政瑋 asked in 教育與參考考試 · 1 decade ago

有人可以列一些經濟學常看到的原文單字給我嗎?

我大學唸經濟系,9月6號就要開學了

雖然可以在學校到處趴趴走,回到宿舍也可以上網漫遊

可是一但這些都做過就好無聊

想說最近想先來看看經濟學的英文單字

有人可以列一些在經濟學常看到的英文單字給我嗎??

跟會計有關的也可以,因為到時會修初級會計學

Update:

抱歉日期打錯是9月16號開學 = =a

1 Answer

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  • 1 decade ago
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    個體經濟學:(mirco-economics)

    勞動力(labor force)

    資本(capital)

    租金(rent)

    工資(wage)

    契約(contract)

    利潤(profit)

    虧損(loss)

    利息(interest)

    土地(land)

    個別供給線(individual supply curve)

    個別需求線(individual demand curve)

    市場供給線(market supply curve)

    市場需求線(market demand curve)

    超額供給(excess supply)

    超額需求(excess demand)

    價格(price)

    數量(quantity)

    均衡價格(equilibrium price)

    均衡數量(equilibrium quantity)

    市場機能(market mechanism)

    一隻看不見的手(an invisible hand)

    價格管制(price control)

    數量管制(quantity control)

    最適產能(optimal capacity)

    產能過剩(excess capacity)

    需求的價格彈性(price elasticity of demand)

    需求的弧彈性(arc elasticity of demand)

    需求的點彈性(point elasticity of demand)

    需求的交叉價格彈性(cross-price elasticity of demand)

    需求的所得彈性(income elasticity of demand)

    彈性大(elastic)

    彈性小(inelastic)

    無彈性(完全沒有彈性)(perfectly inelastic)

    單位彈性(unitary elastic)

    無窮大彈性(完全彈性)(perfectly elastic)

    總收益(totle revenue)

    總成本(totle cost)

    總產量(totle product)

    經濟利潤(economic profit)

    經濟成本(外顯成本+隱含成本)(economic cost=explicit cost+implicit cost)

    機會成本(又為經濟成本)(oppunority cost)

    消費者剩餘(consumer surplus)

    生產者剩餘(producer's surplus)

    所得效果(income effect)

    替代效果(substitution effect)

    正常財(normal good)

    劣等財(inferior good)

    替代品(substitutes)

    互補品(complements)

    必需品(necessities)

    奢侈品(luxuries)

    經濟租(準地租)(quasi rents)

    邊際效用(marginal utiltiy)

    邊際替代率(marginal rate of substitution)

    邊際產量(marginal product)

    邊際成本(marginal cost)

    邊際收益(marginal revenue)

    邊際技術替代率(marginal rate of technical substitution)

    邊際生產收益(marginal reveune product=value of marginal product)

    長期(long-run)

    短期(short-run)

    平均總成本(average totle cost)

    平均收益(average revenue)

    平均產量(average product)

    平均變動成本(average variable cost)

    平均固定成本(average fixed cost)

    損益平衡點(break-even point)

    停業點(shut-down point)

    停業決策(shut-down decision)

    包絡曲線(envelope curve)

    固定規模報酬(constrant returns to scale)

    規模報酬遞增(increasing returns to scale)

    規模報酬遞減(decreasing returns to scale)

    2008-09-08 16:53:18 補充:

    成本遞增的產業(increasing cost industry)

    成本不變的產業(constrant cost industry)

    成本遞減的產業(decreasing cost industry)

    邊際效用遞減法則(Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility)

    邊際替代率遞減法則(Law of Diminishing Marginal Rate of Substitution)

    邊際技術替代率遞減法則(Law of Diminishing Marginal Rate of Technical

    Substitution)

    2008-09-08 16:53:28 補充:

    邊際報酬遞減法則(Law of Diminishing Marginal Return)

    完全競爭市場(perfect competition market)

    獨占性競爭市場(壟斷性競爭市場)(monopolistic competition market)

    寡占市場(oligopoly)

    獨占市場(monopoly)

    差別訂價(price decrimination)

    後彎的勞動供給曲線(backward bending labor supply curve)

    拗折的需求線(kinked demand curve)

    2008-09-08 16:53:36 補充:

    外部性(外部效果)(externality=external effect)

    公共財(public good)

    準公共財(semi-public good)

    市場失靈(market failure)

    風險(risk)

    財富(wealth)

    2008-09-08 16:53:54 補充:

    總體經濟學:(marco-economics)

    總需求(aggregate demand)

    總供給(aggregate supply)

    實質購買力(real purchasing power)

    國內生產毛額(Gross Domestic Product)(GDP)

    國民生產毛額(Gross National Product)(GNP)

    國內生產淨額(Net Domestic Prouuct)(NDP)

    國民生產淨額(Net National Product)(NNP)

    國民所得(National Income)(NI)

    國民可支配所得(National Deposable Income)(NDI)

    2008-09-08 16:54:03 補充:

    折舊(deprication)

    消費者物價指數(consumer price index)(CPI)

    GDP平減指數(Gross Domestic Product deflator)

    名目GDP(nominal Gross Domestic Product )

    實質GDP(real Gross Domestic Product )

    民間消費支出(private consumption expenditure)

    投資支出(investment expenditure)

    政府消費支出(government consumption expenditure)

    淨出口(net export)

    2008-09-08 16:54:10 補充:

    出口(export)

    進口(import)

    自發性支出(autonomous expenditure)

    誘發性支出(induced expenditure)

    政府移轉性支付(government transfer payment)

    公債(public debt)

    政府預算(government budget)

    預算盈餘(budget surplus)

    預算赤字(budget deficit)

    平衡預算(balanced budget)

    2008-09-08 16:54:17 補充:

    綠色國民所得(green Gross National Product)

    通貨膨脹(inflation)

    通貨緊縮(deflation)

    經濟大蕭條(Great Recession)

    停滯性膨脹(stagflation)

    需求牽動的通貨膨脹(demand-pull inflation)

    成本推動的通貨膨脹(cost-push inflation)

    菲力浦曲線(Phillips curve)

    2008-09-08 16:54:27 補充:

    自然失業率(又為充分就業下的失業率)(natural rate of unemployment)

    隱藏性失業(disguised unemployment)

    摩差性失業(frictional unemployment)

    結構性失業(structural unemployment)

    循環性失業(cyclical unemployment)

    景氣循環(business cycle)

    景氣衰退(business recession)

    景氣擴張(business expansion)

    2008-09-08 16:54:34 補充:

    緊縮缺口(recessionary gap)

    膨脹缺口(inflationary gap)

    重貼現率(residcount rate)

    法定準備率(reguired reserve ratio)

    超額準備率(excess reserve ratio)

    存款準備率(deposit reserve ratio)

    存款準備(deposit reserve)

    通貨存款比率(curreney deposit ratio)

    存款貨幣(deopsit money)

    通貨(currency)

    2008-09-08 16:54:42 補充:

    貨幣乘數(money multiplier)

    金融體系(finanical system)

    金融市場(finanical market)

    金融工具(又為金融商品)(finanical instrument)

    直接金融(direct finance)

    間接金融(indirect finance)

    流量(flow)

    存量(stock)

    股權市場(股票市場)(equity market=stock market)

    債權市場(bond market)

    2008-09-08 16:54:45 補充:

    本金(principal)

    利率(interest rate)

    股利(dividends)

    初級市場(primary market)

    次級市場(又為流通市場)(secondary market)

    流通性(liquidity)

    貨幣市場(monetary market)

    資本市場(capital market)

    2008-09-08 16:55:03 補充:

    還有很多,先列到這樣了,希望對你有幫助

    Source(s): 修過經濟學,參考看看。, 我自己的腦袋
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