia Convention (now also known as the Constitutional Convention, the Federal Convention, or the "Grand Convention at Philadelphia") took place from May 25 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to address problems in governing the United States of America, which had been operating under the Articles of Confederation following independence from Great Britain.
The purpose was to create a government that would govern the new nation after the Revolutionary War.
Although the Convention was purportedly intended only to revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was from the outset to create a new government rather than "fix" the existing one. The delegates elected George Washington to preside over the convention. The result of the Convention was the United States Constitution. The Convention is one of the central events in the history of the United States.
Before the Constitution was drafted, the thirteen colonies operated under the Articles of Confederation, created by the Second Continental Congress which eventually caused deep divides between the states that the national government could not resolve. On January 21, 1786, the Virginia Legislature, following James Madison's recommendation, invited all the states to discuss ways to reduce interstate conflicts in Annapolis, Maryland. At what came to be known as the Annapolis Convention, the few state delegates in attendance endorsed a motion that called for all states to meet in Philadelphia in May, 1787 to discuss ways to improve the Articles of Confederation in a "Grand Convention."
Fifty-five delegates from the 13 colonies (except Rhode Island who did not send any delegates) attended the Constitutional Convention, 39 signed the Constitutional. This included:
Gunning Bedford, Jr.
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
William Samuel Johnson
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
Richard Dobbs Spaight
George Washington (president of the Convention)
William Jackson (Secretary)
Delegates who had left the Convention earlier and did not sign
William Richardson Davie
John Lansing, Jr.
John Francis Mercer