What are the sources of conflict between President Roosevelt and President Taft?
- bloggerdude2005Lv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
There are several causes. As with most causes, there are "proximate" or immediate causes, and then there are ultimate causes. I'll give you an example. World War I was "proximately" caused by the assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 by a Serbian separatist. However, this is not the "ultimate" cause. The ultimate cause was much more political, and had to do with the major power struggle and failed alliances (basically Russia and the western powers on one side and Germany, Austria-Hungary on the other). So ultimately, it was a much bigger factor that led to WWI.
As for the Taft-Roosevelt schism. Proximately speaking, what broke the proverbial camel's back was Taft's desire to create a more independent judiciary. (Taft, by the way, eventually became Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court). This all happened around 1911-1912. But ultimately, the real schism here was due to the divide in the Republican party between the more "conservative" element (which arguably survives to this day; it was then referred to as the 'Old Guard') and the progressive element (which arguably does not survive, whose champion then was TR). Taft was likely more moderate on a number of issues. Unlike Roosevelt, Taft supported lower tarriffs (a position taken by modern Republicans; the Payne-Aldrich Tarriff Act of 1909, one proximate reason for the TR/Taft schism, actually raised many tarriffs, but TR wanted them raised more). Although both Taft and Roosevelt supported "trust busting", Taft's position was again more moderate. TR wanted to limit the judiciary's ability to issue injunctions against labor unions, as these injunctions helped big business. TR also wanted a national income tax, Taft did not.
Although TR and Taft had started to separate ideologically even as early as 1909 (when Taft had entered office: recall that TR had actually been a big supporter of Taft as nominee for president in 1908), the maneuvers inside the Republican Party were the final straw.
So ultimately it comes down to differences in how to achieve "progressive policies": Taft wanted the judiciary to maintain its power, TR wanted it limited. Taft wanted slightly lower tarriffs (although Taft, by modern standards, would be considered protectionist); Taft was not as rhetorically opposed to big business, and as a result many large companies("trusts") supported him.
- ScribepalladinLv 71 decade ago
There was a split between Roosevelt and Taft because, in simplest terms, Taft was not Roosevelt, lacking T.R's charisma and energy.
More importantly, Roosevelt thought Taft had worked too closely with conservatives on the Payne-Aldrich tariff of 1909 and Taft opposed a U.S. Steel merger that T.R. had endorsed.
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- PackersLv 51 decade ago
Taft was more of a Conservative than TR (Roosevelt). Taft
felt that things needed to be done legally, which means take them to court while TR wanted things done NOW. Taft had a legal mind, remember he wanted to be and later was a Supreme Court Justice. He moved to slow for TR. TR thought that Taft should have done what TR wanted.
1. Support Progressive Ideas and ignore the Old Guard
Republicans, like the Speaker of the House Joe Cannon. TR's group wanted him out. The Old Guard wanted him to stay. Taft was neutral. TR's supporters did not forgive Taft for his being neutral.
2. The firing of Pinchot, Pinchot, head of Forestry was an ardent TR man, Ballinger, the Secretary of the Interior, told Pinchot not to oppose Taft's more Conservative Conservation Policies. Pinchot did not, he spoke out, Taft fired him. Tr and other Progressives condemned Taft.
3 TR accused Taft of being Pro Trusts-- Big Business. Taft had more Trusts broken up than TR but he was not as outspoken about doing it.
4 TR had asked Taft to run for President when Taft was finally pushed into running for and getting elected to the Presidency TR lead the lynching party in criticizing Taft. The Republican Party was split and would stay split for 8 years.
1912-1920. This allowed Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, to win 2 terms. TR ran as a Progressive in 1912 and it would take 5 years forr him to be readmitted back into the Republican Party. Taft was appointed to the Supreme Court
in the 1920's.
Hope that helps. Packers
- 1 decade ago
Taft ate Roosevelt's last Twinkie.