What does this mean in 2 John 9-11?

What does it mean to run ahead in these scriptures? Who is this referring to? Is it referring to all those that do not teach about Jesus Christ or who don't believe in him or what?


wow nice commentary! thank you

16 Answers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    I highly recommend using Bible commentaries available from your local Christian book store or Barnes & Noble. Of these I find the best to be the John MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Here is what he says about your question:

    2 John 9 - 11

    Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house, and do not give him a greeting; for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds. (1:9-11)

    Those who are loyal to Scripture will naturally seek to protect and guard it. No matter what he may claim, anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ does not have God.


    (goes too far) means in this context “to go beyond established bounds of teaching or instruction, with the implication of failure to obey properly ” (“


    ,” Louw-Nida Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains, 2 nd Edition, Edited by J. P. Louw and E. A. Nida. Copyright © 1988 by the United Bible Societies, New York, NY 10023.). The “established bounds of teaching or instruction” are revealed in Scripture. In 1 Cor 4:6 Paul wrote, “Now these things, brethren, I have figuratively applied to myself and Apollos for your sakes, so that in us you may learn not to exceed what is written, so that no one of you will become arrogant in behalf of one against the other” (emphasis added). Any teaching not consistent with Scripture is to be rejected (cf. Rev 22:18-19).

    Abide again translates the present participle of the verb


    , which means “to remain,” “continue,” or “persist in.” The teaching of Christ can refer either to His teaching, or to the biblical teaching about Him, since both are in total agreement. False teachers are not content to remain within the confines of Scripture, but invariably add erroneous interpretations, revelations, visions, words as if from the Lord, or esoteric distortions of the biblical text, while claiming to have advanced knowledge, new truth, or hidden wisdom available only to them and their followers.

    But such claims are specious. John plainly states that anyone who alters, adds to, denies, or misrepresents what the Bible says about Jesus Christ does not have God (cf. Matt 11:27; John 5:23; 15:23; 1 John 2:23; Rev 22:18-19). Conversely, the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son. This is salvation language; having God and Christ must mean their indwelling presence. As Jesus declared in John 14:23, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him.” There is no way to know God apart from faith in the Christ of Scripture (John 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Tim 2:5).

    In verse 10 John sets out one practical application of how to defend the truth: If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house. Hospitality for traveling teachers was common in the culture (cf. Luke 9:1-6; 10:1-12). The prohibition here is not to turn away the ignorant; it does not mean that believers may not invite unbelievers—even those who belong to a cult or false religion—into their midst. That would make giving the truth to them difficult, if not impossible. The point is that believers are not to welcome and provide care for traveling false teachers, who seek to stay in their homes, thereby giving the appearance of affirming what they teach and lending them credibility.

    John's use of the conjunction


    (if) with an indicative verb indicates a condition that is likely true. Apparently, the lady to whom he wrote had for whatever reason, in the name of Christian fellowship, already welcomed false teachers into her home. It was just such compas­sionate, well-meaning people that the false teachers sought out (cf. 2 Tim 3:6); since churches were supposed to be protected by elders who were skilled teachers of the Word (1 Tim 3:2; Titus 1:9), they should have been less susceptible to the lies propagated by the deceivers. Having established themselves in homes, the false teachers hoped eventually to worm their way into the churches. It is much the same today, as false teaching insidiously invades Christian homes through television, radio, the Internet, and literature.

    So threatening are these emissaries of Satan that John went on to forbid even giving them a greeting; for the one who gives him a greeting participates in his evil deeds. Irenaeus relates that the church father Polycarp , when asked by the notorious heretic Marcion , “Do you know me?” replied, “I do know you—the firstborn of Satan” (Against Heresies, 3.3.4). John himself once encountered Cerinthus (another notorious heretic) in a public bathhouse in Ephesus. Instead of greeting him, however, John turned and fled, exclaiming to those with him, “Let us fly, lest even the bathhouse fall down, because Cerinthus, the enemy of the truth, is within” (Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 3.3.4).


    (greeting) means “Rejoice.” It was a common Christian greeting, conveying the joy believers had in one another's presence. But it is an affirmation of solidarity that is totally inappropriate for false teachers, who have no part in the truth or genuine Christian fellowship. Such emissaries of Satan must be exposed and shunned, not affirmed and welcomed.

    False teachers like to decry such treatment as harsh, intolerant, and unloving. But love forbids allowing dangerous spiritual deception to find a foothold among Christians. John's pastoral admonition is perfectly consistent with Jesus' denunciation of false teachers as “ravenous wolves” (Matt 7:15; cf. Acts 20:29); thieves and robbers (John 10:1) whose only purpose is “to steal and kill and destroy” (v. 10). The church cannot aid or abet with impunity such spiritual outlaws by doing anything that would acknowledge them as Christians. The one who does so —even by doing something as seemingly innocuous as greeting them—participates in their evil deeds by helping them further their deception.

    (from The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Copyright © Moody Press and John MacArthur, Jr., 1983-2007.)

  • 4 years ago

    Commentary On 2 John

  • 4 years ago

    2 John 1 Commentary

  • 6 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.


    What does this mean in 2 John 9-11?

    What does it mean to run ahead in these scriptures? Who is this referring to? Is it referring to all those that do not teach about Jesus Christ or who don't believe in him or what?

    Source(s): 2 john 9 11: https://tr.im/9Sybt
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  • 1 decade ago

    This is talking about people who deny the gospel of Christ or who bring in another gospel . This why we are told to check all things with the Bible to see if they are true or false . Because many Christs have gone out into the world . Beware of men who have added to or taken from the Bible . When man comes in and adds to or takes from the Bible by changing words and meaning of words , then a new gospel is born. God makes this warning time and again . It's not that these other gospels don't believe in a Jesus, they just believe wrongly .

  • 1 decade ago

    I think it comes down to what did Jesus teach !

    Also, what is the doctrine of Christ ?

    2Jo 1:3 Grace, mercy, peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love.

    2Jo 1:4 I rejoiced greatly because I found your children walking in truth, as we received command from the Father.

    2Jo 1:5 And I now request you, lady, not writing as a new commandment, but one which we had from the beginning, that we should love one another.

    2Jo 1:6 And this is love, that we should walk according to His commandments. This is the commandment, even as you heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it.

    2Jo 1:7 Because many deceivers went out into the world, those not confessing Jesus Christ to have come in the flesh, this is the deceiver and the antichrist.

    2Jo 1:8 Watch yourselves, that we may not lose the things we worked out, but that we may receive a full reward.

    2Jo 1:9 Everyone transgressing and not abiding in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. The one abiding in the doctrine of Christ, this one has the Father and the Son.

    2Jo 1:10 If anyone comes to you and does not bear this doctrine, do not receive him into the house, and do not speak a greeting to him.

    2Jo 1:11 For the one speaking a greeting shares in his evil works.

  • ?
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    2 John 1:9-11 (New International Version)

    New International Version (NIV)

    Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society

    9Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. 10If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not take him into your house or welcome him. 11Anyone who welcomes him shares in his wicked work.

    Those who are false teachers.

    They are not trusting Christ to lead them, but going off on their own.

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    For the best answers, search on this site https://shorturl.im/avg0a

    Unstop you ears. The Watch Tower is a false teacher. The verse calling members "mentally diseased" is one of the worst translations to be contended yet to date. You are looking for scriptural support of a poor and faulty translation. In fact 2 John 7-11 states that JWs, who act as door to door recruitment vessels of satan, should not be allowed on a person's property. _______ You are using a version of the bible that aligns with the New World. This is in fact blatant misrepresentation of your beliefs. Perhaps you should ask yourself why you need to resort to such methods to defend and justify Watch Tower doctrine. Your actions are mental gymnastics and a sign of cognitive dissonance. Why does the NWT align with the NIV? Perhaps you need to examine Westcott and Hort?

  • 1 decade ago

    (2John 9-11, KJV)

    [9] Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son.

    [10] If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed:

    [11] For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.

    if you are referring to verse 9, the transgressors here are those who knew the doctrine. They knew the doctrine, yet they refuse to abide.

    You know, our presiding minister, Bro. Eli Soriano (http://esoriano.wordpress.com),/ discussed this earlier today. You may ought to look for the nearest coordinating center of "Members of Church of God International" to request to view the discussion regarding this topic.

    Also, FYI, there have been experiences in our church wherein, a few (very few)fomer members decided to go against the doctrine, then, afterwards, those who have continued their relationships with these reprobates, soon also fought/despised the doctrine. So be very careful of these people -- those who knew the doctrine yet does not abide more so, trangresses. PBWY

  • 1 decade ago

    Could it also refer to apostates & well as false prophets ?

    9 Everyone that pushes ahead and does not remain in the teaching of the Christ does not have God. He that does remain in this teaching is the one that has both the Father and the Son. 10 If anyone comes to YOU and does not bring this teaching, never receive him into YOUR homes or say a greeting to him. 11 For he that says a greeting to him is a sharer in his wicked works.

    Or even those cut off , such as Discommunicated or Disfellowshiped.

  • Barney
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    If you read any other translation of the bible other than the KJV without first understanding the KJV, you’re going to miss out on the ’flavor’ of the original message. These verses are talking about blessing someone who isn’t preaching the original message of Christ who was sent by the Father. If you wish someone God speed, you’re blessing the messenger. If you bless someone who is preaching falsely, you are blessing a false prophet and become partaker in their false teachings. God bless.

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