Anonymous
Anonymous asked in PetsHorses · 1 decade ago

The root word -itis means inflammation hence the word lamanITIS...but what is inflammed? ?

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  • gallop
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    First off, medical terminology 101. Lamin- is a root that names a part of the body...the lamina, which can be many things but in the hoof includes the capsule and the soft tissue connecting the capsule to the bone.

    The suffix, -itis, means inflammation of. You also see it referring to infection, since all infections involve inflammation. However, not all inflammations involve infection. In laminitis, there is no infection. Enzymes set off the inflammation. So, the hard and soft tissue that supports the bones inside of the hoof and connects them with the outer wall are what become inflamed. This causes separation of support structures and if it progresses to founder, the coffin bone inside of the hoof drops.

    Add...interdigitates as mentioned by another poster is a term formed from the prefix inter- which means between, the root digit, which refers to a finger or toe (toe bone in this case, or hoof bone), and the suffix -ate which is a verb suffix to show action. Interdigitates means it connects digits, or (hoof) bones, or literally "acts between digits"

    ADD...to kicking bear...laminae is the plural of lamina. Sorry...the teacher in me is running amok.

    Add to kicking bear again.....I can't help myself sometimes.

    Source(s): RN horse owner and medical terminology text author.
  • 1 decade ago

    It comes from the word "laminae" which is where two objects fuse together in layers. It is named that because in a horses foot, the laminae is a bunch of blood vessels that actually work to hold the coffin bone to the hoof wall. Laminitis refers to a inflammation in the laminae tissue which compromises blood flow causing the tissue to die, and the coffin bone to pull away from the hoof wall.

    Think like - "laminate"

    Edit : to Gallop, thanks. In horses, that area is referred to as the laminae - because it is made up of multiple lamina. Thanks though for the English lesson.

  • Jules
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    This website might help, if you are more of a visual learner:

    http://www.realpagessites.com/nwfloridalargeanimal...

    (scroll down toward the bottom)

    There is a layer of tissue in the hoof called the lamina, and when it is inflamed, you have laminitis.

  • 1 decade ago

    Laminitis in goats is seen worldwide, but the incidence is lower than that in dairy cattle and horses. Predisposing causes include overeating or sudden access to concentrates, high-grain and low-roughage diets, or high-protein diets. Laminitis can also develop as a complication of acute infections such as mastitis, metritis, or pneumonia, especially after kidding.

    When laminitis is severe, the affected goat is lame and reluctant to move; there is a fever, and all 4 feet are hot to the touch. Touching the coronet elicits a severe pain reaction. In less severe cases, only the forefeet are affected. Laminitis can become chronic if the initial phase is not diagnosed or treated successfully. The onset is insidious, but eventually the goat is seen walking on its knees, with “sled-runner” deformities of its hooves.

    In acute laminitis, the predisposing condition, if identifiable, must be corrected promptly. The laminitis is treated with analgesics (eg, phenylbutazone at 2-4 mg/kg, flunixin meglumine at 1.1 mg/kg, or aspirin at 30-100 mg/kg) daily; hosing or soaking the affected feet is also useful. Although antihistamines are frequently used, their effectiveness in treatment of laminitis in goats remains unproved. Similarly, the use of corticosteroids is controversial because they may contribute to laminitis in horses. Regardless, they should not be used in pregnant does due to risk of abortion. Chronic laminitis with deformed hooves is treated by routine vigorous foot trimming.

    http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=...

    Source(s): Merck Veternary Manual
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  • 1 decade ago

    there is a layer of tissue between the hoof wall and the underlying dermis that interdigitates. This area is referred to as the lamina and that is what is inflamed in laminitis.

    Source(s): vet tech
  • PRS
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    the laminae that is behind the hoof wall. Hence the word Laminitis.

  • 1 decade ago

    Your question is unclear.

    ITIS applies to the words "inflammation and inflammed".

    Laryngitis can be read to mean "inflammed larynyx" or "inflammation of the larynyx", for example.

    Source(s): I'm a vet tech
  • 1 decade ago

    inflamed is like red and flamelike sorta. I think its like a soarthroat is inflamed! sorry i wasnt much help but you can go to dictionary.com and type in inflame or inflamation

  • 1 decade ago

    stacy h hit it right on the nail-head.

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