gladys asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請各位大大看看這段英文句子,是不是少了連接詞?

Whenever circumstances permit, we should take a holiday , completely free for a time from

the work we are used to.

請問一下completely少了什麼詞連接呢? the work & we are used to是不是也少了什麼連接詞呢?請英文高手回答…感謝感謝

Update:

不好意思補充一下,如果有少連接詞的話…為何可以省略呢?

3 Answers

Rating
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主您好:

    請看下面這句:

    Tom stands there alone, holding a bouquet of roses in his hands.

    它的主軸是:

    湯姆孤伶伶地站在那兒

    而作者又希望附帶描述"(湯姆)手裡捧著一束玫瑰花"這個同時存在的狀況, 於是把原本要說的話:

    Tom stands there alone, and at the same time he [is holding]/[holds] a bouquet of roses in his hands.

    省略掉連接詞[and]和主詞[he], 並且把後半句的動詞(不管是進行式或簡單式)降格成為"現在分詞". 這樣的結構, 一般稱為"分詞構句", 在寫作的時候用來求取句型的變化與精簡.

    上面這句的動詞[hold]屬於有形的"動作", 而有時候用到的是無形的"動態語意", 其中最典型的就是[Be]動詞:

    Tom stands there alone, and at the same time he is very anxious for Jane to show up.

    湯姆孤伶伶地站在那兒, (湯姆)渴望著珍妮的出現.

    同樣可以用分詞構句的型態表示:

    Tom stands there alone, being very anxious for Jane to show up.

    比較特別的是, 因為[be]動詞並沒有"實質"的動作內涵, 所以當它被降格為分詞時, 經常(但不是絕對)會被省略, 因此您會看到這樣的寫法:

    Tom stands there alone, very anxious for Jane to show up.

    這時候, 您知道句子的原始狀態是什麼樣子了.

    回頭來看您的句子:

    Whenever circumstances permit, we should take a holiday, completely free for a time from the work we are used to.

    原始狀態是:

    ..., we should take a holiday, being completely free for a time from the work we are used to.

    只要狀況允許, 我們都應該休個假, 把(我們)自己從平時的工作中完全解放出來.

    所以, 的確是少(省略)了連接詞.

    另外,

    I am used to the weather here.

    我已經習慣這裡的氣候.

    I am used to getting up early.

    我已經習慣早起.

    [be used to]後面要接名詞或動名詞, 來當介系詞[to]的受詞.

    [the work we are used to]用的是關係子句:

    [the work] [(which)/(that) we are used to]

    關係代名詞[which/that]在子句中是[to]的受詞. 當受詞的關係代名詞多半被省略, 因為省略後並不太影響句子的閱讀.

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  • River
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Whenever circumstances permit, we should take a holiday, completely free for a time from the work we are used to.

    【問題】1. completely少了什麼詞連接呢? 2. the work & we are used to是不是也少了什麼連接詞呢?

    【回答】

    1. completely free… from為副詞片語,修飾 take,並沒有省略連接詞。

    2. the work (which or that) we are used to. 省略關係代名詞 which 或 that,因為當are used to的受詞,所以可以省略 。

    Source(s): River + teacher
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  • 1 decade ago

    我認為第一句少了which

    而第二句則是少了that

    Source(s): myself
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