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拜託英文高手翻譯一下

Your grammar and the words you use should be acceptable and comprehensible to native speakers. After all, you will prepare most of your speeches on your own time; you should take a time to find suitable grammatical structures to express your ideas as well as the appropriate vocabulary to talk about your topic.

Most of you will write out your speech word for word, at least at first. This is writing a composition. In fact, you are encouraged to use topics in speech class that you have used in other courses. We will not spend time on grammar in this book. When you prepare your speeches, you can check your structures with your composition or grammar books. If you’re not sure or need help-ASK YOUR TEACHER!

There is one area of grammar that we will look at occasionally-transitions. For some of the speeches you will give, such as process and comparison/contrast, there are some special transition words that you will find useful. Doubtless you have already used them in your composition classes.

Don’t ignore transition words: the listener needs them to help her understand the direction of your speech. Remember, a reader can always go back and read the paragraph or composition again, but the listener can’t usually ask you to repeat. We should be able to follow your ideas the first time without checking a tape recorder.

Transitions are like road signs: they mark direction in which you are going. Or maybe you’d like to think of them like the flashing flags on a video game. For example, when you’re explaning a process and you start the second step with “second” or “next”, that flashing flag goes off in the listener’s head NEW PART. Or if you say on the other hand” the flag goes CONTRAST(this part won’t agree with what I’ve just heard). So please make our job as listeners a little easier by putting out your flags-by using transitions.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    你的文法和所使用的字彙應該要讓講母語的人可以接受及了解。畢竟,你有很多自己的時間準備你的演講,你應該好好找出適合的文法結構來表達你的想法及適當的字彙來談論你的主題。

    你們大部分,至少在剛開始的時候,會逐字寫出你們的演講。這是在寫一個作文。事實上,我會鼓勵你們在演講課上使用你們在其他課程上所使用標題。在這本書裡,我們不會浪費時間在文法上面。當你們準備演講時,可以利用你們的文章或文法書來檢查文章結構。如果你們不確定或是需要幫助的時候,可以問老師。

    有時候我們會在這裡看到一個文法的部份─過渡。對你們會發表的一些演講,例如過程和比較/對照,有些特殊的過渡字彙對你會很有用。毫無疑問,你們在作文課已經有使用過了。

    不要忽略掉過渡字彙,聽演講的人需要這些字彙來幫助他們了解你的演講方向。記住,讀者可以再次往回看段落或文章,但是聽演講的人不能一直要你們重複內容。我們應該能夠在第一次就能不靠錄音機就瞭解你的意思。

    過渡字彙就好像路標一樣,他們標示出你的演講方向。或者你可能想要考慮讓這些字彙像電玩遊戲裡面的閃爍旗幟一樣。舉例來說,當你在解釋方法並用"第二"或"接下來"來開始第二個步驟時,新的閃爍旗幟會在聽眾的腦海開始新的一部分。或者另一方面假設你要做對照(這部份不會和我剛聽到的一致)。所以請擺出你的旗幟─也就是使用過渡字彙,來讓我們聽眾的工作變的更容易一點。

    Source(s): myself
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