whats the difference between a gazelle and an antelope?
- The Wise WolfLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
'Antelope' is a catch-all term for bovids (members of the family Bovidae, which includes cattle, sheep, goats and so on) with long, slender limbs. For example, wildebeest, topi, impala, oryx, nilgai, eland and kudu are all antelopes. 'Gazelle' is basically just the name we give to small antelopes, and again there are many species, including the Thomson's gazelle, Grant's gazelle, springbok and gerenuk.
In response to BIGgourami's answer, in zoological terms the only animals that should be called buffalo are the African buffalo and the Asian water buffalo. The American buffalo is more properly called the American bison, and there is also the European bison. All these animals are bovids, belonging to the family Bovidae, whilst deer (including moose) belong to the family Cervidae. Both bovids and cervids are both ungulates and ruminants - ungulates simply means 'hoofed mammals', and ruminants are those ungulates which chew the cud. One of the main differences between the Bovidae and Cervidae is that bovids have horns - unbranched, permanent structures of bone with a keratin sheath - whilst cervids have antlers - branched structures of bone that are shed and regrown every year.Source(s): I used to be a zookeeper and have studied animals all my life.
- StephanieLv 45 years ago
'Antelope' is a blanket term used for many species of ruminant, even-toed ungulates within the Bovidae family. Basically all bovids which are not cattle, sheep, buffalo, bison, goats or pronghorns. A gazelle is any species in the genus 'Gazella', along with the genuses Eudorcas, Nanger and debatably Procapra. These are all within the Bovidae family. So all gazelles are antelopes (but not all antelopes are gazelles). Here is a list of all living gazelle species: In the genus Gazella: - Mountain Gazelle, Gazella gazella - Neumann's Gazelle, G. erlangeri - Speke's Gazelle, G. spekei - Dorcas Gazelle, G. dorcas - Chinkara/Indian Gazelle, G. bennettii - Cuvier's Gazelle, G. cuvieri - Rhim Gazelle, G. leptoceros - Goitered Gazelle, G. subgutturosa Genus Eudorcas: - Mongalla Gazelle, Eudorcas albonotata - Thomson's Gazelle, E. thomsoni - Red-fronted Gazelle, E. rufifrons Genus Nanger: - Dama Gazelle, Nanger dama - Grant's Gazelle, N. granti - Soemmerring's Gazelle, N. soemmerringii There are also a few species of gazelle that you might see mentioned that have gone extinct within the past couple of hundred years: - Arabian Gazelle, Gazella arabica (known from a single specimen from 1825) - Red Gazelle, Eudorcas rufina (last seen pre-1894) - Queen of Sheba's Gazelle, Gazella bilkis (last seen in 1951) - Saudi Gazelle, Gazella saudiya (declared extinct in 2008)
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- Nunaya BidnitLv 41 decade ago
The first guy is right, a gazelle is just one specific type of antelope. He's also right about the pronghorn- they're found here in North American. We commonly (and technically wrongfully) call them an antelope when they are not- much in the same way we commonly use buffalo (an African animal) to mean American Bison.
- JRRLv 51 decade ago
Gazelle is a type of antelope. By the way pronghorn aren't antelope.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
agreed gazelle are a type of antelope.. but antelope do occur in africa.. sable ant. for example..
and the buffalo doesn't refer to an african animal necissarly.. it refers to a bovine animal.. cows for example.. which are clearly inter-continental..
bison are related to deer and moose.. they are ungulates not ruminants..
- Anonymous1 decade ago
gazelles are in africa and antelopes are in america.
- 1 decade ago
What he said. You would be hard pressed to find a much better answer. One note is they are all Artiodactyls - or even-toed unuglates( hoofed animals)