Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請教 被動語態

如何將以下主動式改為被動式

1. The driver drives the bus carefully.

2. Greg makes the good sentence.

3. Amy borrowed my money

4. Greg bought the new book.

5. Many people wear that fashionable jacket.

6. We clean the living room.

3 Answers

Rating
  • Mitch
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    主動式語法:A 做 B

    被動式語法:B 被做 by A

    先確定何者為A,何者為B,就可以轉換了。

    被動式的動詞形態是:

    Be動詞 接 該動詞的過去分詞(簡稱p.p.)

    注意很多動詞的過去分詞並非字尾加ed,而是不規則變化的。

    以下動詞三態是指現在式 - 過去式 - 過去分詞

    1. The driver drives the bus carefully.

    A是the driver,B是the bus,動詞三態是drive - drove - driven

    The bus is driven carefully by the driver.

    2. Greg makes the good sentence.

    A是Greg,B是the good sentence

    動詞三態是make - made - made

    The good sentence is made by Greg.

    3. Amy borrowed my money

    My money was borrowed by Amy.

    過去式

    4. Greg bought the new book.

    動詞三態buy - bought - bought

    The new book was bought by Greg.

    5. Many people wear that fashionable jacket.

    動詞三態wear - wore - worn

    That fashionable jacket is worn by many people.

    6. We clean the living room.

    The room is cleaned by us.

    希望解釋的夠清楚。

    2008-07-03 16:34:27 補充:

    修正

    6. We clean the living room.

    The living room is cleaned by us.

    2008-07-12 12:56:32 補充:

    drive - drove - driven

    wear - wore - worn

    動詞三態是英文基本工具,要背清楚才行。

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  • 1 decade ago

    以下是形成句子的文法↓

    (??式→ 主動句

    被動句 )

    現在簡單式→ 主詞 動詞

    主詞 be 過去分詞

    過去簡單式→ 主詞 動詞(過去式)

    主詞 be(過去式) 過去分詞

    未來式→ 主詞 will 動詞(原級)

    主詞 will be 過去分詞

    未來式→ 主詞 be going to 動詞(原級)

    主詞 be(過去式) going to be 過去分詞

    現在進行式→ 主詞 be 動詞(進行式)

    主詞 be being 過去分詞

    過去進行式→ 主詞 be(過去式) 動詞(進行式)

    主詞 be(過去式) being 過去分詞

    現在完成式→ 主詞 有 現在分詞

    主詞 有 been 過去分詞

    過去完成式→ 主詞 有(過去式) 過去分詞

    主詞 有(過去式) been 過去分詞

    ↓ 如果看不懂中文有英文的!! ↓

    Simple Present → S. V.

    S. am/are/is p.p.

    Simple Past→ S. V-ed

    S. was/were p.p.

    Future→ S. will V.R.

    S. will be p.p.

    Future→ S. be going to V.R.

    S. be going to be p.p.

    Present Continuous→ S. am/are/is Ving

    S. am/are/is being p.p

    Past Continuous→ S. was/were Ving

    S. was/were being p.p.

    Present Perfect→ S. have/has p.p.

    S. have/has been p.p.

    Past Perfect→ S. had p.p.

    S. had been p.p.

    形成被動式的句子有幾個要點...

    a.要先知道主動句是哪種時態

    b.把主詞(S.)轉成受詞(O.) 受詞轉成主詞 動詞(V.)則再做變化(看文法表)

    c.當主詞變成受詞的時候 前要加by 而by O. 要放在句尾

    d.記得受詞轉成主詞後的動詞要注意是否要變化

    字數太多...以下答案在補充...

    2008-07-04 01:16:09 補充:

    答案詳解↓

    1. The driver drives the bus carefully.

    ------------ ------- ---------

    S. V. O.

    a. drives 是現在式第三人稱後接的動詞(drive+s) 由此可知此句為現在簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:16:24 補充:

    b. the driver 由主詞轉成受詞 → by the driver

    the bus 由受詞轉成主詞 → The bus

    drives 由文法表做變化 根據am/are/is+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為the bus為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→is+p.p.

    最後 drives的原級 drive 過去式 drove 過去分詞(p.p.) driven 所以is+p.p.→is+driven

    2008-07-04 01:16:34 補充:

    答案→ The bus is driven carefully by the driver . 補充一下...轉移位子的只有主詞(S.) 受詞(O.) 所以感覺副詞carefully有換位子的原因是因為by O. 要放在句尾

    2008-07-04 01:17:00 補充:

    2. Greg makes the good sentence.

    ----- -------- -----------------------

    S. V. O.

    a. makes 是現在式第三人稱後接的動詞(make+s) 由此可知此句為現在簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:17:15 補充:

    b. Greg 由主詞轉成受詞 → by Greg

    the good sentence 由受詞轉成主詞 → The good sentence

    makes 由文法表做變化 根據am/are/is+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為the good sentence為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→is+p.p.

    最後 makes的原級 make 過去式 made 過去分詞(p.p.) made 所以is+p.p.→is+made

    2008-07-04 01:17:40 補充:

    答案→The good sentence is made by Greg.

    3. Amy borrowed my money.

    ------ ------------ -------------

    S. V. O.

    a. borrowed 是過去式第三人稱後接的動詞(borrowe+d) 由此可知此句為過去簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:17:54 補充:

    b. Amy 由主詞轉成受詞 → by Amy

    my money 由受詞轉成主詞 → My money

    borrowed 由文法表做變化 根據was/were+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為my money 為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→was+p.p.

    最後 borrowed的原級 borrowe 過去式 borrowed 過去分詞(p.p.) borrowed 所以was+p.p.→was+borrowed

    答案→My money was borrowed by Amy.

    2008-07-04 01:19:12 補充:

    4. Greg(S.) bought(V.) the new book(O.).

    a. bought是過去式第三人稱後接的動詞(buy/bought) 由此可知此句為現在過去簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:19:28 補充:

    b. Greg 由主詞轉成受詞 → by Greg

    the new book 由受詞轉成主詞 → The new book

    bought 由文法表做變化 根據was/were+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為the good sentence為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→was+p.p.

    最後 makes的原級 buy 過去式 bought過去分詞(p.p.) bought 所以was+p.p.→was+bought

    答案→The new book was bought by Greg.

    2008-07-04 01:20:30 補充:

    5. Many people(S.) wear(V.) that fashionable jacket(O.).

    a. wear 是現在式第二人稱(無做變化) 由此可知此句為現在簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:20:44 補充:

    b. Many people 由主詞轉成受詞 → by many people

    that fashionable jacket 由受詞轉成主詞 → That fashionable jacket

    wear 由文法表做變化 根據am/are/is+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為that fashionable jacket為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→is+p.p.

    最後wear的原級 wear 過去式 worn 過去分詞(p.p.) worn 所以is+p.p.→is+worn

    2008-07-04 01:21:29 補充:

    答案→That fashionable jacket is worn.補充一下...這題非常重要!!若主詞為人人皆知的或是大眾 後面的受詞 by many people 就要省略

    6. We(S.) clean(V.) the living room(O.).

    a. clean 是現在式第二人稱 由此可知此句為現在簡單式

    2008-07-04 01:23:25 補充:

    b. We 由主詞轉成受詞 → by us

    the living room 由受詞轉成主詞 → The living room

    clean 由文法表做變化 根據am/are/is+p.p. →be+p.p.

    又因為the living room為第三人稱 所以be+p.p.→is+p.p.

    最後 clean的原級 clean 過去式 cleaned 過去分詞(p.p.) cleaned 所以is+p.p.→is+cleaned

    2008-07-04 01:23:30 補充:

    答案→The living room is cleaned by us.

    因為這是自己寫的 所以不知道答案是否正確 如果寫錯…請見諒ㄚ!!

    Source(s): 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己, 自己
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  • 1 decade ago

    1.The bus is drove carefully by the driver.

    2.The good sentence is made by Greg.

    3.My money is borrowed by Amy.

    4.The new book is bought by Greg.

    5.That fashionable jacket is wore by many people.

    6.The living room is cleaned by us.

    2008-07-03 22:12:10 補充:

    在下不才,Mitchell的答案才正確,沒注意到你句子的時態,還有pp和pt沒有記的很清楚,希望沒有誤導你,抱歉。

    Source(s): 對英文有興趣的我
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