文文 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文翻譯-&解題技巧

以下是題組{請告訴我解題的方法謝謝}

Small classes in which students are required to involve themselves in discussion {11} students' passivity. Students become actively involved when forced to question their own ideas as well as their {12}. Their listening skills improve dramatically in the excitement of intellectual {13} with their instructors and fellow students. Such interchanges help professors do their job better because they allow them to discover who knows what-before final wxams, not after. Classes like this {14}energy, imagination, and commitment from professors, all of which can be exhaustiog. But they compel students to share responsibility for their own intellectual growth.

11. {A}take part in {B} as a result of {C} put an end to {D} start off

12.{A} instructor's{B} instructors {C}instruction {D}instructions

13.{A} pro and con {B} on and off {C} back and forth {D} give and take

14.{A} require {B} obtain {C} yield {D} enclose

When surnames began {15} in Europe eight hundred years ago, a person's identity and occupation were often intertwined. A surname was a direct link between who a person was and what the person did. {16}, Taylor is the Old English spelling of tailor, and Clark is derived from clerk, an literacy. In addition, the name Walker, Wright, Stewart, and Turner also indicate occupations. Awalker was someone {17} cleaned cloth; a wright was a carpenter or metalworker; a steward was a person in charge of a farm or estate; and a turner worked a lathe. One of the few occupational surnames reflecting the work of women is Webster, which refers to a female weaver.

15.{A} appeared {B} appear {C} appearing {D} to have appearing

16.{A} Besides that {B}For example {C}To begin with {D} That is

17.{A} which {B} who {C} whom {D} whose

就這樣,謝謝大家

Update:

12.題的答案是{A} instructor's

Update 2:

13.題的答案是[D]

Update 3:

14.的答案是{B}

Update 4:

15.題是began的後面動詞要加ing嗎?

Update 5:

17.題若是whom什麼時後才出現??

Update 6:

這些題目真的很難,謝謝大家幫我解答

還有不懂的,請大家再教教我喔!

Update 7:

12.題的斷句要怎麼段呢?我知道主詞是students動詞是become,when後面接關係子句

然後我的翻譯變成→學生們變成活動的伴隨當被強迫問他們的想法‧‧‧然後不會翻了==

Update 8:

12.題教我怎麼段句就好哩!翻譯我懂了

14.題解答給{B}的翻譯是獲得,還是怪怪的,因為是考古題所以能找出解決問題方法我就很開心了

^^

Update 9:

可以告訴我15題的[D]要怎麼改才正確嗎?

3 Answers

Rating
  • ?
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    解題要領:

    1. 參考上下文,文意要連貫;

    2. 文法要正確 - 包括句型, 語法, 詞性, 時式, 數量等等;

    Small classes in which students are required to involve themselves in discussion {11} {C} put an end to students' passivity. 此句需要動詞,所以(B)不對,students' passivity(學生的被動性)是受詞,所以(A) 參予, (D) 開始, 文意不合, 只有(C) 結束 是正確的.

    Students become actively involved when forced to question their own ideas as well as their {12} {B} instructors. 根據語意, (C),(D)不符. (A)(B)都可以是their的受詞, 一個與ideas對等,一個與students對等.參照下句知instructors是複數,所以(A)必須是instructors'才對,因此選(B).

    Their listening skills improve dramatically in the excitement of intellectual {13} {A} pro and con with their instructors and fellow students. 作為intellectual形容的對象必須是名詞. (B)(C)是副詞, (D)式動詞.

    Classes like this {14} {A} require energy, imagination, and commitment from professors, all of which can be exhausting. 需要, 只有(A)符合文意.

    When surnames began {15} {C} appearing in Europe eight hundred years ago, a person's identity and occupation were often intertwined. (A)(B) 動詞重複, (D)動詞形式不對.

    {16} {B}For example, Taylor is the Old English spelling of tailor, and Clark is derived from clerk, an literacy. 只有(B) For example,可以接逗點.

    Awalker was someone {17} {B} who cleaned cloth; a wright was a carpenter or metalworker; a steward was a person in charge of a farm or estate; and a turner worked a lathe. 主詞的疑問代名詞是who.

    2008-06-28 22:02:44 補充:

    需要翻譯嗎?有可能被刪.

    2008-06-29 01:07:18 補充:

    12. 這個句子有兩種解析法: 1. Students become actively involved ( ) as well as their instructors. 2. Students ... (when forced to question their own ideas as well as their instructor's (ideas)). 通常用as well as時會將對等的兩個字放在前後, 若非下一句用了instructors,我會選(A). 話說回來,我應該注意到 their ... as well as ... their的對等關係而選(A). 是我的過失.

    2008-06-29 01:24:25 補充:

    13. 剛查了字典,give and take也可作名詞用,意思是妥協,退讓,是比(A)好的選擇.

    14. (A) 需要, (B) 獲得, (C) 出產, (D) 關閉,圍住. 若選(B)則classes是指學生,而不是(學生的)課.

    15. 一個句子只能有一個動詞,所以(A)(B)不對,第二個動詞可以用動名詞(+ing)或不定詞(to+v.),所以選(C).

    17. 當疑問代名詞取代的是受詞時需用whom.

    2008-06-29 02:26:05 補充:

    第一段譯文:

    學生必須參與討論的小班教學使學生的被動性成為過去.當學生們被迫質疑自己的和教師的想法時,他們必熱烈地參與.在與教師和其他學生作智力上妥協的激盪中,他們的聽力與技巧將如戲劇般地增長.這種互動使教授們在期末考之前,而不是之後,就知道誰懂那些而作更好的準備.這樣的課需要教授們的精力,想像和承諾,其中任何一項都足以使人力竭.但是他們強迫學生們為自己的智力成長分擔起責任. (我仍然認為14.的解答是require.)

    2008-06-29 02:49:43 補充:

    第二段譯文:

    八百年前當姓在歐洲開始出現時,人們的身分和職業往往纏在一起.一個人的姓與他是誰和他是做什麼的有直接的關聯,例如Taylor是tailor的老式拼法, Clark從clerk衍生,是有知識的人.此外,Walker, Wright, Stewart和Turner等名子也代表了職業. Walker是一個洗衣服的,wright是一個木工或金屬工,steward是個照料農莊或地產的人,turner是車床工.一些反應婦女職業的罕見姓氏中,有一個是Webster,來至女織工.

    2008-06-29 10:30:26 補充:

    12. Students become actively involved,(這裡斷) when forced to question their ... 翻譯在上面補充裡.

    15D. 改成不定詞 to appear: When surnames began {D} to appear in Europe eight hundred years ago, a person's identity and occupation were often intertwined.

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  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    參考下面的網址看看

    http://phi008780508.pixnet.net/blog

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  • 1 decade ago

    題目翻譯

    小班教學,其中學生須在涉及自己在討論( 11 )學生被動。學生成為積極參與時,被迫的問題,自己的想法,以及他們( 12 ) 。他們的聽力技能顯著改善,在緊張刺激的智力( 13 )與他們的導師和同學。這樣的交匯處,幫助教授做他們的工作做得更好,因為他們,讓他們發現誰知道什麼之前,期末考試,而不是之後。班喜歡這個( 14 )能源,想像力,並承諾由教授,這些都可以用盡。但他們迫使學生分擔責任,為自己的智慧增長。

    當姓氏開始( 15 )在歐洲八百年前,一個人的身份和職業,往往交織在一起。姓是一個之間的直接聯繫誰一個人是什麼人做。 ( 16 ) ,泰勒是舊的英語拼寫的裁縫,和克拉克是來自秘書,一個識字率。此外,該名稱沃克,賴特,史都華,和特納也表明職業。 Awalker是有人( 17 )清潔布;賴特是一名木匠或金屬;董事,是一位負責人的一個農場或地產;和特納工作,車床。其中的幾個職業的姓氏反映了工作的婦女是韋伯斯特,這是指一名女織。

    解答

    1.C 因為put an end to是有杜絕的意思

    2.D 因為instructions是有介紹的意思

    3.A 因為pro and con是贊成和反對的意思

    4.C 因為yield有收穫的意思

    5.A 因為appeared是被動式

    6.B 因為它後面的是舉例

    7.B 因為人的關係代名詞是who

    以上是由神奇的我提供

    Source(s):
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