who can tell me something good about ETHIOPIA ?

who can tell me something good about ETHIOPIA ?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country situated in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the south-east and Djibouti to the north-east.

    Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world[1] and Africa's second-most populous nation.[2] Ethiopia has yielded some of humanity's oldest traces,[3] making the area important in the history of human evolution. Recent studies claim that the vicinity of present-day Addis Ababa was the point from which human beings migrated around the world.[4][5][6] Ethiopian dynastic history traditionally began with the reign of Emperor Menelik I in 1000 BC.[7][8] The roots of the Ethiopian state are similarly deep, dating with unbroken continuity to at least the Aksumite Empire (which adopted the name "Ethiopia" in the 4th century) and its predecessor state, D`mt (with early 1st millennium BC roots).[9][10] After a period of decentralized power in the 18th and early 19th centuries known as the Zemene Mesafint ("Era of the Judges/Princes"), the country was reunited in 1855 by Kassa Hailu, who became Emperor Tewodros II, beginning Ethiopia's modern history.[11][12][13][14] Ethiopia's borders underwent significant territorial expansion to its modern borders for the rest of the century,[15][16][17] especially by Emperor Menelik II and Ras Gobena, culminating in its victory over the Italians at the Battle of Adwa in 1896 with the military leadership of Ras Makonnen, and ensuring its sovereignty and freedom from colonization.[18][19] It was brutally occupied by Mussolini's Italy from 1936 to 1941,[20] ending with its liberation by British Empire and Ethiopian Patriot forces.

    Having converted during the fourth century AD, it is also the second-oldest country to become officially Christian, after Armenia.[21] Since 1974, it has been secular and has also had a considerable Muslim community since the earliest days of Islam.[22] Historically a relatively isolated mountain country, Ethiopia by the mid 20th century became a crossroads of global international cooperation. It became a member of the League of Nations in 1923, signed the Declaration by United Nations in 1942, and was one of the fifty-one original members of the United Nations (UN). The headquarters of United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) is in Addis Ababa, as is the headquarters of the African Union (formerly the Organisation of African Unity), of which Ethiopia was the principal founder. There are about forty-five Ethiopian embassies and consulates around the world.

    Contents [hide]

    1 Name

    2 History

    2.1 Early history

    2.2 Ethiopian Empire

    2.2.1 Restored contact with Europe

    2.2.2 Zemene Mesafint

    2.2.3 European Scramble for Africa

    2.2.4 Selassie years

    2.3 Communism

    2.4 Recent

    3 Politics

    4 Regions, zones, and districts

    5 Geography

    5.1 Climate and landforms

    6 Endangered Species

    7 Deforestation

    8 Urbanization

    9 Economy

    9.1 Exports

    10 Demographics

    10.1 Religion

    11 Health

    12 Education

    12.1 Cuisine

    12.2 Music

    13 Sports

    14 Archaeology

    15 See also

    16 Peoples and Languages

    16.1 Nations, Nationalities and Peoples

    16.2 Languages

    17 References

    18 Bibliography

    19 External links

    [edit] Name

    It is not certain how old the name Ethiopia is; its earliest attested use is in the Iliad , where it appears twice, and in the Odyssey, where it appears three times. The earliest attested use in the region is as a Christianized name for the Kingdom of Aksum in the 4th century, in stone inscriptions of King Ezana.[23] The Ge'ez name ʾĪtyōṗṗyā and its English cognate are thought by some recent scholars to be derived from the Greek word Αἰθιοπία Aithiopia, from Αἰθίοψ Aithiops ‘an Ethiopian’, derived in turn from Greek words meaning "of burned face"[24]. However, the Book of Aksum, a Ge'ez chronicle compiled in the 15th century, states that the name is derived from "'Ityopp'is" — a son (unmentioned in the Bible) of Cush, son of Ham who according to legend founded the city of Axum. Pliny the Elder[25] similarly states the tradition that the nation took its name from someone named Aethiops. A third etymology, suggested by the late Ethiopian scholar and poet laureate Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin, traces the name to the "old black Egyptian [sic]" words Et (Truth or Peace) Op (high or upper) and Bia (land, country), or "land of higher peace".

    In English and generally outside of Ethiopia, the country was also once historically known as Abyssinia, derived from Habesh, an early Arabic form of the Ethiosemitic name "Ḥabaśāt" (unvocalized "ḤBŚT"), modern Habesha, the native name for the country's inhabitants (while the country was called "Ityopp'ya"). In a few languages, Ethiopia is still called by names cognate with "Abyssinia," e.g., and modern Arabic Al Habeshah, meaning land of the Habesha people. The term Habesha, strictly speaking, refers only to the Amhara and Tigray-Tigrinya people who have historically dominated the country politically, and which combined comprise about 36% of Ethiopia's population. However, in contemporary Ethiopian politics, the word Habesha is often used to describe all Ethiopians and Eritreans. Abyssinia can strictly refer to just the North-Western Ethiopian provinces of Amhara and Tigray as well as central Eritrea, while it was historically used as another name for Ethiopia.[26]

    [edit] History

    Main article: History of Ethiopia

    [edit] Early history

    Human settlement in Ethiopia dates back to ancient times. Fossilized remains of the earliest ancestors to the human species, discovered in Ethiopia, have been assigned dates as long ago as 5.9 million years.[27] Together with Eritrea and the southeastern part of the Red Sea coast of Sudan (Beja lands), it is considered the most likely location of the land known to the ancient Egyptians as Punt (or "Ta Netjeru," meaning land of the Gods), whose first mention dates to the twenty-fifth century BC.[28][29]

    The ruins of the temple at Yeha dates to the 7th or 8th century BC.Around the eighth century BC, a kingdom known as Dʿmt was established in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea, with its capital at Yeha in northern Ethiopia. Most modern historians consider this civilization to be a native African one, although Sabaean-influenced due to the latter's hegemony of the Red Sea,[30] while others view Dʿmt as the result of a mixture of "culturally superior" Sabaeans and indigenous peoples.[31] However, Ge'ez, the ancient Semitic language of Ethiopia, is now thought not to have derived from Sabaean (also South Semitic). There is evidence of a Semitic-speaking presence in Ethiopia and Eritrea at least as early as 2000 BC.[32][33] Sabaean influence is now thought to have been minor, limited to a few localities, and disappearing after a few decades or a century, perhaps representing a trading or military colony in some sort of symbiosis or military alliance with the Ethiopian civilization of Dʿmt or some other proto-Aksumite state.[34]

    After the fall of Dʿmt in the fourth century BC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller successor kingdoms, until the rise of one of these kingdoms during the first century BC, the Aksumite Kingdom, ancestor of medieval and modern Ethiopia, which was able to reunite the area.[35] They established bases on the northern highlands of the Ethiopian Plateau and from there expanded southward. The Persian religious figure Mani listed Aksum with Rome, Persia, and China as one of the four great powers of his time.[36]

    In 316 AD, a Christian philosopher from Tyre, Meropius, embarked on a voyage of exploration along the coast of Africa. He was accompanied by, among others, two Syro-Greeks, Frumentius and his brother Aedesius. The vessel was stranded on the coast, and the natives killed all the travelers except the two brothers, who were taken to the court and given positions of trust by the monarch. They both practiced the Christian faith in private, and soon converted the queen and several other members of the royal court. Upon the king's death, Frumentius was appointed regent of the realm by the queen, and instructor of her young son, Prince Ezana. A few years later, upon Ezana's coming of age, Aedesius and Frumentius left the kingdom, the former returning to Tyre where he was ordained, and the latter journeying to Alexandria. Here, he consulted Athanasius, who ordained him and appointed him Bishop of Aksum. He returned to the court and baptized the King Ezana, together with many of his subjects, and in short order Christianity was proclaimed the official state religion again.[37] For this accomplishment, he received the title "Abba Selama" ("Father of peace").

    Bete Giyorgis from above, one of the rock-hewn churches of Lalibela.At various times, including a fifty-year period in the sixth century, Aksum controlled most of modern-day Yemen and some of southern Saudi Arabia just across the Red Sea, as well as controlling southern Egypt, northern Sudan, northern Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and northern Somalia.[38]

    The line of rulers descended from the Aksumite kings was broken several times: first by the Jewish (unknown/or pagan) Queen Gudit around 950[39] (or possibly around 850, as in Ethiopian histories).[40] It was then interrupted by the Zagwe dynasty; it was during this dynasty that the famous rock-hewn churches of Lalibela were carved under King Lalibela, allowed by a long period of peace and stability.[41]

    [edit] Ethiopian Empire

    Main article: Ethiopian Empire

    Around 1270, the Solomonic dynasty came to control Ethiopia, claiming descent from the kings of Aksum. They called themselves Neguse Negest ("King of Kings,&q

  • 5 years ago

    Ethiopia was never colonized by European countries, it has a proud athletic culture with many broken records, and it has the source of the nile river

  • 1 decade ago

    Jah Rastafari

    and I have heard there is a chruch that houses the Ark of the Covenant

  • paul s
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    Home of a very early Christian sect, and possible hiding place of the Ark of the Covenant

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  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    what's the history of ethiopia? wow... um there is too lots to place in writing, you will could desire to study it your self in an encyclopedia. What rave are ethiopians? i assume we are seen black interior the experience of race. i could say im ethiopian in spite of the undeniable fact that, i dont evaluate myself black. not all ethiopians are mild skinned. we've different dermis tones. in case you have the information superhighway you're able to looking photographs of ethiopians your self. google "ethiopian adult men" ethiopian women folk" ethiopian people" its not that confusing :)

  • 4 years ago

    an american allay

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    they grow coffee...

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