The Ottoman Turks were one of the tribes of the Turanian race; their main homeland was central Asia, from the Ural mountains to the plain of Turkistan of China. Kyrgyzes, Turkmens, Mongols, Seljuk Turks, Tajiks,Tartars, ... could be named as other tribes of the Turanian race. They were nomad and tent-dweller tribes that always had been wandering from place to place and subsisting of robbing and plundering the villagers and non-wanderers. Because of successive attacks of Mongols, drought and some other reasons, they had to leave their homeland, which was the Turkistan of China. During the domination of the Seljuk Turks in the 13th century, they wandered to Asia Minor and Anatolia (present day Turkey) and in a very short period of time, created a huge empire. It was spread on one side from Greece and all the Christian Balkan countries to the gates of Vienna in Europe, and on the eastern side to Iran and Armenia. In the south it dominated all the Arabian countries, such as Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Kuwait, Palestine, and Saudi Arabia; also in northern Africa, Egypt, Libya, Algeria, and Tunisia.After the conquest of Constantinople, the capital of Byzantium, by Sultan Muhamed II in 1453, the dream Byzantine empire was annihilated. Then for about 350 years, up to the end of the 18th century, the Ottomans made Europe their invasion land and during this time, the realm of the empire was not tampered with.
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