Was Soviet Union an Aggressor during world war 1.?
What was the role played by the Soviet Union during
world war one.
- Kevin WLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
Wilhelm II, Kaiser of Germany, made most European leaders very nervous (some called him "William the Sudden"). Germany became a nation in 1865, united from many small principalities and city-states, and from this time the balance of power in Europe was destabilized.
So the Russians made an alliance with France. This was an odd pair - the French Republic and a very repressive monarchy, united in their concern over Germany's warlike posture.
Wilhelm was a cousin of both the Czarina, Alexandra (wife of Nicholas II) and of the British King, George V. All were grandchildren of Queen Victoria. In fact the Kaiser was Victoria's favorite grandchild and she died in his arms. WIlhelm tried to treat the Czar sort of like a little brother, and there is a fascinating correspondence between them, called the "Willi-Nicky" letters.
Germany's military leaders were very professional and planned for a war based on the new alliance between Russia and France. France had picked a fight with the newly united Germany and lost (1871, the Franco-Prussian War), and it was no secret that France burned for revenge.
The plan the Germans developed was to beat France quickly, before the Russians could fully mobilize. "Mobilization" was the process of calling in the reserve members of the armed forces, getting them with their units, armed and equipped, and all together on a train to where they needed to be. In Russia this was very involved and could take a month. It was like an inexorable glacier, slow, but once started it could not be stopped. It was extremely ominous when any country "mobilized" and was considered tantamount to a declaration of war.
Germany's plan was to outflank the French frontier defenses by invading through Belgium, and quickly defeat France, so that they could turn their full attention to Russia about the time Russia got fully mobilized. If necessary Germany was willing to cede territory in East Prussia for a time, to finish with France.
Germany was an ally of the Hapsburg Empire (Austria-Hungary). Serbia was a neighboring independent country but there were ethnic Serbs in the Hapsburg Empire. A Serbian nationalist killed the heir to the Hapsburg throne (and his wife) in Sarajevo. Austria-Hungary mobilized against the Serbs.
Russia had always claimed to be the "mother of the slavs" so when Austria-Hungary did this, the Russians began their mobilization on behalf of Serbia - again, almost a declaration of war. This triggered a German mobilization on behalf of Austria-Hungary and the invasion of France and Belgium. The United Kingdom entered the war as a guarantor of Belgian neutrality (along with Germany - the German foreign minister scornfully referred to this treaty Germany had signed as "a scrap of paper").
The French were in a bad way very quickly and begged the Russians to do something to relieve the pressure, even if they werent completely ready, to save France from defeat. The Russians obliged, and sent two columns westward. Unfortunately, the commanders of these two forces detested one another and would hardly speak, let alone cooperate. They were still somewhat successful, and did save France. Germany got nervous and departed from their long-held plans and ordered three army corps from France to Russia. They did not get to Russia in time to do much good but their absence from France almost assuredly helped France survive the initial onslaught.
Russia had millions of soldiers, and they fought bravely and well. They had generally very poor officers. The rest of their participation in the war was a dreary succession of defeat and stalemate, and eventually the troops mutinied and went home. The Czar abdicated, but the new government under Kerensky tried to continue the war, still disastrously. The Reds knew the people wanted peace at any price and so took over and made the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, giving up huge areas in western Russia. The Germans were forced to give all this back in the Treaty of Versailles.
- 1 decade ago
The Soviet Union only began in 1917, long after the war began. And shortly after the Communists took power in Russia and proclaimed the Soviet Union, they signed an Armistace with Germany, anyway.
- wichitaor1Lv 71 decade ago
The Soviet Union was not established until after the end of the First World War. The Bolshevik government did not proclaim Russia as the Soviet Union until after the Russian Civil War, which occurred after the treaty of Brest-Livtosk ended the war between Russia and Germany.
Russia was not really the aggressor in the war. When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia mobilized its army to support its Serbian ally. As the Russian mobilization was inefficient, all army units (including those near the border with Germany) were mobilized. Germany declared war on Russia for that.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
well firstly mister it was still Russia during world war 1, it became soviet union in 1917 and already signed a peace treaty with Germany and in 1921, it officially became the USSR.
They fought against germans to defend serbia but badly suffered and lost mostly but than withdrew.
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- Anonymous4 years ago
I would help you with World War 2 questions, but none of your questions are about events happening between 1939-1945.