Some famous Germans and Austrians, and no Nazis, please!?

Two I give: German composer Johann Sebastian Bach and Austrian psychologist and intellectual Sigmund Freud. Feedback, please.
Update: Freud was psychiatrist and doctor. Accept my correction.
Update 2: I always knew Karl Marx was German. But spend most of his life in Britain.
Update 3: Two other Germans: Ludwig van Beethoven and Johaness Brahms. An Austrian: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
12 answers 12