Can someone give me a history lesson on where the pension plan came from and did it first came about?

1) How stable is a person with a pension plan?

2) What are the percentage of pension plan going bankrupt?

3) Can someone give me the success rate of the pension plan living up to its expectation?

1 Answer

  • jwishz
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    A pension fund is a pool of assets forming an independent legal entity that are bought with the contributions to a pension plan for the exclusive purpose of financing pension plan benefits.

    Pension funds are important shareholders of listed and private companies. They are especially important to the stock market where large institutional investors like the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan dominate. The largest 300 pension funds collectively hold about $6 trillion in assets.[1] In January 2008, The Economist reported that Morgan Stanley estimates that pension funds world-wide hold over US$20 trillion in assets, the largest for any category of investor ahead of mutual funds, insurance companies, currency reserves, sovereign-wealth funds, hedge funds, or private equity.[2]

    Contents [hide]

    1 Classifications

    1.1 Open vs. closed pension funds

    1.2 Public vs. private pension funds

    2 Examples

    2.1 Canada

    2.1.1 Government

    2.1.2 Private

    2.2 Chile

    2.3 The Netherlands

    2.4 Singapore

    2.5 United States

    2.5.1 Government

    3 Largest pension funds

    4 See also

    5 References

    [edit] Classifications

    [edit] Open vs. closed pension funds

    Open pension funds support at least one pension plan with no restriction on membership while closed pension funds support only pension plans that are limited to certain employees.[1]

    Closed pension funds are further subclassified into:

    Single employer pension funds

    Multi-employer pension funds

    Related member pension funds

    Individual pension funds

    [edit] Public vs. private pension funds

    A public pension fund is one that is regulated under public sector law while a private pension fund is regulated under private sector law. In certain countries the distinction between public or government pension funds and private pension funds may be difficult to assess.

    [edit] Examples

    This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

    [edit] Canada

    [edit] Government

    Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec

    Canada Pension Plan

    Alberta Investment Management

    [edit] Private

    Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (union-controlled)

    Hospitals of Ontario Pension Plan (HOOPP)

    OMERS Administration Corporation (OMERS)

    [edit] Chile

    Chile pension system

    [edit] The Netherlands

    Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP (ABP)

    Stichting Pensioenfonds Zorg en Welzijn (PFZW, formerly PGGM)

    [edit] Singapore

    Central Provident Fund

    [edit] United States

    [edit] Government

    California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS)

    California State Teachers' Retirement System (CalSTRS)

    Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board

    Illinois Municipal Retirement Fund

    Retirement Systems of Alabama

    Kansas Public Employees Retirement System (KPERS)

    Kansas City Public School Retirement System (KCPSRS)

    Minnesota Public Employees' Retirement Association (MNPERA)

    Minnesota Teachers' Retirement Association (MNTRA)

    Fire and Police Pension Association of Colorado (FPPA)

    [edit] Largest pension funds

    Country Fund Assets US$ (in billions) Inception Origin Approx wealth per citizen

    Japan Japan Government Pension Investment $935.5 N/A Non-commodity N/A

    Netherlands Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP (ABP) $313 (€215) 1922 Non-commodity N/A

    Canada (Quebec) Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (the Quebec Pension Fund $258 1965 Non-commodity N/A

    United States (California) California Public Employees Retirement System (CalPERS) $218.2 N/A Non-commodity N/A

    Netherlands Stichting Pensioenfonds Zorg en Welzijn (PFZW, formerly PGGM) $123 (€85) 1969 Non-commodity N/A

    Canada CPP Investment Board (Canada Pension Plan) $122.7 1997 Non-commodity N/A

    Canada (Ontario) Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan $109 1990 Non-commodity N/A

    Ireland National Pension Reserve Fund (NPRF) $30[3] 2001 Non-commodity ?

    [edit] See also

    Global assets under management

    Pension insurance contract

    [edit] References

    ^ Global Investment Review

    ^ The Economist Jan 17, 2008 (

    ^ Legal Terms & Conditions

    Source(s): @
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