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GREAT
Lv 7
GREAT asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

四題英文問題,請達人賜教

下有四句測驗問題,煩請達人回答並解釋理由,謝謝!

(一) ______ is his habit , he takes a nap after lunch.

1. It 2. Thus 3. As 4. What

(二) It is such a golden opportunity _____ you should not miss .

1. as 2. that

(三) You will not tell him so, and I don’t think he will come here , ______?

1.won’t you 2. don’t I 3.won’t he 4.will he

(四) 在有not A but B 的句子中,動詞單複數是看 A還是B?能否舉例句?

Update:

請教Kevin:

(二)此句型可解讀為such… as 接不完整子句,such… that接完整子句嗎?

(三) I didn't know you were married, did I? 這句話的附加問句中文要如何翻譯?

如果句子是 You don’t know where he is,_____? →(do you ? )

或是此句 What is time?No one can say exactly what it is,_____?

以上的附加問句該如何寫?

Update 2:

請教Kevin:

(四)在有「not A but B」 的句子中,和「A or B」 或「Neither A nor B」一樣,句子的動詞都是和最近的主詞一致?

4 Answers

Rating
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    ______ is his habit , he takes a nap after lunch.

    1. It 2. Thus 3. As 4. What

    按照(他的)習慣, 他在午餐後小睡片刻.

    [as is his habit]在此是一個由連接詞[as]引導的副詞子句, 可以看成(但是不能寫成)[as it is his habit], 其中主詞[it]都是省去的.

    也可以這麼寫:

    He takes a nap after lunch, as is his habit.

    http://209.85.175.104/search?q=cache:AWPyzpazKBIJ:...

    *選[It], 前後兩句缺乏連接詞. X

    *選[Thus], 前半句無主詞, 且沒有這種用法. X

    *選[What], 前半句成為一個名詞子句, 整句結構錯亂. 除非這樣寫:

    What is his habit(S) is(V) taking a nap after lunch(SC).

    It is such a golden opportunity _____ you should not miss .

    1. as 2. that

    這是一個你不應錯失的絕佳機會.

    本題考的是特殊狀態的關係代名詞(引導形容詞子句). 先行詞有類似[such]/[so]等修飾語時, 關係代名詞用[as]而不用[that]/[which]/[who].

    如果用[that], 則原句必須改寫:

    It is such a golden opportunity that you should not miss it.

    這(是)一個(如此)絕佳的機會, (以至於)你不應錯失(它).

    這裡的[that]引導一個副詞子句.

    You will not tell him so, and I don’t think he will come here , ______?

    1.won’t you 2. don’t I 3.won’t he 4.will he

    本題的重點:

    1. 附加問句的主人是最靠近它的句子, 其他的部分不用理會. 所以只要看:

    I don’t think he will come here, ______?

    2. 附加問句的寫法要考慮主句的真正語意.

    本句的意思是: 我想他不會來, ...? 即使用中文想, 也是用"是嗎/會嗎".

    所以答案是[will he]. 句中的[I think]只是表達個人意見, 主體在後半. 只要記得把否定的語意加到後面去就行了.

    但是以下這句就不同:

    I didn't know you were married, did I?

    主題是"我不知道...", [you were married]只是一個受詞.

    [not…but…]“不是……而是……”。这這是一個連接詞组,當其連接两個主詞時,句子的動詞形式根据"就近原则"來定。如:

    Not you but he is wrong. 不是你,而是他错了。

    http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:3tY6-_-BLQYJ:w...

    2008-10-05 09:12:48 補充:

    (二)此句型可解讀為such… as 接不完整子句,such… that接完整子句嗎?

    我自己很不喜歡背公式, 總是希望有道理可以解釋. 老實說, 您提的這個講法, 我從未想過, 因為這種學習方式是死板的. 如果按照上述的解說, 似乎成立. 但是用理解的方式, 馬上可以想到有以下的句子:

    2008-10-05 09:12:55 補充:

    How dare Admetus find fault, when he is such a coward as [to let his wife die in his place].

    http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:UgK-qBWbGyIJ:c...

    ([such...as]接的是不定詞片語, 而非子句)

    2008-10-05 09:13:28 補充:

    It is such a book that should and has been passed down from generation to generation, beloved by many, and I, for one, will continue the tradition.

    (這裡的[such]之後, [that]並不是接完整子句, 但是也不能用[as]. 因為這是強調句, 而不是一般的形容詞子句)

    2008-10-05 09:13:34 補充:

    http://72.14.235.104/search?q=cache:kqu6HE8cjjUJ:w...

    2008-10-05 09:13:50 補充:

    I didn't know you were married, did I? 這句話的附加問句中文要如何翻譯?

    當時我並不知道你已經結婚了, (我)是(知道的)嗎?

    You don’t know where he is, do you?

    What is time? No one can say exactly what it is, can't they?

    (不定的泛稱, 代名詞用[they])

    2008-10-05 09:14:11 補充:

    「A or B」 或「Neither A nor B」一樣,句子的動詞都是和最近的主詞一致?

    是的. 我是這麼想的: 把主角找出來. 如果有好幾個主角, 或沒有主角, 那當然是"近水樓台先得利".

    [not A but B]: 主角是B

    [A or B]: A或B都可以當主角

    [Neither A nor B]: 沒有主角

    舉一個對比的例子:

    You as well as he are wrong. 和他一樣,你也錯了. (主角是you)

    2008-10-05 19:38:30 補充:

    訂正:

    除非這樣寫:

    What his habit is(S) is(V) taking a nap after lunch(SC).

    很累贅的寫法.

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  • Elisa
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    For question #2, I thought that both “as” and “that” are right.

    I have the same trouble as you had.

    =I have the same trouble that you had.

    I have such a nightmare that I cannot sleep.

    = I have such a nightmare as I cannot sleep.

    2008-10-07 04:35:59 補充:

    It is such a golden opportunity that you should not miss.

    "that" is the pronoun indicating "a golden opportunity".

    as (pronoun, used relatively) = that; who; which (usually prec. by such or the same)

    See http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/as

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  • 1 decade ago

    (一) ______ is his habit , he takes a nap after lunch.

    你第二個選項好像打錯了喔?!應該是THIS吧?!

    (二) It is such a golden opportunity _____ you should not miss .

    1. that

    (三) You will not tell him so, and I don’t think he will come here , ______?

    1.won’t you

    四) 在有not A but B 的句子中,動詞單複數是看 A還是B?能否舉例句?

    動詞單複數,應該是看兩邊主詞的部份

    not A but B = 不是 A 而是 B

    He is not a teacher but a student.

    他不是老師而是學生

    Source(s): 知識+我
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  • 1 decade ago

    (一) ______ is his habit , he takes a nap after lunch.

    1. It 2. Thus 3. As 4. What

    答案是 1

    (二) It is such a golden opportunity _____ you should not miss .

    1. as 2. that

    答案是 2

    四題英文問題,請達人賜教

    下有四句測驗問題,煩請達人回答並解釋理由,謝謝!

    (一) ______ is his habit , he takes a nap after lunch.

    1. It 2. Thus 3. As 4. What

    (二) It is such a golden opportunity _____ you should not miss .

    1. as 2. that

    (三) You will not tell him so, and I don’t think he will come here , ______?

    1.won’t you 2. don’t I 3.won’t he 4.will he

    答案是2

    第四題你問的很怪 不太了

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