小葉 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫忙翻譯 盡量不要用全篇翻譯軟體

Complicated scoring systems including functional outcomes are not specific to malnutrition and have not been shown to improve identification or management. However, failure to recognize malnutrition, and to take appropriate action to reverse the condition, leads to longer hospital stay, delayed recovery, and therefore to increased National Health Service costs. It has been estimated from a study carried out amongst undernourished patients in hospital that nutritional treatment could potentially save £266m each year in Britain.3 The outcome for individuals depends on underlying disease processes, but would generally be improved by providing appropriate nutritional support. Few studies have documented the benefits of nutrition intervention. Decreased mortality rate, potentially by 50%, was shown in a large well-conducted controlled study of routine nutritional supplementation in geriatric patients.8 A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of routine protein energy supplementation has reported improved nutritional status among adults, based on anthropometric indices.9 Nutritional support is seldom the whole solution, and may be inappropriate for a minority, but in some cases denying it may be contributing to distress and re-admission to hospital. There are guidelines regarding hospital food, suggesting methods of improvement;19 and the growing emphasis on quality in the Government White Paper stresses the importance of recognizing nutrition as part of clinical management.2 There are many reasons for weight loss during hospitalizations, e.g. having to fast for investigations, unpalatable foods, nausea, depression or feeding difficulties. These problems and the diagnosis of malnutrition may still go unnoticed by health professionals focussed on more technical, biochemical or pharmaceutical issues if routine evaluation of nutritional status is neglected.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    複雜的配音錄製系統包括功能結果不是具體的對營養不良和未被顯示改進證明或管理。

    但是, 疏忽認可營養不良, 和採取適當行為扭轉情況, 導致更長的醫院逗留, 被延遲的補救, 和因此增加的國家衛生事業費用。

    它估計了從研究被執行在undernourished 患者之中在醫院, 營養治療能每年潛在地保存.266m 在不列顛。

    3 結果為個體取決於部下的疾病過程, 但經過提供一般會改進適當的營養支持。

    少量研究提供了營養干預的好處。被減少的死亡率, 潛在地根據50%, 被顯示了在定期營養補充的一項大well-conducted 受控研究在老年醫學的患者。

    8 定期蛋白質能量補充被隨機化的受控試驗系統的回顧報告了改善的營養狀態在成人之中, 根據anthropometric indices.9 營養支持很少是整體解答, 和也許是不適當的為少數, 但在某些情況下否認它也許貢獻對困厄和重新接納對醫院。

    有指南關於醫院食物, 建議improvement;19 和對質量的增長的重點方法在政府白皮書強調認可營養的重要性作為臨床管理一部分。

    2 有減重的許多原因在住院治療期間, 即必須齋戒為調查、味道差的食物、噁心、消沉或哺養的困難。

    這些問題和營養不良診斷也許仍然未被注意由衛生業職員集中於更加技術, 更加生物化學或配藥問題如果營養狀態的定期評估被忽略。

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