時光機 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文章文法研究討論

答案是BDCAC

這不是幫忙寫作業

我只是想要了解怎麼樣選答案

以及其中選項的文法

然後怎麼樣翻譯才比較完美

因為有問問題有字數限制

所以我沒辦法把我翻的很爛的文章貼上來

所以就麻煩高手翻譯好讓我知道那該改進

Happily married people tend to have lower blood pressure than their single peers,

but being single may be healthier than being unhappily married, (31) .

The study, published on March 20 in The Annals of Behavioral Medicine, (32) 303 generally healthy men and women, 204 married and 99 single.

Each responded to questions about martial quality, social support, and mental health.

Scales were used to rate stress and life satisfaction.

Then each subject wore a portable blood pressure monitor for 24 hours

while performing their normal activities.

The groups had little difference in walking blood pressure, but married people (33) in blood pressure during sleep.

People whose blood pressure does not dip during sleep are

at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, according to Julianne Holt-Lunstad, (34) .

The unhappy married had higher daytime and 24-hour blood pressure readings than single people. Marital satisfaction is associated with satisfaction with life, lower stress,

less depression, and lower walking blood pressure.

“Just being married per se isn’t helpful,” Dr. Holt-Lunstad said,

“because you can potentially be worse off in an unhappy marriage. So, (35) .”

31. (A) newly study suggests (B) a new study suggests(C) a study is newly suggested(D) suggesting a new study

32. (A) sampling (B) to sample(C) was sampled(D) sampled

Update:

33. (A) having significant larger dips(B) with significantly larger dips

(C) had significantly larger dips(D) dipped significant larger

Update 2:

34.

(A) the lead author and an assistant professor of Psychology at Brigham Young University in Utah

(B) who the lead author and an assistant professor of Psychology at Brigham Young University in Utah

Update 3:

34.

(C) is the lead author and an assistant professor of Psychology at Brigham Young University in Utah

(D) the lead author and an assistant professor of Psychology is at Brigham Young University in Utah

35. (A) wise choice(B) choose wisely(C) to choose a wise one(D) wisely choosing

Update 4:

可以麻煩John大哥可以解說一下第一段的後面

but being single may be healthier than being unhappily married

裡面為什麼用being和be嗎?

謝謝

Update 5:

John大哥

還有三個問題想要請教您

1.應用動詞? 是什麼意思? 舉凡什麼?

 在大部份的文法書中 都稱為什麼?

2. 34題不能選擇B...是因為who的關係嗎?

  是因為who的前面不能有逗點嗎? 是不是不管在什麼情形之下

  who的前面都不能有逗點?

3. 還有可以麻煩大哥您推薦一本文法書嗎? 深入淺出

  自己自修看的懂的

謝謝^^

Update 6:

謝謝John 大哥

您真的很熱心回答

還有也謝謝eva大哥的用心 ^^

2 Answers

Rating
  • John
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Happily married people tend to have lower blood pressure than their single peers,

    but being single may be healthier than being unhappily married, (31) .

    幸福已婚族,比起同輩單身族來,傾向有較低的血壓,但單身族卻比不幸已婚族更健康,【31:一份新的研究如此建議】。

    (A) newly study suggests → 副詞(newly)不可修飾名詞(study)

    (C) a study is newly suggested→ 一份研究最近被建議

    (D) suggesting a new study→ 建議一份新的研究

    【正解】(B) a new study suggests→ 一份新研究建議

    The study, published on March 20 in The Annals of Behavioral Medicine, (32) 303 generally healthy men and women, 204 married and 99 single.

    該研究,刊載於三月二十日『行為醫學』年報,廣泛地抽樣303位健康的男女,其中204人已婚,99人單身。

    (A)sampling → 應用動詞,而非名詞/動名詞

    (B)to sample → 應用動詞,而非不定詞

    (C)was sampled→ 是人被抽樣,不是研究被抽樣

    【正解】(D) sampled 主詞 = The study, 而 published on March 20 in--- 僅是使用插入法做補充說明,動詞是sample(抽樣),因是過去的情事,所以sample → sampled

    Each responded to questions about martial quality, social support, and mental health.

    Scales were used to rate stress and life satisfaction.

    各自地回覆有關戰爭本質、社會支援、精神健康等問題,並使用等級來評量壓力及生活滿意度。

    Then each subject wore a portable blood pressure monitor for 24 hours

    while performing their normal activities. The groups had little difference in walking blood pressure, but married people (33) in blood pressure during sleep.

    然後每一個對象,配帶一個移動式血壓計監測器,24小時內像平常活動一樣動作。雖然這些小組在步行的血壓上彼此有些許的差異,但已婚者在睡眠中的血壓有較大明顯的下降。

    (A) having significant larger dips → 過去情事,用過去式,就算要用進行式,也要加be動詞

    (B) with significantly larger dips → 主詞 married people,後接動詞。

    (C) had significantly larger dips →【正解】動詞 = have有,過去式 had,

    (D) dipped significant larger→ dipped 當然可以做動詞,但沒有受詞,且形容詞無法修飾動詞。

    People whose blood pressure does not dip during sleep are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease, according to Julianne Holt-Lunstad, (34) .

    依照Julianne Holt-Lunstad所稱,對於心血管疾病而言,在睡眠中血壓不會下降的人,是處於較高風險中。

    (A) the lead author and an assistant professor of Psychology at Brigham Young University in Utah【正解】,插入法補充說明Julianne Holt-Lunstad作者背景。如果要使用(B),則需去掉【,】。

    2008-08-19 11:15:34 補充:

    The unhappy married had higher daytime and 24-hour blood pressure readings than single people. Marital satisfaction is associated with satisfaction with life, lower stress, less depression, and lower walking blood pressure.

    不幸福已婚族比起單身族,在白天與24小時內有較高的血壓讀數,婚姻滿意度與生活滿意度、較低壓力、較少意氣消沉、及較低步行血壓是相結合的。

    2008-08-19 11:16:06 補充:

    “Just being married per se isn’t helpful,” Dr. Holt-Lunstad said, “because you can potentially be worse off in an unhappy marriage. So, (35) .”

    Dr. Holt-Lunstad稱:『僅就結婚而言,是沒有幫助』,『因為你可能地在不幸福的婚姻中更糟,因此,去選擇個明智婚姻。

    2008-08-19 11:16:20 補充:

    (A) wise choice → 沒有『做選擇』的意謂在。

    (B) choose wisely / (D) wisely choosing→只有『明智地選擇』,至於選擇啥?看不出

    (C) to choose a wise one【正解】→ one = marriage

    2008-08-20 10:00:26 補充:

    1. 【being single】 may be healthier than 【being unhappily married】

    這裡其實【being single】(單身)這件事與 【being unhappily married】(不幸福已婚)這件事來比較。

    2008-08-20 10:00:54 補充:

    【being single】中,因為single 是個形容詞,無法單獨成為一個主詞片語,必須加上be 動詞轉化成的分詞來形成主詞片語,至於為何用現在分詞而不用過去分詞,主要是有『成為單身』的意涵在,而不是有『已成單身』意涵。後面的【being unhappily married】也是如此,只是多出一個unhappily副詞來修飾married(adj)。

    ……may be healthier than…… 中的be ,是因為healthier 是個形容詞比較級,加上前有may助動詞,後須加原形動詞。

    2008-08-20 10:01:25 補充:

    不好意思,其實我要說的是『應該用動詞』,如果我把其中『補述用法:published on March 20 in The Annals of Behavioral Medicine』去掉,只剩下 The study sampled 303 generally healthy men and women, 204 married and 99 single. 這樣就很容易看出來。

    2008-08-20 10:02:23 補充:

    3. 對於Julianne Holt-Lunstad,可以用『形容片語』來補充說明,也可以用補述用法(不限定用法)的『形容子句』來補充說明。

    (A) 就是形容片語(上面句子:…., 204 married and 99 single. 就是形容片語來形容前行詞healthy men and women),(D)就不說了(意義不同),(

    2008-08-20 10:02:52 補充:

    (B)/(C) 就是補述用法(不限定用法)的『形容子句』,(B)漏了is,(C) 呢?雖然【, who…】中的who(關係代名詞)可以省略,唯獨be詞的who 不能省略,所以(C)也不對(上面句子:……, published on March 20……就是省去which)。

    至於要不要加【,】這是文法限定與補述用法的問題,在知識搜一下可知道了。

    2008-08-20 10:03:50 補充:

    以前我看文法書(柯旗化),發現讀了後面,有些前面就忘掉了,後來我到舊光華商場買了好幾本柯旗化文法,每讀一頁,就撕一頁,前幾年,我懶得看書,就買了許文媛的光碟,躺在躺椅上,看她說,個人覺的這個方法真的不錯。

    2008-08-20 10:20:35 補充:

    補充一下,34題:

    2008-08-20 10:20:48 補充:

    My uncle, a teacher, lives in Taiwan. →形容片語,一定要加【,】。

    My uncle who is a teacher lives in Taiwan→ 限定用法之形容子句,不須加【,】。(有很多當老師的叔叔)

    My uncle, who is a teacher, who lives in Taiwan→補述用法之形容子句,須加【,】。(只有一個當老師的叔叔)

    Source(s): myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself, myself
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    時光機

    JOHN都幫你答好囉!

    他答得很好ㄝ

    那我就不答囉!

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