who were the long eared and short eared people of Easter Island?
- connieLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
LONG-EARS AND SHORT-EARS PEOPLES
Heyerdahl discovered, as is detailed in the book mentioned above, that the leading family on the Easter Island to this day are known as the "Long Ears" - and have a great family propensity for red hair, fair skin and thin noses, in stark contrast to the rest of the island's population, who are for greatest part dark, flat nosed and black haired. The red-haired people on Easter Island today claim descent from a white people known as the "long ears" - so called because they wore large ear rings which elongated their earlobes, and who arrived on the island by boat at some stage in history, the exact date of which is unknown. According to the oral tradition of the red-haired descendants on Easter Island today - who are now of mixed descent - these first red-haired white people on the island set up a kingdom under one Hotu Matua. These "long eared" white settlers then set up buildings and as part of their construction works, carved and set up the famous stone statues - which, of course, all have long ears and long noses - again in vivid contrast to the flat nosed natives. The stone statues have been dated at approximately 1600 years old: meaning that the settlement of the islands by these mysterious red-haired whites must have occurred around the year 500 AD. All the while, the tradition goes, the red-haired long ears used the dark skinned native inhabitants of the island, whom they called "short ears", as labor. According to the legend, the white long eared people were: "an energetic people who always wanted to work, and the short ears had to moil and toil and help them make the walls and statues, which led to jealousy and dissatisfaction." (Heyerdahl, ibid., page 122). "The long ears' last idea was to rid the whole of Easter Island of superfluous stone, so that all the earth could be cultivated. This work was begun on the Poike plateau, the easternmost part of the island, and the short ears had to carry every single loose stone to the edge of the cliff and fling it into the sea. This is why there is not a single loose stone on the grassy peninsula of Poike today, while the rest of the island is thickly covered with black and red scree and lava blocks."
Heyerdahl continues the narrative of the oral tradition on Easter Island: (ibid. page 123) "Now things were going too far for the short ears. They were tired of carrying stones for the long ears. They decided on war. The long ears fled from every other part of the island and established themselves at the easternmost end, on the cleared Poike peninsula. Under the command of their chief Iko, they dug a trench nearly two miles long which separated the Poike plateau from the rest of the island. This trench they filled with a great quantity of branches and tree-trunks till it was like a gigantic far flung pyre, ready to be set on fire if the short ears on the plain below tried to storm the slope leading to the plateau. But one of the long ears had a short ear wife - her name was Moko Pingei and she was living up on Poike with her husband. She was a traitor and had arranged a signal with the short ears down on the plain. When they saw her sitting, plaiting a large basket, the short ears were to steal in a long line past the place where she sat. One night the short ears' spies saw Moko Pingei sitting and plaiting a basket right at one end of Iko's ditch, and the short ears stole one by one past the place where she sat, at the very edge of the cliff. They sneaked on along the outer edge of the plateau until they at last had completely surrounded Poike. Another army of short ears down on the plain marched openly up towards the ditch: the unsuspecting long ears lined up to face them and set fire to the whole pyre. Then the other short ears rushed forward from their ambush, and in the bloody fight which followed, all the long ears were burned in their own ditch. Only three of the long ears succeeded in leaping through the fire and escaping . . . One of them is called Ororoina and another Vai, but the name of the third is forgotten. They hid in a cave which the inhabitants can point out to this day. There they were found, and two of them were stabbed to death with sharp stakes, while the third and last, Ororoina, was allowed to remain alive as the only surviving long ear. Ororoina was taken to the house of one of the short ears who was named Pipi Horeko. There he married a short ear of the Haoa family and had many descendants . . . the last of which are still living on the island now." (Heyerdahl, ibid., pages 123-124).
This is the oral tradition, as recounted in Heyerdahl's' book - most certainly it in some way represents at least a partially accurate version of events: as the easternmost part of Easter Island, Poike, is indeed the only place on the island which is strangely clear of stones, and which is indeed cut off from the rest of the island by a ditch, in which evidence of a great fire has been found. The fact that the leading family on the island to this day shows red hair and some European features, even if they have been mixed to certain degree with the non-white natives, is the clearest sign that the "long ears" were indeed white people. It was after this great race war on Easter Island, that many of the Long Ears' statues and buildings were pulled down by the non-white natives - some were however simply too big to pull down, and it is these which remain standing today. Many of the statues on Easter Island had - and some still have - separate hair pieces cut out of red rock from a different part of the island. This ties in well with the island's inhabitant tradition that red-haired people erected the statues, and that the leading family on the island have a great propensity for red hair - all evidence of an early Nordic migration to the region which has now been absorbed into the population, creating a mixed racial type. The reason why the hair pieces were carved of separate pieces of rock, lies in their color - these hair pieces were cut of red colored stone. The red colored stone was hewn from a part of the island quite separate from the place where the main statues themselves were cut. The Long Ears even cut the statues in their own image, with red hair. (Heyerdahl, ibid., pages 88-91).
The red-haired whites of Easter Island must have come from somewhere. Heyerdahl turned to study surrounding regions: and he found evidence of mixed race peoples, some with red hair on the Marquesas Islands, near to Easter Island. However, Heyerdahl also found, by researching original Spanish accounts of the conquest of South America, that red-haired Incas were also present in South America as late as the 1500s. The conquistador, Pedro Pizarro, reported in his account of the great Spanish invasion of South America in the 1500s, that while the masses of Andes Indians were small and dark, the members of the ruling Inca family were tall and had whiter skins than the Spaniards themselves. He mentions in particular certain individuals in present day Peru who were white and had red hair. (Heyerdahl, ibid., page 351). Heyerdahl reported that this is reflected in the mummies found in South America - on the Pacific coast, in the desert sand of Paracas, there are large burial caves in which numerous mummies have been perfectly preserved. Some of the mummies were found to have the stiff black hair of the Indians, while others, which have been kept in the same conditions, have red, often chestnut-colored hair, "silky and wavy, as found amongst Europeans, they have long skulls and remarkably tall bodies. Hair experts have shown by microscopic analysis, that the red hair has all the characteristics that ordinarily distinguish a Nordic hair type from that of Mongols or American Indians." (Heyerdahl, ibid., pages 351, 352).
Pizarro asked who the white skinned redheads were. The Inca Indians replied that they were the last descendants of the Viracochas. The Viracochas, they said, were a divine race of White men with beards. They were so like the Spanish that the Europeans were called Viracochas the moment they came to the Inca Empire. The Incas thought they were the Viracochas who had come sailing back across the Pacific. (Heyerdahl, ibid., page 253). According to the principal Inca legend, before the reign of the first Inca, the sun-god, Con-Ticci Viracocha, had taken leave of his kingdom in present day Peru and sailed off into the Pacific with all his subjects. When the Spaniards came to Lake Titicaca, up in the Andes, they found the mightiest ruins in all South America - Tiahuanaco. They saw a hill reshaped by man into a stepped pyramid, classical masonry of enormous blocks, beautifully dressed and fitted together, and numerous large statues in human form. They asked the Indians to tell them who had left these enormous ruins.
The well known chronicler, Cieza de Leon, was told in reply that these things had been made long before the Incas came to power. They were made by white and bearded men like the Spaniards themselves. (Heyerdahl, ibid., page 253). The white men had finally abandoned their statues and gone with the leader, Con-Ticci Viracocha, first up to Cuzco, and then down to the Pacific. They were given the Inca name of Viracocha, or "sea foam', because they were white skinned and vanished like foam over the sea. The Spaniards recorded that the ruling Inca families called themselves Orejones, or Long Ears, in contrast to their subjects. Pizarro pointed out that it was especially the Long Ears who were white skinned. (Heyerdahl, ibid., page 253). On Easter Island, tradition has it that the Long Ears came from over the sea. Their first king had long ears when he reached the island in a sea going vessel. This ties in well with the completely separate Inca legend which says that Con-Ticci VSource(s): had long ears when he sailed off westwards across the sea. (this is oral tradition and may not have any truth in it at all...who knows?)
- peachiepieLv 71 decade ago
The bunny rabbits and the Hobbits!
- Anonymous1 decade ago
this should help