請幫我翻譯〈不要翻譯軟體版本的〉20點

Purpose: To develop, implement, and examine the effect of a breastfeeding educational program on breastfeeding

knowledge and practices of Egyptian mothers of preterm infants.

Methods: An experimental design was used with a convenience sample of 60 mothers and their preterm

infants who were born before 37 weeks of gestation. They were randomly assigned to intervention and control

groups. Data collection instruments included breastfeeding knowledge questionnaire, observational

checklist of mother’s breastfeeding practices, breastfeeding diary, infant’s and mother’s profile form, and

demographic information. A five-session breastfeeding educational program based on Bandura’s Social

Cognitive Theory was implemented with the intervention group during the infant’s hospitalization and after

discharge. Both groups were followed up to 3 months after discharge. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, Chisquare,

and regression were used to analyze the data.

Findings: Mother’s knowledge significantly increased for the intervention group but not the control group

(p = 0.041). The intervention group showed gradual improvement in breastfeeding practices, i.e., started

breast milk expression earlier and had more breast milk expression frequency than the control group. Of

the intervention group, 80% were discharged on exclusive breastfeeding compared to 40% among the control

group, and breastfeeding problems were less among the intervention group.

Conclusions: The breastfeeding educational program was effective in improving breastfeeding knowledge

and practices among mothers of preterm infants.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    目的:開發、應用和測試母哺教育計畫對埃及早產兒母親的哺育知識和哺育情況的影響。

    方法:實驗設計是以簡單抽樣(統計學名詞,即非隨機抽樣),抽出60位母親和他們的早產兒為樣本。

    這些早產兒出生月數皆未希37星期。這60位隨機分佈至實驗組(intervention group)和對照組。

    獲得資料的方式有:乳哺的問卷調查、觀察母親以母乳哺育其子的情形、母乳的哺育日記、母子的基本資料、該地區的人口資料。五個單位期間的母哺教育計畫是引用心理學家班都拉的社會認知理論,實驗中的控制組的母子會從醫院到嬰兒出院後實行母哺教育。不論是實驗或控制組都會在嬰兒出院三個月內實行追蹤調查。

    使用的統計方法:多變量分析ANOVA、開方檢定(chi-square)、迴歸法亦會應用之。

    實驗結果:實驗組的母親對於母乳哺育知識有顯著上的增加,但控制組則無(p=0.041若以C.I.=95%來看只要p>0.05都算是顯著的)。實驗組的母親在母乳哺育的行為上有增加(表示這些母親以母乳哺育嬰兒的時間比較早、泌乳的頻率也比控制組增加)

    在實驗組當中,有80%的母親全以母乳哺乳,而控制組者只有40%。並且哺乳的一些問題在實驗組中也較少

    結論:母哺教育計畫確實對早產兒的母親在增進母乳的知識和哺育行為上有所成效。

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  • 1 decade ago

    目的: 開發, 實施, 和審查一個乳房供應給嬰兒教育的preterm 。埃及母親節目中和乳房供應的學習知識。方法: 一個實驗性設計被使用了與是出生在37 個星期懷孕之前60 個母親和他們的preterm 嬰兒的便利抽樣。他們任意地被分配了到干預和控制群。搜集資料儀器包括供應母乳知識的查詢表、母親的乳房供應 實踐觀察上的清單, 乳房供應的日誌、嬰兒的和母親的外形形式, 和人口統計的資訊。乳房供應的教育節目根據阿爾伯特・Bandura社會的認知理論被實施了以預測小組在嬰兒的住院治療期間和在放電以後。兩個小組接著了對3個月在放電以後。說明性統計資料、ANOVA 、Chisquare, 和退化使用分析資料。研究結果: 照顧了知識顯著被增加為干預小組但不是控制群(p = 0.041) 。干預小組及早顯示了逐漸改善在乳房供應的實踐, 即開始的乳奶表示和有更多乳奶表示頻率比控制群。預測小組, 80% 被釋放了在專屬乳房供應與40% 比較在控制群之中, 並且乳房供應的問題是較少在預測小組之中。結論: 乳房供應的教育節目是有效的在改進乳房供應母奶的知識和學習在preterm 嬰兒的母親之中。

    2008-07-13 19:25:40 補充:

    阿爾伯特・Bandura←這是人的名字

    2008-07-13 19:26:16 補充:

    希望這翻譯事OK

    你會喜歡的

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