請教一個句子裡面的文法?+分析

But in one case the details differed substantially to Which's results

with the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas tested having

at least 50% more fat per 100g than the website stated.

從 to Which's results

with the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas tested having ..那邊

不太懂他怎麼用這個文法,像是tested..having..

4 Answers

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  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主您好:

    這句話用了分詞的功能, 您可以先看一些較簡單的例子.

    The music performed tonight was excellent.

    今晚所演奏的音樂非常棒.

    這裡的[performed]是過去分詞當形容詞, 修飾[music](這樣的方式稱為"後位修飾"), 整句的意思相當於使用關係子句(形容詞子句)的簡化版:

    The music which was performed tonight was excellent.

    另外,

    兩個同時存在或進行的狀況, 可以視作者的意願或需要(或是語意的合理性), 把其中一個狀況以分詞片語的型態表示.

    He stumbled away from his love.

    In the meantime, his hands held a bouquet of roses.

    可以寫成:

    He stumbled away from his love with his hands holding a bouquet of roses.

    要表達"A與B不同", 一般是用[A differs from B.]

    [A differs to B.]的用法也是有, 特別是英式用法.

    A has 50% more X than B (has).

    A裡面X的含量比B(裡面X的含量)多百分之五十.

    原句中的[Which?]是大寫的專有名詞, 是一本英國的雜誌及同名的網站, 主導者是一個名為[Consumers' Association](消費者協會)的組織. 主要功能是提供消費者必要的資訊以選擇商品.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Which?

    現在把您的句子分析如下(Which後面是有個"?"才對):

    But in one case the details differed substantially to Which?'s results with the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas tested having at least 50% more fat per 100g than the website stated.

    主詞: [details]

    動詞: [differed]

    [with]之前的結構類似:

    But is one case A differed substantially to B.

    [A]: the details

    [B]: Which?'s results

    [with]之後的結構是結合"後位修飾"與"分詞片語型態":

    [tested]: 後位修飾[the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas]

    [having]: 分詞片語型態, [fat]是[having]的受詞, 其餘都是修飾語.

    整句的意思:

    但是在某件個案中, 這些(該食品公司網站所提供的)資料的細節與[Which?]所測試的結果有很大的出入, (測試結果)顯示所測試的四種Domino起司與馬鈴薯批薩每一百公克中含有的脂肪量, 比(該食品公司)網站上聲稱的要高出百分之五十.

    原文:

    http://209.85.175.104/search?q=cache:yNqrto3JUIUJ:... "But in one case the details differed substantially"&hl=zh-TW&ct=clnk&cd=1&gl=tw

    2008-07-03 21:24:26 補充:

    Thanks hobo!

    If "and" is added between "tested" and "having," the sentence will become a simplified version of:

    2008-07-03 21:24:45 補充:

    ... Which?'s results with [the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas tested] and [the four Domino's cheese and tomato pizzas having at least 50% more fat per 100g than the website stated,]

    which only makes it all the more awkward and unreadable.

    2008-07-04 00:19:26 補充:

    In the original sentence, [differed] and [having] describe the same situation in two different angles, which meets the criteria for using participle phrases, while the relation between [tested] and [differed] is a sequential, or cause-effect, one

    2008-07-04 00:20:32 補充:

    -- something had been tested first, and then the difference emerged -- which precludes them from being put into such a sentence structure.

    2008-07-04 00:23:04 補充:

    I meant "... from 2 different angles, ..."

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  • 1 decade ago

    哇 感謝kevin還有hobo的提問,我也學到了一課了^^

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  • 1 decade ago

    Kevin does a very terrific job. My question is: What if and is added between tested and having?

    Thanks.

    2008-07-03 22:12:33 補充:

    To Kevin,

    You really deserve it. Well, how come that becomes awkward and unreadable?

    Thank you for your prompt reply.

    2008-07-04 23:12:47 補充:

    To Kevin,

    Thank you for the reply. I wrote to hopefully know your idea about that.

    And I do understand it.

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  • 1 decade ago

    (But in one case)1 (the details)2 differed substantially to (Which撇s)3 (results with the four Domino撇s cheese and tomato pizzas)4 tested (having at least 50% more fat per 100g)5 than the website stated).

    第一個括號

    中文翻譯:但是有一種情形。

    這裡只是一個介係詞,不是主詞。

    第二個括號

    這是主詞。

    第三個括號

    這裡的which's,which是指第二個括號的主詞,加一撇s表示所有格。

    第四個括號

    是which的補語。後面的tested是results的形容詞。

    第五個括號

    having是results的動詞,因為results接在to的後面,所以要變having而不是have。

    這句話如果把真主詞和真動詞抓出來會是

    The details differed than the website stated.

    其他子句都是補充說明的

    請各方大德指教!

    Source(s): 自以為
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