can you explain the iranian hostage crisis?
- DocLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Clear back in the days of the Eisenhower administration, the U.S.'s CIA along with British MI-6 executed a plan (Operation Ajax) to overthrow the Iranian government and reinstall the Shaw to the Peacock throne. The U.S. had been propping up the Shaw ( a ruthless dictator) for decades. After Jimmy Carter became President he did a number of things to upset the apple cart in the middle east and blind the U.S. to that upset. He became friends with Prime Minister Begin of Israel and forced a peace agreement between Israel and Egypt. He also cut funding to the CIA and passed a number of laws that made it impossible for the U.S. to keep tabs on what other countries were planning. By overthrowing the Iranian government and supporting the dictator, the people of Iran grew to hate the U.S.. Members of OPEC, upset with the U.S. meddling in the affairs of Egypt started an oil embargo against the U.S.. The Shaw cast (probably) the only vote against the embargo.
Living In exile in France was the an Iranian religious leader named Khomeini. A number of college students in Iran revolted against the Shaw and the U.S.. They overtook the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
Khomeini and his supporters saw a window of opportunity and got him to return home. Khomeini took over both the student protest and the government. In one sweeping move, the U.S. was brought to its knees and the Shaw was removed from power in Iran.
Had Carter not gutted the CIA, he would have seen this coming. He saw nothing and was completely inempt in his abilities to "handle" the situation. His only real attempt militarily was to launch a rescue mission involving Marine Corps heavy helicopter sqadron HMH-363 into the deserts of Iran, where they were to meet up with a prepositioned C-130 to refuel before moving into Tehran. Several things happended next that brought the mission to a tragic end: A bus load of Iranians happened along and had to then be "detained" until the end of the mission. And a sand storm came up. One of the Ch-53s in an attempt to take off after refueling, suffered sand blindness and inadvertantly crashed into the C-130, killing all 8 men aboard those aircraft. After that, the decision was made to cancel the op..Source(s): Retired military, combat vet. Former member of HMH-363 "The Lucky Red Lions."
- 4 years ago
I can't. It was an international act of war or at least against the legal sovereignty of an embassy. If you would like a description of it try wiki. Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis that lasted from November 4, 1979 until January 20, 1981. Members of the Muslim Student Followers of the Imam's Line, a group of militant university students who were supported by the new Islamic regime, held 63 diplomats and three additional U.S. citizens hostage inside the American diplomatic mission in Tehran, Iran. Fifty two people, not including those who were released, were held hostage until the conclusion of the crisis. The United States attempted a rescue operation named Operation Eagle Claw. The operation failed, resulting in the deaths of five USAF Airmen and three US Marines. Some political scientists argue that the crisis was one of the primary reasons for U.S. President Jimmy Carter's defeat in the U.S. Presidential Election of 1980.