碧兒 asked in 健康女性保健 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻譯~有關乳癌的原文文章~

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Public perceptions of risk factors

Studies in the UK and USA have shown that women’s perceptions of the population risk of cancer and their personal vulnerability are inconsistent with medical perspectives.

Recent research suggests that women are aware of breast cancer in general, but their knowledge of the risk factors and risk perception is limited.

A recent study reported that 66% of females overestimated their risk of developing disease, 88% underestimated the age at which it was most likely to develop and 56% underestimated 5-year survival.

A patient’s age, family history and genetic predisposition are 5important risk factors, yet studies in the USA, Australia and the UK have found that women incorrectly believe that their risk of breast cancer decreases with age.

Awareness of familial risk is also poor. For example, about one-quarter to one-third of women do not appear to be aware of the added risk a family history of breast cancer poses, and many women with a family history overestimate their risk.

Other risk factors are also poorly understood. Only 37.1% of women perceived oral contraceptives and 35.9% HRT as risk factors for breast cancer in a recent study, and knowledge of obesity as a breast cancer risk factor was poor among six ethnic groups.

This lack of understanding is perpetuated by inaccuracies reported in the media regarding risk factors. Indeed, the media have a central role in communicating information about the risk of breast cancer, and women derive much of their health information from the media.

Studies have reported that the popular and general-interest media often misrepresent decreased age as a risk factor, frequently reporting breast cancer among young women.

Moreover, only 14% of articles about breast cancer presented the factual information about age as a risk factor.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    Public perceptions of risk factors風險因子的大眾認知

    Studies in the UK and USA have shown that women’s perceptions of the population risk of cancer and their personal vulnerability are inconsistent with medical perspectives.

    英國及美國的研究指出女性對於癌症人口風險及她們易受傷的個人認知跟醫學認知是不一致的。

    Recent research suggests that women are aware of breast cancer in general, but their knowledge of the risk factors and risk perception is limited.

    近期研究建議女性一般知道乳癌,但是她們對風險因子及風險認知的知識是相當有限的。

    A recent study reported that 66% of females overestimated their risk of developing disease, 88% underestimated the age at which it was most likely to develop and 56% underestimated 5-year survival.

    一份近期的研究報告顯示66%的女性高估了她們發生疾病的風險、88%低估了年齡可能會造成的影響,56%則低估了5年存活率。

    A patient’s age, family history and genetic predisposition are 5important risk factors, yet studies in the USA, Australia and the UK have found that women incorrectly believe that their risk of breast cancer decreases with age.

    一個病人的年齡、家庭病史及遺傳素質是5個重要風險因子,然而美國、澳洲及英國的研究卻發現女性錯誤的相信她們罹患乳癌的風險會隨著年齡增加而減低

    Awareness of familial risk is also poor. For example, about one-quarter to one-third of women do not appear to be aware of the added risk a family history of breast cancer poses, and many women with a family history overestimate their risk.

    察覺家庭病史所造成風險的知識也是很貧乏的,舉例來說,將近4分之一到3分之一的女性似乎不知道家庭病史中有乳癌造成的風險增加,而其他有此家庭病史的女性則高估了她們的風險。

    Other risk factors are also poorly understood. Only 37.1% of women perceived oral contraceptives and 35.9% HRT as risk factors for breast cancer in a recent study, and knowledge of obesity as a breast cancer risk factor was poor among six ethnic groups.

    女性對於其他風險因子的了解也是相當的少,只有37.1%的女性知道口服避孕藥,近期35.9%的研究視HRT為乳癌的風險因子,而對於了解過度肥胖為乳癌風險因子更是少的可憐,大約6個人種團體。

    2008-07-31 03:56:24 補充:

    對於此種知識缺乏經常是因為媒體對風險因子的錯誤報導。的確,媒體報導乳癌風險因子的資訊有一個標準規則,而女性對於健康資訊的取得又常源自於媒體。

    2008-07-31 03:56:45 補充:

    研究指出受大眾歡愛的媒體常常錯誤報導降低年齡對於乳癌的影響,並大量放給年輕的女性觀看。再者,只有14%的乳癌文章作者發表對於年齡對罹患乳癌風險影響的事實。

    Source(s): ME, me, me
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