four characteristics of physical development that influence learning in fifth and sixth grade.?

need help on an assignment four characteristics of physical development that influence learning at this stage.

1 Answer

  • 1 decade ago
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    Might be good to use Bandura's theory of social learning. I am not sure if you are looking for something particular in regards to the fifth and sixth grade but Albert Bandura's theory certaintly applies to theories of social learning at any grade.

    1. Previous performance & personal experience

    Bandura argues that the growth of self-efficacy is primarily dependent on the use of previous performance and that the impressions created from that experience could impact on the thoughts and emotions of the person when persisting in his efforts of learning/practice.

    2. Vicarious experience

    personal mastery experience, Bandura (1997) also argues that the formation of self belief results from the process of modelling other peoples’ behaviour. By referring to ‘vicarious experience’, Bandura (1997) underlines the notion of learning as taking place through forms of copying someone’s actions because of the positive results/outcomes produced by the particular individual

    3. Social persuasion

    Social persuasion represents the third dimension of Bandura’s argument and focuses on the judgments and verbal comments that people make about the performance of others. In his argument, Bandura (1997) points out that the encouragement or discouragement fostered by how other people envisage the accomplishment of their objectives can influence the perceived competency that someone has. Low self-efficacy is possible when someone is influenced about their competence or chance of succeeding before performing the tasks or identifying the skills she/he possesses.

    4. Physiological and emotional dimensions

    Somatic and emotional conditions that include fear, stress, aches, pains and motivation.

    somatic traits can be interpreted very differently between people, even though such somatic conditions cannot affect the performance of the task itself. It is rather the interpretation of the person’s self-beliefs, of what such somatic traits mean, that might foster or hinder the presence of self-efficacy.

    I hope this helps!

    Source(s): BADURA, A. 1997. Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc. BANDURA, A. 1986. Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. BANDURA, A. 1993. Perceived Self-efficacy in Cognitive Development and Functioning. Educational Psychologist. Vol. 28, pp.117–148. BANDURA, A. 1994. Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran, (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. (Reprinted in H. Friedman [Ed.], Encyclopedia of Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998). Accessed online 28 March 08 URL: BANDURA, A. 2000. Exercise of Human Agency Through Collective Efficacy. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Vol. 9, pp. 75–78. BANDURA, A. 2001. Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective. Annual Review of Psychology. Vol. 52, pp. 1–26. Palo Alto: Annual Reviews, Inc. BANDURA, A., BARBARANELLI, C., CAPRARA, G. V. & PASTORELLI, C. 1996. Multifaceted Impact of Self-efficacy Beliefs on Academic Functioning. Child Development. Vol. 67, pp.1206–1222.
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