where did unlucky fri. 13 come from?
- 1 decade agoFavorite Answer
I'm sorry, Some of those answers so far are vaguely close but not quite on the head.
Both the number 13 and the day of the week Friday have had varied "reputations" throughout the centuries - sometimes considered to be holy and at other times considered to be unholy.
In the Western world, the superstition linking Friday the 13th with being an unlucky day appears to be primarily associated with the Knights of the Templar and its final Grand Master, Jacques Demolay, and the date of Friday, October the 13th, 1307 AD (Old Style - OS)
In 1099 AD the all powerful (at that time) Roman Catholic Church - via the now infamous bloody religious wars of the Christian Crusades - had regained control over the holy city of Jerusalem. However, the lands surrounding Jerusalem were still in the hands of the Moslems.
A warrior order of the Roman Catholic Church was banded together (allegedly) for purposes of protecting Christian travelers on their way to the holy city of Jerusalem.
The warrior order was finally officially recognized by the Roman Catholic Church in 1118 AD, and they were at that time provided with a headquarters building located on Mount Moriah. This building was located on a site traditionally thought to be the former Temple of King Solomon. Thus, the warrior order became known as the Knights of the Temple, or the Knights Templar.
To make a very long (but incredibly interesting) story short, Jacques Demolay became the Grand Master of the Knights Templar in around 1293 AD During the two hundred years of their existence within the Roman Catholic Church, the Knights Templar had grown into a rather rich and powerful political force to be reckoned with.
Because of this, during Demolay's stay in office as Grand Master, the Templars had increasingly grown in disfavor with the current pope, Pope Clement V, and with the King of France, Phillip the Fair. They became very greedy regarding the Templars wealth.
In 1307 AD the pope and the king arranged for the Templars to meet with them for a "friendly" convocation in Paris, France. Instead of being friendly, the Grand Master Jacques Demolay was arrested on Friday, October the 13th, 1307 AD (Old Style).
Seven years later, in 1314 AD, Jacques DeMolay was burned at the stake for the crime of church heresy. Legend continues on that before Demolay died - he predicted to the king and pope that he would meet them both in heaven within the next year. Fact is... the king and the pope did die in the year 1314 AD. It is not known whether or not that Jacques DeMolay actually met up with these two rascals in heaven."
In 1919 an organization was formed with DeMolay as the name. The Order of DeMolay was created by a Mason, named Frank Sherman Land, in Kansas City Missouri. It grew rapidly over the last 90 years and spread to 7 other countries and having over 1000 chapters in the U.S. Today it is a fraternity that continues to spread. (and Missouri DeMolay has been #1 in the world for i think 4 years now :)) In DeMolay, this act of loyalty and martyrdom is common knowledge.
DeMolay alumni include Walt Disney, John Wayne, Walter Cronkite, football Hall-of-Famer Fran Tarkenton, legendary Nebraska football coach Tom Osborne, news anchor David Goodnow and many others. Each has spoken eloquently of the life-changing benefit gained from their involvement in DeMolay
there are plenty of other websites that tell the same(-ish) story, but they all are pretty close. And please, anyone who is reading this, take care not to consider DeMolay a cult. As a member of this fraternity, i have seen more people urn down an unbelievably amazing (and christian-based) oppotunity because they had heard from somewhere else that it was a cult.
If anyone is interested in more information regarding the Order of DeMolay, email me at email@example.com.
- 1 decade ago
Both the number thirteen and Friday have been considered unlucky:
* In numerology, the number twelve is considered the number of completeness, as reflected in the twelve months of the year, twelve recognized signs of the zodiac, the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve Apostles of Jesus, etc., whereas the number thirteen was considered irregular, transgressing this completeness. There is also a superstition, thought by some to derive from the Last Supper, that having thirteen people seated at a table will result in the death of one of the diners.
* Friday, as the day on which Jesus Christ was crucified, has been viewed both positively and negatively among Christians.
Despite the reputation of the two separated elements, there is no evidence for a link between the two before the 19th century. The earliest known reference in English occurs in a 1869 biography of Gioachino Rossini:
[Rossini] was surrounded to the last by admiring and affectionate friends; and if it be true that, like so many other Italians, he regarded Friday as an unlucky day, and thirteen as an unlucky number, it is remarkable that on Friday, the 13th of November, he died.
However, only in the 20th century did the superstition receive greater audience, as
Friday the 13th doesn't even merit a mention in E. Cobham Brewer's voluminous 1898 edition of the Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, though one does find entries for "Friday, an Unlucky Day" and "Thirteen Unlucky." When the date of ill fate finally does make an appearance in later editions of the text, it is without extravagant claims as to the superstition's historicity or longevity.
- GianniLv 51 decade ago
The unlucky 13th may have stemmed from the fact that pre-Christian pagan cultures hailed Friday as holy days. The word "Friday" is, in fact, derived from a Norse deity who was worshipped on the sixth day of the week and who represented marriage and fertility. Fridays in the early Norse culture were associated with love and considered a good day for weddings.
Over time, however, Christianity transformed the Norse fertility goddess into a witch, and Fridays became an unholy Sabbath. Incidentally, the goddess' sacred animal was a cat, which may explain the legendary connection between witches and cats, as well as the superstition about black cats heralding bad luck.
In addition to the legendary significance of Fridays, the sixth day of the week also was execution day in ancient Rome and later Hangman's Day in Britain.
The number 13 also has mythological and religious symbolism.
Both the Hindus and Vikings reportedly had a myth in which 12 gods were invited to a gathering and Loki, the god of mischief, crashed the party and incited a riot. Tradition in both cultures holds that 13 people at a dinner party is bad luck and will end in the death of the party-goers.
- Goblin gLv 61 decade ago
Christ was crucified on Friday and he had tweleve disciples, making himself the 13th - ergo Friday the 13th is considered unlucky.
Have a lovely rest of the day. Happy Labor Day Weekend.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
well 13 is 31 backwards and halloween is on the thirty-first, and if you take the 3 off 31 and add a 0 it is 10 and ten is october which is the month of halloween.
so 13 is 31, 31 is 10, ten is october
and october 31st, is halloweenSource(s): my ming
- 1 decade ago
Very long ago (middle ages) Christians killed a lot of people in one of their 'cleaning people from sin' - it happened on Friday the 13
- Anonymous1 decade ago
- 1 decade ago
It was believed that Christ was crucified on Friday 13th and came back on Sunday- which became Easter.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
christ was crucified on a friday, and judas was the 13th disciple (including christ)
- WHO-DEY!!!Lv 41 decade ago
It was a day where many christians were murdered.