? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請英文達人翻譯 早上作業(時間緊迫)part2

之前有打錯,又檢查了一次應該沒問題

盡量別用翻譯器翻譯,白話通順即可

4.

in the middle of the 1960s, beatrice and allen gardner started a project

that , along with other similar research, taught us a lot about the

chimpanzee mind.they bought an infant chimpanzee and began to

teach her the signs of ASL, the american sign language used by many

of the deaf in canada and the united states.the gardners achieved

remarkable success with their student, washoe. not only did she learn

signs easily,but she quickly began to put them together in meaningful

ways. it was clear that when she saw or used a sign, she formed a

picture in her mind of the object it represented. if, for example ,

she was saked in sign language to get an apple, she would go and find

an apple that was out of sight in another room.

5.

when news of washoe's achievements were first announced to the

scientific community, there was a lot of protest. the results of the

research implied that chimpanzees had the ability to learn a human

language, and suggested that chimps might possess intellectual skills

similar to those of humans. although many were fascinated and excited

by the gardners discoveries, many more bitterly criticized the whole

project. the controversy led to many other language projects, and the

resulting research provided additional information about the

chimpanzee's mind.

6.

chimpanzees also possess premathematical skills:they can for

example, easily tell the difference between more and less. they can put

things into specific categories according to a particular characteristic.

therefore , they have no diffculty in separating a pile of food into

fruits and vegetables at one time , and at another, dividing the same

pile of food into large and small, even though this calls for putting

some vegetables with some fruits.

Update:

英文達人快出現幫幫我~~~~~

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    在1960年代中期,碧翠斯和艾倫開始了一個計劃,與他們相同的研究,告訴我們很多關於黑猩猩的心態他們指導小黑猩猩學會ASL(手語的一種),在加拿大和其他州美國手語語言用於很多聾啞者,艾倫得到值得注意的成功與他們的學生Washoe(這是第一位非人類可是可以表現出人話的猩猩,他靠手語),牠不但能容易學習手語,也能拼組出有意義的話語,這很清楚表現在他看到且用手語,牠可以模擬一個圖在心裡,某個物體的呈現,舉例來說,有人用手語表現出一顆蘋果給牠看(saked 應該是asked),牠就可以走到另一間房間去找蘋果。

    這Washoe的成究也是第一個發表在科學界的,這也有一些爭議,結論這些研究暗示出黑猩猩有能力去學人類語言,也表示牠們智力能相較人類,儘管黑猩猩做出如此新奇且有趣的,發現有很多人還是題出尖酸的批評對這項實驗,這爭議要求更多其他語言的實驗,且最後提供黑猩猩的心態資料。

    黑猩猩也有種先天數學技巧,牠們可以說出不同在於"少與多",牠們可以比較出不同類別在於不同特性,牠們沒有障礙在同時區分出一堆水果與蔬菜,且能分出相同的食物大小,即使被要求放相同蔬菜與水果。

    括號的都不是翻譯

    Source(s): 看起來像一篇linguistic文章
  • 1 decade ago

    我想達人們應該希望學生自己的功課自己寫吧?

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