Chadwick is a name whose history on English soil dates back to the wave of migration that followed the Norman Conquest of England of 1066. The Chadwick family lived in the parish of Rochdale in Lancashire. They were granted the lands near Chadwick in this area by William the Conqueror shortly after the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the largely illiterate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Chadwick family name include Chadwick, Chadwicke, Chadwyck, Chaddick, Chadwich, Shadduck and many more.
First found in Staffordshire where they were seated from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Chadwick family to immigrate North America: Charles Chadwick who settled in Salem Mass. in 1630; and an important branch of the family settled in Toronto, Canada. Elizabeth Chadwick settled in Potomac Maryland in 1728.