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Vimy Ridge World War 1?
My question is during the battle of Vimy Ridge, there was four coulored objective lines, are these four coloured lines referring to the four divisions or are they totally Different?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
There were four OBJECTIVES as it states in the title - i.e they were what the Canadians hoped to achieve - more details below
The Canadian Corps plan of attack outlining the four coloured objective lines – Black, Red, Blue and BrownIn January 1917, a large contingent of nominated British and Dominion officers, amongst them three Canadian Corps officers, attended a series of lectures hosted by the French Army regarding their experiences during the Battle of Verdun. One of the limited allied successes of 1916 had been the French counter-offensive devised by General Robert Nivelle. Following extensive rehearsal, eight French divisions, assaulting in two waves on a 6 miles (9.7 km) front, with exceedingly strong artillery support, recovered lost ground and inflicted heavy casualties on five German divisions.
Upon their return, the Canadian Corps staff officers produced a tactical analysis of the Verdun battles and delivered a series of corps and divisional-level lectures promoting the primacy of artillery but also stressing the importance of harassing fire and company and platoon flexibility. The Canadian Corps assault plan for Vimy Ridge drew heavily on the experiences and tactical analysis of the officers who had attended the Verdun lectures. First Army commander General Henry Horne approved the plan on 5 March 1917.
The plan divided the Canadian Corps advance into four coloured objective lines. The attack would be made on a front of 7,000 yards (6,400 m), the centre being opposite the village of Vimy, which lay on the east side of the ridge. The Black Line, the first objective, involved the seizure of the German forward defense line. The final objective of the northern flank was the Red Line which involved the taking of the highest point on the ridge, the fortified knoll known as the Pimple, the Folie Farm, the Zwischen-Stellung trench and the hamlet of Les Tilleuls. Two additional objectives were planned on the southern flank: the Blue Line encompassing the town of Thélus and the woods outside the town of Vimy, and the Brown Line, which involved the capture of the Zwölfer-Graben trench and the German second line. The infantry would proceed close behind a creeping barrage placed down by light field guns, advancing in timed 100-yard (91 m) increments. The medium and heavy howitzers would establish a series of standing barrages further ahead of the infantry against known defensive systems.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vimy_Ridge
- blockLv 44 years ago
From the ninth to twelfth April 1917 - worldwide conflict I The conflict of Vimy Ridge became right into a protection stress engagement fought as component to the conflict of Arras, interior the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, for the period of the 1st worldwide conflict. the biggest fighters have been the Canadian Corps against 3 divisions of the German 6th military. The conflict, which got here approximately from 9 April to twelve April 1917, became into component to the outlet component to the British-led conflict of Arras, a diversionary attack for the French Nivelle Offensive. the objective of the Canadian Corps became into to take administration of the German-held intense floor alongside an escarpment on the northernmost end of the Arras Offensive. this could be certain that the southern flank might desire to strengthen with out suffering German enfilade hearth. Supported by applying a creeping barrage, the Canadian Corps captured countless the ridge for the period of the 1st day of the attack. the city of Thélus fell for the period of the 2d day of the attack, as did the crest of the ridge as quickly as the Canadian Corps overcame a salient of important German resistance. the perfect objective, a fortified knoll placed outdoors the city of Givenchy-en-Gohelle, fell to the Canadian Corps on 12 April. The German forces then retreated to the Oppy–Méricourt line. Historians characteristic the fulfillment of the Canadian Corps in taking pictures the ridge to a mixture of technical and tactical innovation, meticulous making plans, powerful artillery help, and extensive training, besides because of fact the failure of the German 6th military to suitable prepare the German shielding doctrine. The conflict became into the 1st party whilst all 4 divisions of the Canadian Expeditionary stress participated in a conflict mutually, and subsequently grew to grow to be a Canadian nationalistic image of fulfillment and sacrifice. A 250-acre (a hundred ha) element of the former battleground now serves as a preserved memorial park and web site of the Canadian national Vimy Memorial.