what is classification process, and how is it used?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    It is the process by which organisms are grouped together and named based on certain common characteristics. Internationally recognised names are also given the organisms.

    There are what are called Taxonomic groups, in descending order (the main ones);

    Superkingdom

    Kingdom

    Phylum — for animals; "division" for plants and fungi

    Class

    Orders,

    Family

    Genus

    Species

    Here is an exapmle of how humans are classified, I found this on Wikipedia;

    As an example, consider the Linnaean classification for modern humans:

    Superkingdom: Eukarya (organisms which have cells with a nucleus)

    Kingdom: Animalia (with eukaryotic cells having cell membrane but lacking cell wall, multicellular, heterotrophic)

    Phylum: Chordata (animals with a notochord, dorsal nerve cord, and pharyngeal gill slits, which may be vestigial)

    Subphylum: Vertebrata (possessing a backbone, which may be cartilaginous, to protect the dorsal nerve cord)

    Class: Mammalia (endothermic vertebrates with hair and mammary glands which, in females, secrete milk to nourish young)

    Cohort: Placentalia (giving birth to live young after a full internal gestation period)

    Order: Primates (collar bone, eyes face forward, grasping hands with fingers)

    Suborder: Anthropoidea (monkeys, including apes, including humans; as opposed to the lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers)

    Infraorder: Catarrhini (Old World anthropoids)

    Superfamily: Hominoidae (apes, including humans)

    Family: Hominidae (great apes, including humans)

    Genus: Homo (humans and related extinct species)

    Species: Homo sapiens (high forehead, well-developed chin, gracile bone structure)

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