What were the results of past Soviet attemps at population planning?
- SpellboundLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Population planning could have several meanings:
Birth control, in which case, the Soviet Union was the first country to offer abortion on demand, divorce became very easy - certainly in the years right after the Revolution, and contraception was readily available.
Population movement. The Internal passport system remained in place from 1932 to the collapse - there is still an internal passport system in place in the Russian Federation. This was reinforced through the Propiska system which bound people to their places of origin.
Or it could mean the idea of planning for the new "Soviet Man" - the idea that through communism a new kind of human would evolve - Soviet Man. This was propagated through the Cult of the Personality, through the Stakhanovite movement, through iconographical artworks. Through education - formal, ie. in school and informal i.e. through propaganda, film, radio / tv, meetings at work and socialisation - i.e. clubs, meeting places and conversation.
To answer. Soviet population controls were effective initially, but after WWII people were encouraged to have children - this was successful.
The internal passport system is still in place - so that could be seen as a success, i.e. it works as a method of population planning, or a failure - because legislation is still required to control population movements.
Soviet man did not emerge as a new kind of human, and the Soviet experiment is dead as an idea - so failure.