How did the two party system develope in the United States?
it seems really outdated...
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Develop doesn't have an "e" in it.
But other than that...
The country's elections originally started out with no parties at all--George Washington actually warned AGAINST political parties, saying essentially that they would divide the nation...smart man, Washington.
More on the Democratic Party:
The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. It is the oldest political party in the United States and among the oldest in the world.
The Democratic Party traces its origins to the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. Since the division of the Republican Party in the election of 1912, it has consistently positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party in economic as well as social matters. The economically left-leaning activist philosophy of Franklin D. Roosevelt, which has strongly influenced American liberalism, has shaped much of the party's economic agenda since 1932. Roosevelt's New Deal coalition usually controlled the national government until the 1970s. The civil rights movement of the 1960s has continued to inspire the party's liberal principles, despite having lost the more conservative South in the process.
In 2004, it was the largest political party, with 72 million voters (42.6% of 169 million registered) claiming affiliation. Since the 2006 midterm elections, the Democratic Party is the majority party for the 110th Congress; the party holds an outright majority in the House of Representatives and the Democratic caucus (including two independents) constitutes a majority in the United States Senate. Democrats also hold a majority of state governorships and control a plurality of state legislatures. The party's nominee for President of the United States in the upcoming 2008 election is Senator Barack Obama of Illinois.
More on the Republican Party:
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. It is often referred to as the Grand Old Party or the GOP.
Founded in 1854 by anti-slavery expansion activists and modernizers, Republican Party rose to prominence with the election of Abraham Lincoln, the first Republican president. The party presided over the American Civil War and Reconstruction and was harried by internal factions and scandals toward the end of the 19th century. Today, the Republican Party supports a conservative platform (as far as American politics are concerned), with further foundations in economic liberalism, fiscal conservatism, and social conservatism.
The current U.S. President, George W. Bush, is the 19th Republican to hold that office. Republicans currently fill a minority of seats in both the United States Senate and the House of Representatives, hold a minority of state governorships, and control a minority of state legislatures. The party's nominee for President of the United States in the upcoming 2008 election is Senator John McCain of Arizona. It is currently the second largest party with 55 million registered members, encompassing roughly one third of the electorate.
REMEMBER: Though the Republicans may claim to be the party of Abraham Lincoln, the parties basically switched views...good ol' Honest Abe would probably be a Democrat if he was alive today.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Right about GW
The original designation of the federal party was democratic-republic
It reflected how the founders saw the process of the beginning of a new government.
Jefferson was a strict federalist and wanted a strong central gov ala England-what he was familiar with-but with popular elections by the people [titles addressed in costitution-]
A group called the whigs were the first to think that the feds was unnecessary saw the republic as a confederation of states with power in the state and an unimpotant central gov
[note- the first indication for the need of a central gov was the green mountain war]
Untill 1854 the democratic -republic party had become the democratic party and is opposing party was the whigs
A Lincoln broke with the whigs -philosophical differances-and ran as a repulican.
since then no 3rd-4rth- party has garnered enough support to establish a viable party. More so because of who controls the rules of election-the 2 existing parties
- Expat MikeLv 71 decade ago
It comes from a combination of the plurality voting system (vote by district, highest vote count wins) and the set up of the federal government.
Plurality voting tends to push votes towards two central parties who are the only two who have a chance at gaining the majority. Note that doesn't mean that they are the only two parties that exist. Canada has a plurality voting system and is a two-party system. There are five parties in Parliament, but only two (the Liberals and the Conservatives) have ever held power and only they have a realistic chance of holing power any time in the future. A two-party system is just one where the two largest parties are significantly larger than the other parties.
The reason third parties are entirely excluded in American politics is that the Congress is actually underrepresentative as opposed to most countries (U.S. districts contain far more voters than those in any other democracy). The larger districts makes it difficult for third parties to get a local base large enough to take a seat. Add this in to the fixation on the presidency (since a third party can't help elect a president like it can a prime minister, the illogical but prevailing thought is that they don't matter even for Congress) and it results in a complete and unfortunate marginalisation of third parties.
- wdx2bbLv 71 decade ago
Actually, no. The number of political parties follow the rules of the system. The United States started out having several parties (see the Presidential race of 1800), but over time it was determined that the multi-party approach just didn't work well and all but two died out.
Those two parties have switched over the years -- the last switch we had was Whig to Republican around 1850 -- but the theory still holds.
In other countries, small parties can form alliances and create governmental administrations. Then they can get into a fight, and a new election has to be held. Here, with definite terms and a winner-take-all electoral college, the system leans toward two parties.
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- andyg77Lv 71 decade ago
It morphed and re-morphed. Here is an excellent web site that you can review each election, all the different parties that have come and gone.
Notice around 1820 (Monroe, for example) that the popular party was called Democrat-Republican and garnered 90+ % of the popular vote. Looks like they split to Repubs and Dems and started taking turns. Any way it is a neat web site. Also notice that the south used to vote Democrat and the North Republican. Hey, go figure
- bassdocLv 61 decade ago
America is not a 2 party system and never has been.
It's just the public is somewhat divided between the wealthy and the not wealthy and tends to vote that way (or Southern and Northern lately - all this is still Civil War politics playing itself out).
- FRAGINAL, JTMLv 71 decade ago
No other party was able to challenge the dominance of the Republicans and Democrats.
- GreyLv 61 decade ago
we have other political parties, but the parties in power pass election laws that make it nearly impossible for these parties to be heard and get on the ballots.
- 1 decade ago
it is the best way
and man, NOBODY wanted hilary only wanted her cuz she is a woman