What chemicals are bad for the enviorment!? EASY 10!!?
What kind of Household cleaners/chemicals are bad for the enviorment and y are they bad?! i don't want the scientic name, just stuff like bleach or ammonia.......!!!!!!!!!!
I NEED ALOT SO IF ANYONE CAN HELP ME IT IS MUCH APPRICIATED!!!!!!
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Chemicals in the environment
Governments, intergovernmental bodies and community members have been increasingly aware of the presence in the environment of industrial chemicals. Some of these chemicals are unwanted by-products of industrial activity, while others have beneficial uses. Most concern is related to their persistence and their possible toxicity.
Substantial compilations of monitoring data are available for Europe and North America, but comparatively few data are available for Australia. Persistent organic pollutants like dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants and a range of potential endocrine disruptors are fat-soluble and can spread widely in the environment and be concentrated at the top of the food chain, including humans. Inorganic pollutants like lead, arsenic and mercury – despite biomethylation of the latter – tend to have more local impacts.
Australia's National Dioxin Program reported in 2004 on concentrations of dioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs derived from limited sampling of agricultural commodities, human blood and breast milk, soils, sediments, air and fauna. The levels were generally low by international standards. The environmental risk assessment was hampered by lack of toxicological data for Australian animals, but concluded that only marine mammals living near industrial areas and some raptors were at risk.
Most human exposure to dioxin-like compounds is through the diet, with foods of animal origin such as meat, dairy products and fish being the main sources. For Australians aged 2 years or older, the estimated monthly intake of dioxins is 15.6 picograms TEQ/kg body weight/month, which is at the low end of the scale of levels reported internationally. The mean blood serum concentration across the population was 10.9 nanograms TEQ/kg of lipid (range: 4.6-28 ng TEQ/kg of lipid). In milk of Australian nursing mothers, collected over late 2001 to 2003, the mean concentration was 9.0 nanograms/kg of lipid. The levels were similar across all regions of Australia but low by international standards.
PCBs have been detected in biosolids and in the fat of fish and marine mammals as a result of leakage of these substances from electrical equipment.
In 2005, the National Measurement Institute reported preliminary studies of the concentrations of the polybromodiphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants that are widely used in office and household products (e.g computers, carpet, furniture fabrics and mattresses) . For the small numbers of samples examined, the sums of a range of PBDE isomers (nanogram/gram) were: human breast milk, 12; Atlantic salmon, 30-34; cetaceans, 4-51; raptors, 0.4-221; biosolids from sewage treatment, 440-1325. These figures are comparable to those found in other industrial countries but far below the worst international examples. In the case of biosolids, it was observed that one of the least toxic members of this group, decabromodiphenyl ether, constituted over 50% of the total PBDE.
The presence of persistent organic pollutants such as aldrin, dieldrin, and DDT can still be detected at contaminated sites, in sewage biosolids, and in the fat of fish and marine mammals even though the use of these chemicals was phased-out over a decade ago. A major stockpile of hexachlorobenzene remains at Botany, NSW, and there is significant contamination of groundwater in the area from other chemicals. There are also legacy issues with persistent organic pollutants at Sydney's Homebush Bay, where remediation is progressing.
The discharge of metals to the environment has also left legacy issues. Where land is to be reused, remediation is required under state and territory legislation and large quantities of contaminated soil have been removed to secure landfills. In rural areas of New South Wales and Queensland, a large number of cattle dip sites contaminated with arsenic and slowly-degrading DDT are under management.
Where marine sediments are concerned, typically close to industry sites in major coastal cities, they are normally identified but left undisturbed lest attempts at their removal result in significant dispersal into the environment. Likely reduced biodiversity or other impacts on marine fauna in such areas are accepted as the lesser evil. Probably the most notable example is the Derwent estuary near Hobart, where lead and zinc from smelting operations and mercury from electrolytic production of chlorine contaminate the sediments. The discovery in 2006 that biota in Sydney Harbour contained significant levels of dioxins, and that people consuming much seafood were thereby affected, emphasises the need for careful monitoring around hotspots. At a number of inland sites, mercury contamination from former gold mining operations can be detected in local streams and, courtesy of biomethylation, in their biota.
Some issues fester for many years before enough evidence is at hand to see them qualify as serious
- razorraulLv 61 decade ago
BY DEFINITION CONTAMINATION IS PUTTING SOMETHING THAT WAS NOT THERE BEFORE. SO ALL CHEMICALS ARE CONTAMINANTS
HOWEVER THERE ARE SOME THAT WILL NOT LEAVE AND POISON THE EARTH.IT COULD BE THE AIR THE WATER OR SOIL. THESE ARE MERCURY FOUND IN RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES.
ACETYLENE GLYCOL ANTIFREEZE, AND MOST OILS OR FUELS DERIVED FROM PETROLEUM. SOME SOLIDS IN THE GARBAGE CAN MIX AND CONTAMINATE PRETTY BAD TOO.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Most air fresheners interfere with your ability to smell by coating your nasal passages with an oil film, or by releasing a nerve deadening agent. Known toxic chemicals found in an air freshener: Formaldehyde: Highly toxic, known carcinogen. Phenol: When phenol touches your skin it can cause it to swell, burn, peel, and break out in hives. Can cause cold sweats, convulsions, circulatory collapse, coma and even death.
It is a very volatile chemical, it is very damaging to your eyes, respiratory tract and skin.
It is a strong corrosive. It will irritate or burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. It may cause pulmonary edema or vomiting and coma if ingested. Warning: never mix bleach with ammonia it may cause fumes which can be deadly.
Carpet and Upholstery Shampoo
Most formulas are designed to over power the stain itself, they accomplish the task but not without using highly toxic substances. Some include: Perchlorethylene: Known carcinogen, damages liver, kidney and nervous system damage. Ammonium Hydroxide: Corrosive, extremely irritable to eyes, skin and respiratory passages.
Most products contain chlorine in a dry form that is highly concentrated. #1 cause of child poisonings, according to poison control centres.
Most drain cleaners contain lye, hydrochloric acid or trichloroethane. Lye: Caustic, burns skin and eyes, if ingested will damage oesophagus.and stomach. Hydrochloric acid: Corrosive, eye and skin irritant, damages kidneys, liver and digestive tract. Trichloroethane: Eye and skin irritant, nervous system depressant; damages liver and kidneys.
Petroleum Distillates: Highly flammable, can cause skin and lung cancer. Phenol: (see Air fresheners, Phenol.) Nitrobenzene: Easily absorbed through the skin, extremely toxic.
Mold and Mildew Cleaners
Chemicals contained are: Sodium hypochlorite: Corrosive, irritates or burns skin and eyes, causes fluid in the lungs which can lead to coma or death. Formaldehyde: Highly toxic, known carcinogen. Irritant to eyes, nose, throat, and skin. May cause nausea, headaches, nosebleeds, dizziness, memory loss and shortness of breath.
Sodium Hydroxide (Lye): Caustic, strong irritant, burns to both skin and eyes. Inhibits reflexes, will cause severe tissue damage if swallowed.
May contain: Triclosan: Absorption through the skin can be tied to liver damage.
Laundry Room Products
Sodium or calcium hypocrite: Highly corrosive, irritates or burns skin, eyes or respiratory tract. Linear alkylate sulfonate: Absorbed through the skin. Known liver damaging agent. Sodium Tripolyphosphate: Irritates skin and mucous membranes, causes vomiting. Easily absorbed through the skin from clothes.
Toiley Bowl Cleaners
Hydrochloric acid: Highly corrosive, irritant to both skin and eyes. Damages kidneys and liver. Hypochlorite Bleach: Corrosive, irritates or burns eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause pulmonary edema, vomiting or coma if ingested. Contact with other chemicals may cause chlorine fumes which may be fatal.