commence asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法選擇

英文文法選擇,能解說越詳細越好 ^__^

1. Mark has difficulties _____ girls.

A) in meeting B) meet C) to meet D) being met

2. Jennifer is incapable _____ someone.

A) to hit B) hit C) being hit D) of hitting

3. My purpose _____ here is to help you.

A) to come B) in coming C) came D) come

4. He bought new shoes for the purpose ________.

A) to run B) by running C) run D) of running

5.There is always the possibility _______, so bring an umbrella.

A) to rain B) by rain C) in rain D) of rain

6. The babysitter finally succeeded _______ the boy to bed .

A) in putting B) to put C) put D) to be put

Update:

第3題為什麼不能用purpose in coming ?

3 Answers

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  • Kuang
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. Mark has difficulties ___ girls.

    (A) in meeting (B) meet (C) to meet (D) being met

    答案:(A)

    答題解析

    a. 表示「在…有困難」的句型:have difficulty + 用法1 (in) + V-ing 或 用法2 with + N =have trouble/problems/a problems/a hard time + 用法1 (in) + V-ing 或 用法2 with + N

    ※註:通常改句型以difficulty較difficulties常見,即:have difficulty (in) + V-ing

    b. 相關概念的用法-表示「做…愉快」的句型:have fun/pleasure/a good time/a great time + 用法1 (in) + V-ing 或 用法2 with + N

    2. Jennifer is incapable ___ someone.

    (A) to hit (B) hit (C) being hit (D) of hitting

    答案:(D)

    答題解析

    a. incapable(adj.)不可勝任的,其用法為:be incapable of + N/V-ing

    詞類變化 → incapability,其用法為:have incapability to + VR

    b. 反義字:capable(adj.)能勝任的,其用法為:be capable of + N/V-ing

    詞類變化 → capability,其用法為:have capability to + VR

    就等於:have ability to + VR

    只要逢“-ability”(表達:有…能力)的字眼一律搭配to+ VR

    但相反地,逢“-able”(表達:有…能力)的字眼則用of+ N

    ※唯一的例外是be able to + VR以及其反義字be unable to + VR。

    3. My purpose ___ here is to help you.

    (A) to come (B) in coming (C) came (D) come

    答案:(A)

    答題解析

    a. purpose的用法為:purpose of + N/V-ing或purpose to + VR(兩者相通)

    b. 以不定詞片語(to come here)修飾前方名詞[即my purpose]

    → 如:供吃的食物:The food to eat.

    4. He bought new shoes for the purpose ___.

    (A) to run (B) by running (C) run (D) of running

    答案:(D)

    答題解析

    a. 首先,purpose的用法為:purpose of + N/V-ing或purpose to + VR,應此(B)、(C)皆錯

    b. purpose用法的細分:

    the purpose of +N:某事物的目的

    the purpose of + V-ing:做某事的這個目的

    for the purpose of + N/V-ing:因為…目的 = for the sake of + N/V-ing

    5.There is always the possibility ___, so bring an umbrella.

    (A) to rain (B) by rain (C) in rain (D) of rain

    答案:(D)

    答題解析

    a. 表示物品的所有格:… + of + 物品

    b. 表示「…的可能性」:the possibility of + N/V-ing

    6. The babysitter finally succeeded ___ the boy to bed.

    (A) in putting (B) to put (C) put (D) to be put

    答案:(A)

    答題解析

    a. succeed(Vi.)做不完全不及物動詞時,解釋為: 成功於…,常與介系詞in連用

    即:S + succeed + in + N/V-ing + …

    a. succeed(Vi.)做完全不及物動詞時,解釋為: …成功

    即:S + succeed.

    如:Our project has succeeded.(我們的計畫已成功)

    c. succeed(Vt.)做完全及物動詞時,解釋為: 繼承…

    同義字:inherit(Vt.)

    即:S + succeed + N + …

    如:She succeeded a fortune from her father.(她從父親那繼承了一大筆財富)

    2008-06-14 01:56:25 補充:

    補充

    a. babysit(Vi.)做不完全不及物動詞時,解釋為:當臨時褓姆

    如:Mary regularly babysits for us.(瑪莉定期為我們顧小孩)

    詞類變化 → babysitter(N[C])為可數名詞,解釋為:臨時褓姆

    2008-06-14 03:21:30 補充:

    勘誤訂正:

    1. ※註:通常"改"句型以difficulty較difficulties常見,即:have difficulty (in) + V-ing

    "改"→"該"

    2. "b". succeed(Vi.)做完全不及物動詞時,解釋為: …成功

    "a"→"b"

    2008-06-14 03:32:49 補充:

    版主:

    你好~

    你似乎是高中英文的初學者吧?

    若不懂「及物動詞」與「不及物動詞」的區別

    可以參考:http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/question?qi...

    雖然這是別人回答的,但想必對你應該很有幫助吧!

    2008-06-14 15:58:36 補充:

    第三題:為何不能用purpose in coming?

    我想你大概認為「in + …」代表"在…方面"吧!

    但很可惜~

    問題就出在purpose這個字上

    purpose (vt.) (n.[c]) 有以下用法:

    purpose to + VR

    purpose + V-ing

    purpose of + N

    purpose + that + S +V

    2008-06-14 16:00:04 補充:

    真的要的話第三題(B)選項要改of coming才對

    Source(s): Myself
  • 1 decade ago

    只要逢“-ability”(表達:有…能力)的字眼一律搭配to+ VR

    但相反地,逢“-able”(表達:有…能力)的字眼則用of+ N

    ※唯一的例外是be able to + VR以及其反義字be unable to + VR。

    這規則很好用也。還有類似的規則嗎? 常被介詞給搞死說。

    有什麼書有這一類的規則、您又覺得不錯的,可以介紹一下嗎?

  • 1 decade ago

    1. Mark has difficulties _____ girls.

    A) in meeting B) meet C) to meet D) being met

    選A,理由慣用語=====>have difficulty in 在某方面有困難

    2. Jennifer is incapable _____ someone.

    A) to hit B) hit C) being hit D) of hitting

    選D,理由一樣是慣用語=====>be incapable of 在.......方面不能勝任

    3. My purpose _____ here is to help you.

    A) to come B) in coming C) came D) come

    選A,to表目的,C、D因為後面已有be動詞,而B之in非表目的

    4. He bought new shoes for the purpose ________.

    A) to run B) by running C) run D) of running

    C是動詞,但前已有bought,故不選

    B是被動式,但前是主動,故亦不選

    只剩A、D,依前題之解應為選A

    5.There is always the possibility _______, so bring an umbrella.

    A) to rain B) by rain C) in rain D) of rain

    可能選C,直覺,不為甚麼

    6. The babysitter finally succeeded _______ the boy to bed .

    A) in putting B) to put C) put D) to be put

    選A,慣用語=====>succeed (in) V-ing

    Source(s): 奇摩字典:經驗
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