What are some FACTS about the republican party?

I am in a business law class and my teacher asked us to come to class with some facts about the republican party. I need facts about the party itself, not about the candidates or the party members. Please only serious answers that are facts. I do not need personal opinions. Thanks to anyone that helps.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    They were formed from disaffected Free Soil Whigs, a few Know Nothings (not a joke, it was the nickname of a political party that was anti foreigner, anti Catholic and anti Mason) and a few scattered Northern Democrats. Their first official meeting was in 1854 in Jackson Michigan, though they had met in Ripon Wisconsin before this. Their first Presidential candidate was John Charles Fremont of Missouri, renowned explorer and a skilled troublemaker. He lost to James Buchanan (some say our first Gay President) in 1856. In 1858, incensed by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise four years earlier, Abraham Lincoln of Springfield Illinois ran against the sponsor of the Kansas Nebraska bill,which repealed that Compromise, Stephen A. Douglas of Chicago for the U.S. Senate. Lincoln lost, but the press coverage made Lincoln a national figure for challenging the "Little Giant". After an impressive address at Cooper's Union, New York, a year later, Lincoln became a contender for the presidency in 1860. Nominated by the Republican party in Chicago in the summer of 1860, on a platform that pledged no expansion of slavery into the new territories, Lincoln defeated Douglas, John Breckinridge and John Bell for the presidency. His position, though far less radical than that of William Seward, provoked 11 states south of the Ohio river to secede from the Union. When they refused to return, after South Carolina soldiers forced the surrender of Ft. Sumpter in Charleston harbor, a war was commenced.

    Though ultimately successful in forcing the southern states to surrender, Lincoln was shot on April 14, 1865 by an alcoholic actor named John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln died the following morning.

    The Republican party, later referred to as the Grand Old Party (GOP) continued in the Presidency until the election of Grover Cleveland in 1884. Following the Cleveland presidency 13 more Republicans would be elected our Chief Magistrate.

    Since 1861, 19 Republican Presidents

    Since 1861, 8 Democratic Presidents. FDR served four terms, something now prohibited by the 22nd amendment. You could possibly claim 9 Democratic Presidents, as Grover Cleveland, while not the only person elected twice to the office, but the only person to be elected once, then another man was elected and served four years, and then Cleveland was elected a second time.

    There were a total of 5 other Democratic Presidents between 1828, when the party separated from the old Republican party, as it was called by Thomas Jefferson, known mostly as the Democratic Republican party, and Lincoln's inauguration in 1861.

    In our history, a total of 23 Presidents were called Republican, 19 after the present party was formed and four prior to 1828, when the old Republican party became the National Republican (or Whig) party and the Democratic party.Four Whigs served as President.

    Politically, the GOP has supported different platforms over the years. In the 1860s, they supported preserving the union, and then a harsh reconstruction of southern states, guaranteeing more rights for former slaves, but their motives are now thought to have been more directed at punishing the whites who seceded from the union. Following the end of Reconstruction in 1877, Republicans made no significant effort to prevent the disenfranchisement southern African Americans experienced.

    In the early 1900s, a Progressive wing of the party took control under the leadership of Theodore Roosevelt. This period moved in the direction against monopolies, and in favor of conservation and pure foods and drugs.

    In the period following the first world war, the party embraced isolationism, intending to prevent the nation from being drawn into another disastrous war. Prosperity was sweet, but fleeting, as irresponsible speculation in a poorly regulated investment market led to the Great Depression.

    Following a 20 year period of Democratic Presidents, Eisenhower oversaw a period of increasing prosperity, and increasing global tensions, resulting in an increase in the military industrial complex he warned against.

    Eisenhower's warnings were ignored, as the defense industry grew during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s.

    Nixon oversaw the beginnings of our move toward ecological responsibility, with the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, and the passage of the Clean Air and Clean Water acts, as well as increased restrictions on the use of pesticides. His presidency was affected, as his predecessors had been, with the Vietnam War. He also was the first president to resign, after it became clear that he and his staff had been involved in a coverup of its involvement in a series of breakins.

    President Ford served a brief term, and is unfortunately remembered mainly as the man who pardoned Richard Nixon for his involvement in the Watergate scandal

    Ronald Reagan was president during the collapse of the Soviet Union.

    George H.W. Bush, the incumbent president's father, saw the final collaps

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    The Republican party was relatively new when Abraham Lincoln ran for president, they came into being primarily because the two party system of Democrats and Whigs wasn't addressing issues that some people felt needed to be addressed.

    The party enjoyed great success in presidential elections following Lincoln, including Lincoln 6 presidents in a row and 13 of the next 16 presidents would be from the GOP.

  • 1 decade ago

    The Republican party in general is made up of people who subscribe to the ideals of Conservatism and or Libertarianism. This is not absolute, as there are a relatiely small number of Conservative Democrats, and Liberal Republicans, as well as a specific COnservative Party in many areas of the US as well as a Libertarian party.

    Here are a few general points that are popular within the Republican party (although not all Republicans believe in all of them, and none of them apply to the feelings of Republicans ONLY).

    Free Market/Laissez Faire/Supply-Side economics

    Smaller role of the governement in general, particularly in favor of more power and responsibility being defered to the state level (in strict accordance with the 10th Ammendment)

    Strict "original intent" interpretation of the Constitution

    Strict personal responsibility for one's own actions and welfare

    Strong national defense

    You can see what their current stated party platforms are on their site

    http://www.gop.org/

  • 6 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    What are some FACTS about the republican party?

    I am in a business law class and my teacher asked us to come to class with some facts about the republican party. I need facts about the party itself, not about the candidates or the party members. Please only serious answers that are facts. I do not need personal opinions. Thanks to anyone that...

    Source(s): facts republican party: https://tr.im/pM4RZ
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  • 1 decade ago

    They started out as a 'progressive' party with many people who were against slavery joining it -remember Lincoln was a Republican!

    Their last 'progressive' president was Dwight D. Eisenhower - but then he had the first of the retrogressive as his VP - Richard Nixon

    I see someone describes them as 'pro-life' - yes, but only for unborn. Otherwise they're pro-death (penalty)

  • 1 decade ago

    they are pro life

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