pls give a detailed example of card catalogs..?
if you have a detailed position of the contents of card catalog, pls inform me quickly
card catalog that i was looking for is the library card catalog. i have idea on these things but i can't find a detailed LIIBRARY CARD CATALOG. if some one there have a site that can give detailed infos of card catalog, plaese answer these asap.
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
A library catalog (or library catalogue) is a register of all bibliographic items found in a particular library or group of libraries, such as those belonging to a university system spread out over several geographic locations. A bibliographic item can be any information entity (e.g., books, computer files, graphics, realia, cartographic materials, etc.), that is considered library material (e.g., a single novel in an anthology), or a group of library materials (e.g., a trilogy), or linked from the catalog (e.g., a webpage) as far as it is relevant to the catalog and to the users (patrons) of the library.
The card catalog was a familiar sight to library users for generations, but it has been effectively replaced by the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC). Some still refer to the online catalog as a "card catalog", but this is incorrect. Some libraries with OPAC access still have card catalogs on site, but these are now strictly a secondary resource and are seldom updated. Many of the libraries that have retained their physical card catalog post a sign advising the last year that the card catalog was updated. Some libraries have eliminated their card catalog in favour of the OPAC for the purpose of saving space for other use, such as additional shelving.
Charles Ammi Cutter made the first explicit statement regarding the objectives of a bibliographic system in his Rules for a Printed Dictionary Catalog in 1876. According to Cutter, those objectives were
1. to enable a person to find a book of which either (Identifying objective)
2. to show what the library has (Collocating objective)
by a given author
on a given subject
in a given kind of literature
3. to assist in the choice of a book (Evaluating objective)
as to its edition (bibliographically)
as to its character (literary or topical)
These objectives can still be recognized in more modern definitions formulated thorougout the 20th century. 1960/61 Cutter's objectives were revised by Lubetzky and Lubetzky and the Conference on Cataloging Principles (CCP) in Paris. The latest attempt to describe a library catalog's goals and functions was made in 1998 with Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) which defines four user tasks: find, identify, select, and obtain.
Online cataloging has greatly enhanced the usability of catalogs, thanks to the rise of MAchine Readable Cataloging = MARC standards in the 1960s. Rules governing the creation of catalog MARC records include not only formal cataloging rules like AACR2 but also special rules specific to MARC, available from the Library of Congress and also OCLC. MARC was originally used to automate the creation of physical catalog cards; Now the MARC computer files are accessed directly in the search process. OPACs have enhanced usability over traditional card formats because:
1. The online catalog does not need to be sorted statically; the user can choose author, title, keyword, or systematic order dynamically.
2. Most online catalogs offer a search facility for any word of the title; the goal of the grammatic word order (provide an entry on the word that most users would look for) is reached even better.
3. Many online catalogs allow links between several variants of an author name. So, authors can be found both under the original and the standardised name (if entered properly by the cataloguer).
- Been here beforeLv 71 decade ago
you have no idea what a card catalog is, have you?
They are not much used these days. They were the paper (card) versions of a database index.
Each item is written on a card, with some details, and the cards are filed alphabetically in boxes or drawers. They were much used in libraries. There would be a card for the book title and another for the author's name. The body of the card would give the location of the book on the shelves....and maybe cross-references to similar books.
If you collect business cards and keep them in a box (or a tele-dex) in alphabetical order, that would also constitute a card catalog.
Shops used to use them for tracking products in stock.
All this is now usually done on computers.