Does God Exist, or does he not exist, a philosopher, please answer?!?
ARGUMENT FOR GOD
Anselm says that:
1. God is that entity than which nothing can be greater.
2. The concept of God exists in human understanding.
3. God exists in one's mind but not in reality.
4. The concept of God's existence is understood in one's mind.
5. If God existed in reality, it would be a greater thing than God's existence in the mind.
6. The final step to God's existence is that God in reality must exist.
Aquinas' Proof for God:
1: The Argument From Motion
St. Thomas Aquinas, studying the works of the Greek philsopher Aristotle, concluded from common observation that an object that is in motion (e.g. the planets, a rolling stone) is put in motion by some other object or force. From this, Aquinas believes that ultimately there must have been an UNMOVED MOVER (GOD) who first put things in motion. Follow the agrument this way:
1) Nothing can move itself.
2) If every object in motion had a mover, then the first object in motion needed a mover.
3) This first mover is the Unmoved Mover, called God.
2: Causation Of Existence
This Way deals with the issue of existence. Aquinas concluded that common sense observation tells us that no object creates itself. In other words, some previous object had to create it. Aquinas believed that ultimately there must have been an UNCAUSED FIRST CAUSE (GOD) who began the chain of existence for all things. Follow the agrument this way:
1) There exists things that are caused (created) by other things.
2) Nothing can be the cause of itself (nothing can create itself.)
3) There can not be an endless string of objects causing other objects to exist.
4) Therefore, ther must be an uncaused first cause called God.
3: Contingent and Neccessary Objects
This Way defines two types of objects in the universe: contingent beings and necessary beings. A contingent being is an object that can not exist without a necessary being causing its existence. Aquinas believed that the existence of contingent beings would ultimately neccesitate a being which must exist for all of the contingent beings to exist. This being, called a necessary being, is what we call God. Follow the argument this way:
1) Contingent beings are caused.
2) Not every being can be contingent.
3) There must exist a being which is necessary to cause contingent beings.
4) This necessary being is God.
4: The Agrument From Degrees And Perfection
St. Thomas formulated this Way from a very interesting observation about the qualities of things. For example one may say that of two marble scultures one is more beautiful than the other. So for these two objects, one has a greater degree of beauty than the next. This is referred to as degrees or gradation of a quality. From this fact Aquinas concluded that for any given quality (e.g. goodness, beauty, knowledge) there must be an perfect standard by which all such qualities are measured. These perfections are contained in God.
5: The Agrument From Intelligent Design
The final Way that St. Thomas Aquinas speaks of has to do with the observable universe and the order of nature. Aquinas states that common sense tells us that the universe works in such a way, that one can conclude that is was designed by an intelligent designer, God. In other words, all physical laws and the order of nature and life were designed and ordered by God, the intellgent designer.
Although I cannot find the right articles on God to paste here, I guess I'll try and summarize the best I can.
ARGUMENTS AGAINST GOD (What I think are the two strongest arguments against him):
1) The chain of Infinite causation: Who created me? God did. Who created God? You don't know. If you go by the precedent that everything has a cause then why does God not have something that brought him into existence?
2) The problem of evil. IF you believe in a God, then you believe he created everything in the Universe. Therefore to create everything in the Universe, he must be greater than everything in the Universe. His powers are supernatural. He is all knowing, all powerful and all good. But if he is omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent then why does he choose not to stop the evils of our world, such as one person killing another person or genuinely good people being killed by drunk drivers? He knows about the all evil correct? He has the power to stop all evil correct? He has the infinite goodness in his heart to stop evil, correct? THEN WHY DOESN'T HE STOP IT? You can say with the killing of one person by another person might be free will given to us by God. But lets say someone gets struck by lightning in a forest and is left to die there for days on end in pure AGONY. This is the problem of gratuitous evil.
So what do you think? Rather than disagreeing with one stance and using the opposite to refute it, I would like to know how you criticize the arguments you don't agree with, what is wrong with those arguments? Many answers would be nice, but none of that blind faith BS, actually read the stuff before you answer! Thanks!