Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago


I am studying the HK history. I don't understand the structure of the past councils. What is the difference between 'official members', 'unofficial members', 'ex-officio members'???

(Please explain it as simple as possible!)

1 Answer

  • 1 decade ago
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    1)official adj. 官方的,正式的

    Of or relating to an office or a post of authority: official duties.

    Authorized by a proper authority; authoritative: official permission.

    Holding office or serving in a public capacity: an official representative.

    Characteristic of or befitting a person of authority; formal: an official banquet.

    Authorized by or contained in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia or National Formulary. Used of drugs.

    official members=官方代表or官員

    2)unofficialadj. 非官方的,非正式的

     1.Not official: the unofficial election results.

     2.Not acting officially: an unofficial adviser.

    unofficial members=非官方代表or非官員

    3)ex-officio ( a Latin phrases) =ex-official

    For English explain is →an ex-officio member of a committee or an organization is a member because the job they have allows themto be involved.當然的

    ex-officio members=當然議員(是經過選舉產生的)

    An ex-officio member was a member of a colonial legislative council or an executive council. They were civil servants who served in a colonial government, appointed to sit in a council or both councils alongside with unofficial members. Ex-officio members were also appointed to unelected or partially-elected municipal councils and district councils.

    Currently the Executive Council of Hong Kong is still composed of ex-officio members (official members since 1997) and unofficial members (non-official members since 1997). By practice the ex-officio members include the secretaries of departments, i.e. the Chief Secretary, the Financial Secretary and the Secretary for Justice. Since 2002 all secretaries of bureaux are also appointed by the Chief Executive to be official members of the Executive Council. But since 2005 the secretaries of bureaux attend only when items on the agenda concern their portfolios.

    Apart from the Executive Council ex-officio members are also appointed to advisory commissions and committees, as well as statutory boards.

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