春秀 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文翻譯 與營養醫學相關

The use of recalled and other alternative measures and subjective

criteria as part of ‘MUST’ allowed all patients to be

screened. ‘MUST’ has been validated with the use of these

alternative and subjective measures, and previous work

shows that the categorisation of malnutrition risk can be established

with a sensitivity and specificity of 95% or more compared

with the use of measured weight or height (Elia, 2003).

For more information on the evidence base and use of‘MUST’ and its practicality, reliability and concurrent and

predictive validity, see Elia (2003) and Stratton et al. (2004, 2006).

A record was made of the prevalence of malnutrition risk

using ‘MUST’ (low, medium and high risk, combined into

two risk categories: low, and medium þ high risk), and clinical

outcome (mortality, length of hospital stay) was prospectively

recorded. At the time of the study, nutritional

screening was not routinely carried out on these hospital

wards. The results of screening in the present study were

not divulged to the nursing staff so that care continued routinely

according to local policy.

Deprivation (for this study defined as ‘an unmet need

caused by a lack of resources of all kinds, including financial

resources’; Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, 2004) was

assessed using the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD)

2000, produced by the Department of Environment, Transport

and the Regions (2000). This index comprehensively assesses six components (domains) of deprivation related to: income;

employment; health deprivation and disability; education,

skills and training; housing; access to services. These domains

are then weighted (Table 2) and combined to form the overall

index of multiple deprivation (IMD). For more information on

the IMD domains and how they are derived, see Table 2.

Update:

請不要用翻譯軟體或網站~麻煩了~謝謝

1 Answer

Rating
  • ari
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    網路其實可以幫很多忙

    使用回顧和其他替代措施和主觀

    準則的一部分, '必須' ,讓所有的病人要

    甄別。 '必須'已驗證與使用這些

    替代性和主觀的措施,和以往的工作

    表明,該分級營養不良的風險得以確立

    與1的敏感性和特異性分別為95 %或以上的比較

    與使用的測量體重或身高(埃利亞, 2003年) 。

    更多信息,對證據的基礎和使用of'must '和它的實用性,可靠性和並行

    預測效度,見埃利亞( 2003年)和斯特拉頓等人。 ( 2004年, 2006年) 。

    記錄了普遍營養不良的風險

    使用'必須' (低,中和高風險,合併成

    二風險類別:低,中等高風險) ,與臨床

    結果(死亡率,住院天數)是前瞻性

    記錄。在時間的研究,營養

    檢查並無定期進行對這些醫院

    病房。結果篩選在本研究

    沒有透露向護理人員,使護理繼續定期

    據當地的政策。

    剝奪(本研究界定為'一個未得到滿足的需求

    所造成的缺乏資源的所有種,包括金融

    資源' ;辦事處副總理, 2004 )

    評估使用該指數的多重剝奪院( IMD )

    2000年,所產生的環境部,運輸

    和地區( 2000年) 。該指數全面評估六組件(域)的剝奪涉及:收入;

    就業;健康剝奪和傷殘;教育,

    技能和培訓;房屋;獲得服務的機會。這些網域

    然後加權(表2 )和聯合,形成整體

    指數多重剝奪院( IMD ) 。更多信息

    是IMD域和它們是如何得出的,見表2 。

    希望對你有幫助

    Source(s): 網路
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