Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 科學及數學天文學及太空 · 1 decade ago

請高手幫手翻譯做英文

請高手幫手翻譯做英文(請用中三程度能明白的英文):

太陽系的簡介:

太陽系位處銀河系獵戶臂的銀道面以北,並繞銀河系中心運轉,

其邊緣位置為歐特雲。

除八大行星等天體繞日運行外,繞日運行還有彗星、小行星等天體

公轉與自轉:

太陽系繞銀河系中心運行,同時行星繞太陽運行,衛星繞行星運轉,這些天體運動我們統稱為公轉。

太陽、行星和衛星也會繞著自轉軸旋轉,稱為自轉。

恆星與行星:

恆星本身會發光發熱的天體,其質量及體積遠較行星為大。

行星是指圍繞恆星的天體,而部份行星亦有衛星相繞而轉。

太陽的形成:

50億年前,一團旋轉的氣體及塵埃,在自身的引力作用下開始收縮。

根據角動量守衡定律,在沒有外力的情況下,它會不斷旋轉及收縮,而轉速會不斷增大。

旋轉速度增大,加上氣體粒子間的摩擦,令氣體團形成吸積盤。

收縮過程不斷持續,直至中心部分形成一顆恆星。

遠離但繞著中心旋轉的物質會各自收縮,形成行星。氣體塵埃雲原先的轉動,成了行星公轉和太陽自轉的原動力。

太陽的簡介:

太陽系中心天體,為一熾熱的氣體星球。

太陽集中了太陽系99.865%的質量。

能量主要由核心的熱核反應(核聚變)產生,其溫度高達1千5百萬度。

太陽內部結構:

太陽的大氣層分為光球層、色球層和日冕。

光球層:表現有光斑、太陽黑子。

色球層:表現有耀斑(譜斑)、暗條和日珥。

太陽風的到來會對地球有所影響,如極光。

太陽黑子與地球:

溫度約為4500K(絕對溫度),在光球反襯下顯得較暗。

由較暗的核(本影)和圍繞它的較亮部分(半影)構成。

具有強大的磁場的太陽黑子主要出現在低緯地區。

太陽黑子的週期為11年,其週期與地球的雨量有顯著的關係。

類地行星與類木行星:

類地行星:

水星、金星、地球、火星。

特徵:

質量較小,體積較細,自轉速度慢,衛星數量較少。

類木行星:

木星、土星、天王星、海王星。

特徵:

質量較大,體積較大,衛星數量較多,自轉速度快,有環存在。

矮行星:

矮行星是太陽系天體的一個新增類別。2006年8月24日,國際天文聯會決議將冥王星、穀神星、厄里斯歸類成這個新類別,稱為矮行星。

彗星

在扁長軌道(極少數在近圓軌道)上繞太陽運行的一種質量較小的雲霧狀小天體

彗星一般由彗頭和彗尾組成。而彗頭包括彗核和彗髮,有的還有彗雲。但不是所有的彗星都有彗核、彗髮、彗尾等結構。

彗核是彗星的本體,當太陽風、光壓等吹過彗核,其物質被吹出,在向太陽的方向形成彗髮,這些物質被太陽風、光壓等向後推,形成彗尾,故彗尾的方向一定是背向太陽(即使彗星退行也是)。

彗星的軌道是極扁的橢圓,甚至是拋物線或雙曲線軌道。

周期彗星分為短周期(繞日公轉周期短於200年)和長周期(繞日公轉周期超過200年)彗星。

彗星是由冰塊、石塊、塵埃等物質組成的小天體。

彗星的起源是個未解之謎。有人提出,在太陽系外圍有一個特大彗星區,叫奧爾特雲(又稱歐特雲)。

在冥王星和奧爾特雲之間的地區叫柯伊伯帶,也有很多彗星。

3 Answers

Rating
  • wong
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Solar system's synopsis:

    North of the solar system position Milky Way hunting household arm's galactic plane, and circles the Milky Way centre revolution, its edge position for Ou Teyun.

    Except that heavenly bodies and so on eight major planets circle outside Japan the movement, circles Japan the movement also to have heavenly bodies and so on comet, planetoid.

    Revolution and rotation:

    Solar system circles the Milky Way centre movement, simultaneously the planet circles the sun to move, the satellite circles the planet revolution, these heavenly body movement we are called as the revolution.

    The sun, the planet and the satellite around the rotation rotation of axis, will also be called the rotation.

    Star and planet:

    The star itself will shine the heavenly body which will give off heat, its quality and the volume compare the planet in a big way far.

    The planet is refers to regarding the star heavenly body, but the partial planet also has the satellite to circle transfers.

    Sun's formation:

    5,000,000,000 years ago, group revolving gas and the dust, start under own gravitation to contract.

    Defends according to the angular momentum weighs the law, in does not have in the external force situation, it will revolve unceasingly and contracts, but the rotational speed will increase unceasingly.

    The velocity of whirl increases, in addition friction between the gas granule's, is formed the gas group the accretion plate.

    The contraction process continues unceasingly, until the centre section forms a star.

    Is far away but meets the respective contraction around the central revolving material, forms the planet. The gas dust cloud original rotation, has become the planet revolution and the solar rotation driving force.

    2008-09-05 23:36:20 補充:

    Sun's synopsis:

    The solar system centre heavenly body, is a blazing gas star.

    The sun has concentrated the solar system 99.865% qualities.

    The energy mainly (nuclear fusion) produces by the core thermonuclear reaction, its temperature reaches as high as 15,000,000 degrees.

    2008-09-05 23:37:31 補充:

    Sun internal structure:

    Sun's atmosphere divides into the photosphere, the chromosphere level and the sunglow.

    Photosphere: The performance has the facula, the sun-spot.

    2008-09-05 23:38:10 補充:

    Chromosphere level: The performance has the solar flare (flocculus), the dark strip and the prominences.

    The solar wind arrival will have the influence to the Earth, like aurora.

    2008-09-05 23:39:14 補充:

    Sun-spot and Earth:

    The temperature is approximately 4500K ( to temperature), under the photosphere sets off appears dark.

    2008-09-05 23:39:29 補充:

    (Umbra) and (half-shadow) constitutes by the dark nucleus regarding its bright part.

    Has the formidable magnetic field sun-spot mainly to appear in the low latitude area.

    Sun-spot's cycle is 11 years, its cyclical and Earth's rainfall has the remarkable relations.

    2008-09-05 23:39:43 補充:

    Kind of place planet and jovian planet:

    Kind of place planet:

    Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars.

    Characteristic:

    The quality is small, the volume is thin, the auto-rotation rate is slow, satellite quantity are few.

    Jovian planet:

    Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

    2008-09-05 23:40:11 補充:

    Characteristic:

    The quality is big, the volume is big, satellite quantity are many, the auto-rotation rate is quick, has the link existence.

    2008-09-05 23:40:23 補充:

    Short planet:

    The short planet is a solar system heavenly body additional category. on August 24, 2006, the international astronomy association resolution Pluto, the ceres, distress Reese will classify this new category, is called the short planet.

    2008-09-05 23:40:50 補充:

    The comet (in near circular orbit on circles an idioplasm quantity small fog shape small heavenly body comet few) in the flat long track which the sun moves generally by the broom and the tail of comet is composed.

    2008-09-05 23:41:54 補充:

    But,its material is blown out, in forms the coma to sun's direction, these materials by the solar wind, the light pressure and so on to are boosted, form the tail of comet, therefore the tail of comet direction is certainly dislikes the sun (, even if comet recession is also).

    2008-09-05 23:42:13 補充:

    The comet track is the extremely flat ellipse, even is the parabola or the hyperbolic curve track.

    The periodic comet divides into the short period (to circle Japan revolution cycle short and the long period (circles Japan revolution cycle in 200 years) to surpass 200 years) the comet.

    2008-09-05 23:44:15 補充:

    ※請勿抄我既答案!

    希望可以幫到你啦 =]

    Source(s): 自己 =]
  • 1 decade ago

    Brief introduction of the solar system:

    The solar system is located in hunter Galaxy in the galactic plane of the arm with the north, and move round centre of the Galaxy to turn round,

    Its edge position is a special cloud in Europe.

    Except that celestial bodies , such as eight major planets ,etc. travel around sun , travelling around sun has celestial bodies , such as comet , asteroid ,etc.

    .

    Revolve round the sun with rotation:

    The solar system travels around centre of the Galaxy, at the same time the planet travels around the sun, the satellite moves round the planet and turns round, we are referred to as these celestial body sports to revolve round the sun.

    The sun , planet and satellite will be rotated round the axis of rotation, is called rotation.

    Fixed star and planet:

    The fixed star and celestial body that will emit light and heat, its quality and volume are far larger than planet.

    The planet means around the celestial body of the fixed star, and some planets also have the satellite that winds but rotate.

    Forming of the sun:

    5 billion years ago, roll the whirling gas and dust , begin to shrink under one's own gravitation function .

    Keeping the law of weighing apparatus according to the angular momentum, in a situation that there is no external force , it will rotate and shrink constantly, and the rotational speed will increase constantly.

    Rotate the speed to increase, add the friction among the gas and particle , make the gas group form the accretion disc.

    Shrink the course to sustain constantly, until the core forms a fixed star.

    Will keep away from but will shrink each round the whirling material in the centre, form planets. The original turning of dust and cloud of gas, has become motive power that the planet revolves round the sun and the sun spin.

    Source(s): me from F.3
  • 1 decade ago

    太多字,分幾次答,你合埋一篇

    Solar system's synopsis: North of the solar system position Milky Way hunting household arm's galactic plane, and circles the Milky Way center revolution, its edge position for Ou Teyun. Besides heavenly bodies and so on eight major planets circle the date movement, circles the date movement also to have heavenly bodies and so on comet, planetoid. Revolution and rotation: Solar system circles the Milky Way center movement, simultaneously the planet circles the sun to move, the satellite circles the planet revolution, these heavenly body movement we are called as the revolution. The sun, the planet and the satellite around the rotation rotation of axis, will also be called the rotation. Star and planet: The star itself will shine the heavenly body which will give off heat, its quality and the volume compare the planet in a big way far. The planet is refers to regarding the star heavenly body, but the partial planet also has the satellite to circle transfers. Sun's formation: 5,000,000,000 years ago, group revolving gas and the dust, start under own gravitation to contract. Defends according to the angular momentum weighs the law, in does not have in the external force situation, it will revolve unceasingly and contracts, but the rotational speed will increase unceasingly. The velocity of whirl increases, in addition friction between the gas granule's, is formed the gas group the accretion plate. The contraction process continues unceasingly, forms a star until the center section. Is far away but meets the respective contraction around the central revolving material, forms the planet. The gas dust cloud original rotation, has become the planet revolution and the solar rotation driving force.

    2008-09-05 23:56:53 補充:

    Sun's synopsis: The solar system center heavenly body, is a blazing gaseus star ball. The sun has concentrated the solar system 99.865% qualities. The energy mainly (nuclear fusion) produces by the core thermonuclear reaction, its temperature reaches as high as 15,000,000 degrees.

    2008-09-05 23:57:30 補充:

    Sun internal structure: Sun's atmosphere divides into the photosphere, the chromosphere level and the sunglow. Photosphere: The performance has the facula, the sun-spot. Chromosphere level: The performance has the solar flare (flocculus), the filament and the prominences.

    2008-09-05 23:57:53 補充:

    The solar wind arrival will have the influence to the Earth, like aurora. Sun-spot and Earth: The temperature approximately is 4500K (absolute temperature), under the photosphere sets off appears dark. (

    2008-09-05 23:58:15 補充:

    Umbra) and (half-shadow) constitutes by the dark nucleus regarding its bright part. Has the formidable magnetic field sun-spot mainly to appear in the low latitude area. Sun-spot's cycle is 11 years, its cyclical and Earth's rainfall has the remarkable relations.

    2008-09-05 23:58:34 補充:

    Kind of place planet and jovian planet: Kind of place planet: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars. Characteristic: The quality is small, the volume is thin, the auto-rotation rate is slow, satellite quantity are few. Jovian planet: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

    2008-09-05 23:58:49 補充:

    Characteristic: The quality is big, the volume is big, satellite quantity are many, the auto-rotation rate is quick, has the link existence. Short planet: The short planet is a solar system heavenly body additional category.

    2008-09-05 23:59:26 補充:

    on August 24, 2006, the international astronomy association resolution Pluto, the ceres, distress Reese will classify this new category, is called the short planet. The comet (in near circular orbit on circles an idioplasm quantity small fog shape small heavenly body comet which few)

    2008-09-05 23:59:38 補充:

    in the flat long track the sun moves generally by the broom and the tail of comet is composed. But broom including the Comet nucleus and the coma, some also has the broom cloud. But is not all comets has the Comet nucleus, the coma, tail of comet isostructuralism.

    2008-09-05 23:59:55 補充:

    The Comet nucleus is the comet main body, when the solar wind, the light pressure and so on have blown the Comet nucleus, its material is blown out, in forms the coma to sun's direction, these materials by the solar wind, the light pressure and so on to are boosted, form the tail of comet,

    2008-09-06 00:00:26 補充:

    therefore the tail of comet direction is certainly dislikes the sun (, even if comet recession is also). The comet track is the extremely flat ellipse, even is the parabola or the hyperbolic curve track.

    2008-09-06 00:00:38 補充:

    The periodic comet divides into the short period (to circle date revolution cycle short and the long period (circles date revolution cycle in 200 years) to surpass 200 years) the comet. The comet is the small heavenly body which by materials and so on ice piece, stone, dust is composed.

    2008-09-06 00:00:43 補充:

    The comet origin is an unsolved mystery. Some people proposed that has an especially big comet area in the solar system periphery, is called Alter the cloud (to call Ou Teyun). Is called Keyibo the belt between Pluto and the Alter cloud's area, also has many comets.

    Source(s): myself, myself, self, self, self
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