Can someone identify the candidates, issues, results, and significance of the 1844 and 1848 presidential....

elections? Explain how the issues and mood of the country changed from 1844 to 1848.

5 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The United States presidential election of 1844 saw Democrat James Knox Polk defeat Whig Henry Clay in a close contest that turned on foreign policy, with Polk favoring the annexation of Texas and Clay opposed.

    Democratic nominee James K. Polk ran on a platform that embraced American territorial expansionism, an idea soon to be called Manifest Destiny. At their convention, the Democrats called for the annexation of Texas and asserted that the United States had a “clear and unquestionable” claim to “the whole” of Oregon. By informally tying the Oregon boundary dispute to the more controversial Texas debate, the Democrats appealed to both Northern expansionists (who were more adamant about the Oregon boundary) and Southern expansionists (who were more focused on annexing Texas as a slave state). Polk went on to win a narrow victory over Whig candidate Henry Clay, in part because Clay had taken a stand against expansion, although economic issues were also of great importance. (The slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight!” is often incorrectly associated with this election; it first appeared in 1845.)

    This was the last presidential election to be held on different days in different states, as starting with the presidential election of 1848 all states held the election on the same date in November.

    The United States presidential election of 1848 was an open race. President James Polk, having achieved virtually all of his objectives in one term and suffering from declining health that would take his life less than four months after leaving office, kept his promise not to seek re-election.

    The Whigs in 1846-47 had focused all their energies on condemning Polk's war policies. They had to quickly reverse course. In February 1848 Polk surprised everyone with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the war and gave the U.S. vast new territories (including California and most of Arizona and New Mexico). The Whigs in the Senate voted 2-1 to approve the treaty. Then in the summer the Whigs nominated the hero of the war, Zachary Taylor. While he did promise no more future wars, he did not condemn the war or criticize Polk, and Whigs had to follow his lead. They shifted their attention to the new issue of whether slavery could be banned from the new territories. The choice of Taylor was almost in desperation--he was not clearly committed to Whig principles, but he was popular for leading the war effort. The Democrats had a record of victory, peace, prosperity, and the acquisition of both Oregon and the Southwest; they appeared almost certain winners unless the Whigs picked Taylor. Taylor's victory made him one of only two Whigs to be elected President before the party ceased to exist in the 1850's, the other Whig to be elected President was William Henry Harrison, who had also been a general and war hero, but died a month into office.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    James Polk, the most underrated president in our history; 1844. The major part of the current West was brought into the US after Mexico declared war on us. Texas, which was an independent country, decided to join the United states and Mexico attacked us; we won. 1848 and Zack Taylor won the Presidency, but died 16 months later. We were expanding and if Taylor had his way more of Canada would belong to us today; we almost had another war with England over the States of Oregon and Washington. He was against the territories having slaves; had he lived the Civil war may never have happened.

  • ?
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    1844 Election

  • 5 years ago

    Eliminate Yeast Infection Fast :

  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    The same question comes up again

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.