請問一個心理學名詞?

有個心理學名詞,我讀過但是忘了,

這個名詞說明一種現象,

就是人類傾向會做一件大家都在做的事情,

例如:

即使不知道好不好吃,如果看到很多人在這家餐廳吃,我們傾向會進去吃吃。

看到很多停車停紅線,即使知道是錯的,我們傾向認為停一下應該也沒關係。

看到大家都在做的事情,我們會傾向去做。

請問是那個心理學名詞再描述這點,希望中英文都有。

4 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    我覺得Bandwagon 只是其中一種解釋方法, 畢竟還有很多可以說明這種行為發生的途徑:

    可以從動機(Motivation)的角度, 受到很多人排隊的刺激, 引起個體的社會性動機, 例如 好奇.

    可以從順從(Compliance) 的角度, 看到很多人排隊, 因而也一起去排, 但可能內心的想法沒有被改變, 只是行為受到改變, 依然覺得他本來預計要去的另一家餐廳可能比較好吃

    可以從制約 (Conditioning)的角度看啊, 可能個體之前的經驗告訴他很多人排隊的地方就有好吃的東西, 因此他也去排隊了, 是一種類化效應(Generalisation)

    還有一些可以考量的角度, 我稍後補上.

    2008-07-14 19:13:07 補充:

    紅線的問題, 我覺得可以用歸因(attribution) 或 捷思法 (heuristics) 來做解釋, 從思考的角度出發. 也有可能是認知失調 (cognitive dissonance)

    2008-07-14 19:15:37 補充:

    心理學其實範圍太大了, 很多東西是可以用不同的方法詮釋的, 因為你沒有說是心理學的哪一個特定學門, 所以我就從動機, 社會, 認知, 行為 等等各個角度找解釋同一件事情的理論.

    有其他問題嗎?

  • bobo
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    The bandwagon effect, also known as social proof or "cromo effect" and closely related to opportunism, is the observation that people often do and believe things because many other people do and believe the same things.

    2008-07-05 15:43:09 補充:

    The effect is often pejoratively called herding instinct, particularly when applied to adolescents. People tend to follow the crowd without examining the merits of a particular thing. The bandwagon effect is the reason for the bandwagon fallacy's success.

    2008-07-05 15:43:42 補充:

    The bandwagon effect is well-documented in behavioral psychology and has many applications. The general rule is that conduct or beliefs spread among people, as fads clearly do, with "the probability of any individual adopting it increasing with the proportion who have already done so."

    2008-07-05 15:43:55 補充:

    As more people come to believe in something, others also hop on the bandwagon regardless of the underlying evidence

  • 1 decade ago

    從眾

    所以史上最惡是對的

  • 1 decade ago

    從眾效應,從眾行為,羊群效應

    從眾效應是指人們經常受到多數人影響,而跟從大眾的思想或行為,常被稱為「羊群效應」。人們會追隨大眾所同意的,自己並不會思考事件的意義。從眾效應是訴諸群眾謬誤的基礎

    2008-07-04 18:49:41 補充:

    從眾效應(Bandwagon effect)

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.