You know the Charter of Human Rights approved by the United Nations?


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  • 1 decade ago
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    You know the Charter of Human Rights approved by the United Nations?


    The United Nations history and achieving the United Nations Charter - Atlantic Charter is quite complex and took some time to be form at first but on January 1, 1942, representatives of 26 countries at war with the Axis powers met in Washington to sign the Declaration of the United Nations supporting, approving and backing the Atlantic Charter, vowing and promising to use their full resources against the Axis and agreeing not to make a separate peace – a unified peace and unified stability. At the Quebec Conference in August 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden agreed to draw up a declaration that incorporated a call for "a general international organisation, based on the principle sovereign equality of all nations." An agreed declaration was issued after a Foreign Ministers Conference in Moscow in October 1943. When President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin in Tehran, Iran, in November 1943, he proposed an international organisation comprising an assembly of all member states and a 10-member executive committee to discuss social and economic issues. The United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union, and China would enforce peace as "the four policemen." Meanwhile Allied representatives founded a set of task-oriented organisations: the Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) (May 1943), the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (November 1943), the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) (April 1944), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (July 1944), and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) (November 1944).

    U.S., British, Soviet, and Chinese representatives met at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington in August and September 1944 to draft the charter of a post-war international organisation based on the principle of collective security. They recommended a General Assembly of all member states and a Security Council consisting of the Big Four plus six members chosen by the Assembly. Voting procedures and the veto power of permanent members of the Security Council were finalised at the Yalta Conference in 1945 when Roosevelt and Stalin agreed that the veto would not prevent discussions by the Security Council. Roosevelt agreed to General Assembly membership for Ukraine and Byelorussia while reserving the right, which was never exercised, to seek two more votes for the United States.

    Representatives of 50 nations met in San Francisco April-June 1945 to complete the Charter of the United Nations – the formation of the United Nations. In addition to the General Assembly of all member states and a Security Council of 5 permanent and 6 non-permanent members, the Charter provided for an 18-member Economic and Social Council, an International Court of Justice, a Trusteeship Council to oversee certain colonial territories, and a Secretariat under a Secretary General. The Roosevelt administration strove to avoid Woodrow Wilson's mistakes in selling the League of Nations to the Senate. It sought bipartisan support and in September 1943 the Republican Party endorsed U.S. participation in a post-war international organisation, after which both houses of Congress overwhelmingly endorsed participation. Roosevelt also sought to convince the public that an international organization was the best means to prevent future wars. The Senate approved the United Nations Charter on July 28, 1945, by a vote of 89 to 2. The United Nations came into existence on October 24, 1945, after 29 nations had ratified the Charter.

    The United Nations Charter - The Preamble section is probably the most universal charter and has universal values that connect everyone on the planet from various ethnic to racial to religious to national to sectarian groups. This should not be forgotten at all.

    The Preamble section of the United Nations Charter:

    In the Preamble to the United Nations Charter, the peoples of the United Nations declare their determination "to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of International law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom. And for these ends to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain International peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and to employ International machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples, have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims. Accordingly, our respective Governments, through representatives assembled in the city of San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed to the present Charter of the United Nations and do hereby establish an International organisation to be known as the United Nations.

    Accordingly, Article 1 of the Charter proclaims that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to achieve International cooperation in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.

    One of the first major achievements of the United Nations in the field of human rights was the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the General Assembly on 10 December 1948. The Assembly proclaimed the Declaration to be "a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations". It called upon Member States and all peoples to promote and secure the recognition and observance of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration.

    Each year, the anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration, 10 December, is observed Internationally as Human Rights Day.

    Articles 1 and 2 of the Declaration state that "all human beings are born equal in dignity and rights" and are entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration "without distinction of any kind such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status".

    Articles 3 to 21 set forth the civil and political rights to which all human beings are entitled, including:

    - the right to life, liberty and security;

    - freedom from slavery and servitude;

    - freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;

    - the right to recognition as a person before the law; the right to judicial remedy; freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention or exile; the right to a fair trial and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal; the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty;

    - freedom from arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home or correspondence; freedom from attacks upon honour and reputation; the right to protection of the law against such attacks;

    - freedom of movement; the right of asylum; the right to a nationality;

    - the right to marry and to found a family; the right to own property;

    - freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression;

    - the right to peaceful assembly and association;

    - the right to take part in government and to equal access to public service.

    Articles 22 to 27 set forth the economic, social and cultural rights to which all human beings are entitled, including:

    - the right to social security;

    - the right to work; the right to equal pay for equal work; the right to form and join trade unions;

    - the right to rest and leisure;

    - the right to a standard of living adequate for health and well-being;

    - the right to education;

    - the right to participate in the cultural life of the community.

    The concluding Articles, 28 to 30, recognize that everyone is entitled to a social and International order in which the human rights set forth in the Declaration may be fully realized; that these rights may only be limited for the sole purpose of securing recognition and respect of the rights and freedoms of others; and that each person has duties to the community in which she or he lives.

    The rights of education without that, no one on Earth in many countries throughout the world will have no primary school for primary education for example. Basically the entitlement for basic education that is your right.

    The rights of freedom of speech like we are doing on internet by asking questions and giving answers to your question - that is a fundamental right of the United Nations Charter - without that, none of us will be doing this at all. Having a newspaper or write for the press or be the press is your right of freedom of opinion whether organisations or people or government like it or not.

    The right to social security for example - Without this - many countries in the developed world would not have any basic social security services for their populations as well as safety nets for their populations - such as unemployment benefit, child benefit, pensions, bereavement payments and etc. Every countries in the world have different social security systems as well as different types of payment schemes and etc.

    I hope this helps.

  • 1 decade ago

    The original 1948 Charter of Human Rights was modified in the late 1990's

    Because the largest voting blocks in UN

    Africa, Asia and Latin America argued that Western definition of Human Rights does not represent the present reality or respect the Multicultural definitions

    So an appendix was included that allow each nation according to their cultures to interpret Human Right

    That is why Sudan like many of the African Asians etc members of the UN who signed the Chart

    practiced Openly Slavery Using Islamic Law

    But because Western Interpretation is not longer consider Universal but Multicultural one . Won

    It is ok for the UN

    What not longer amaze me it is the among of Brains in the WEst who support that the WEst adopt Mulitcultural laws from Sharia law like in Europe to respect for other Mulitcultural interpretations in America

    But they have a large crowd who say yes and wanted even one day such approval will hunt come to hunt them but maybe will be tool late for all of us.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    nothing. its so vague and just academics that the individual gets nothing. we r still governed by our national laws which is also nebulous.

    hv u seen the abuses the authorities make of our lives? human rights is subservient to economic power controlled by the big companies.

    if u hv a grievance,let us know we may be able to give some advice.

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