Why did the allies managed to win D Day in 1945?
What cause the allies to win D Day in June 1945? weren't the Nazis well entrenched?
- txthuunderLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
On the Normandy Invasion, There were many factors that negated the effect of having one of the greatest generals in history leading the defense of the French coast. Rommel was confounded by a delusioned high command. They would not send him the supplies he needed to build up the defenses on the coast. The 352nd was the only unit that applied what Rommel wanted done with any vigor. Imagine the carnage if the entire command followed Rommel as well as the 352nd did. Next, the Panzer divisions were under a separate command so even following Hitler's doctrine of let them land then drive them back into the sea falters in the fact that there is no cohesion in the command chain. When the Panzers are finally sent forth, they are cut up by the allied air forces. Finally, the deception of a crossing led by Patton at Calais ties up the 15th Army for the entire Normandy campaign. By the time the German army realized that Normandy was the route of attack and not the diversion, it was too late. Monty and Bradley had all of their units deployed and were pressing through to St. Lo and to Caen. With the final arrival of Patton's 3rd army into the Cotentin Peninsula, It was all but over for Von Kluge and Rommel. All they could do was watch as their tattered divisions were driven out of the bulk of France. Kudos especially to the soldiers of the 82d and 101st airborne divisions. They lead the charge the whole way.Source(s): Military history classes, Steven Ambrose's Band of Brothers, Jeff Shaara's Steel Wave.
- Jason BLv 51 decade ago
One of the reasons was very successful deception.
The Allies used various methods, including dummy tanks and aircraft in southern England, to convince the Germans that they were actually planning to land somewhere else (in the Pas de Calais, not Normandy). So the Germans kept back their reserves because they feared the Normandy landings were just a diversion.
In general, the Germans had a big coastline to defend, so they had to spread their forces more thinly than the Allies. One advantage any attacker has is that he knows exactly where the battle will take place, while the defender has to guess.
Of course, it was also helpful that the allies had complete control of the air. They had around 10,000 aircraft to support the invasion, whereas the Germans only had a couple of hundred. It made it very difficult for the Germans to move reinforcements, supplies etc, because the Allies could immediately attack them from the air.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
It was '44, actually, and the reason the Allies won: air superiority. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe) was being kept on the Eastern Front fighting the Russians, so there were few planes left over for defending Normandy.
Also, Hitler had ordered that certain Panzer (armor) forces be held in reserve, and that he alone could release them. The morning of June 6, 1944, Hitler slept late and nobody wanted to wake him up. So the Panzers stayed out of the battle.
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- 1 decade ago
well actually they didn't win in 1945 it was in 44 they won because the german army believed that the attack would come at pais de calais not normandy, and general manstein insisted that around half of their forces in the area be pulled back as a mobile defense. the nazis were the head of the government and trust me there is no way they would have been in the army. the allies actually had all odds against them, but they won because they had to. they had one chance and if they didn't succeed it would have taken them months to build up another amphibeous assault. they had the will and determination, and they also had air superiority.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
because no one in the German high command was brave enough to wake Hitler as he had said not to wake him - he had gone to sleep in an angry state the night before - reserve German divisions were held inland including panzer's they were not released that morning and evening - the allies had hardly any armour - tanks on the beaches and only had a slim stretch of land those first few days. The panzer's were not released until much later where there were so many allies landed including armour - that is how the falaise gap occurred where the Germans were trapped in a pocket at falais and many fell or surrendered and few escaped where the British and Americans had them surrounded and bombed the narrow roads in the gap as the Germans retreated and were caught in a bottleneck and there was great slaughterSource(s): BA History BA Sociology
- JessicaLv 44 years ago
These will always be a matter of opinion - but in my view: Battle of Atlantic - kept supply routes open to Britain throughout war Battle of Britain - prevented invasion of Britain, thus giving a platform to invade from Battle of Stalingrad -- Nazis lose to the Red Army and never recover 2nd Battle of El Alamein - Turning point of the Desert War Battle of Midway - turned the tide of the Pacific War Operation Al - the attack on Pearl Harbor - Hitler declares war on USA (big mistake) Ultra - the breaking of the German (and Japanese) Enigma Codes - huge coup Operation Overlord D-Day and invasion of Fortress Europe - Hitler is taken by surprise Operation Avalanche - invasion of Italy - the push from the South to open another front The Manhattan Project - Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki - stopped the war
- Anonymous1 decade ago
I assume you mean D-day, June 6, 1944, The invasion of Normandy
the Nazi's couldn't mow down the men with their machine guns fast enough.
the Nazi's were not entrenched all that well compared to other parts of the french coast, but still their defences were reasonable.
also, since no one woke Hitler up to tell him about the invasion, no orders were given
- 1 decade ago
it was 1944.
and the Germans were caught by surprise. they expected the landings to take place at Le Havre. also the allies sent paratroopers behind the German defenses to overwhelm the atlantic wall. also the allied man power was a very important factor. the same thing happend at Tarawa against the Japanese, where they "were not" caught by surprise.
history has proved that no matter how impenetrable your defense is, it will eventually be breached, it might cost a lot, or take long, but it will be borken through.
- staisilLv 71 decade ago
The Germans were prepared for an invasion by sea but the Allies attacked by land. See more below.Source(s): http://library.thinkquest.org/26742/allifrance.htm... http://www.princeton.edu/~owsla/d-day.shtml