How do chimpanzees eat in the wild? Are they vegan or do they eat animals?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
I assume that by this question in this section you are suggesting that human physiology is very similar to that of chimpanzees so as such, we should follow a diet similar to a chimpanzee?
If this is not the case, then this question properly belongs in Y!A's zoology section . If this is the case then there are many fatal flaws in your argument.
If you do not have a long attention span, move on, because this is going to be a long answer as I have seen variations of this question many times and I want to use Jane Goodall's critique of Katharine Milton's work to firmly put this myth to bed.
Trying to make comparisons between humans and chimpanzees. This stems from erroneous over identification of the similarities in physiology and chromosomes between humans and chimpanzees, which totally ignores the most basic scientific evidence, biology, biological processes and the way man has changed his diet through cultural practice. Then it leads to erroneously trying to connect a 'natural human diet' with that of a chimpanzee and making incorrect assessments as to what a chimpanzee naturally eats.
Chimpanzee diets are well researched (see Goodall and Conklin references below). The proportion of flesh/insects in their diet is very small. Studies by Goodall and Conklin show by time that about (4 - 5.4%) is flesh/insects. This figure (Goodall 4% insects, meat 1.4% ) is largely made up by insects which is largely a social activity, not for nutritional gain as the energy expended to catch these termites by fishing far outstrips the energy gained. Termite fishing (the main source of insects that made up the 4% of the diet) is a highly seasonal, opportunistic activity (carried out in the month of November), it is NOT part of their daily diet. It is a cultural activity, not a nutritional need for calories. SOME groups of chimpanzees termite fish, others do not, if it was a nutritional need it would be seen across all chimpanzee cultural groups AND it would be eaten on a daily/weekly basis. So as that can now be dismissed as being nutritionally insignificant we return to the Meat.
Please note MEAT makes up only 1.4% of their diet which in any statistical study or analysis would be considered as quantitatively unimportant. In longitudinal studies it has been found that 90% of all kills were by males and as the females rarely hunt they receive a share in return by begging only after she allows him to mate with her. The importance of meat is that it is used as a political tool, which can also be seen by the way it is distributed within the group. On rare occasions chimps do eat and kill a baby chimp. So if you follow this argument to its conclusion, humans should kill and eat their babies, meat should only make up 1.4% of the human diet but females should only receive meat by begging for it and allowing the giver to mate with her!
But for the sake of this Answer and to make it easier to point out fatal flaw No 2 lets PRETEND that the 1.4% of Meat in the diet is significant and totally ignore reality that this 1.4% is nutritionally insignificant and their diet is made up from 69% fruit, 25% leaves and 6% seeds. To do this we have to totally ignore the most elemental human and chimpanzee biology and biological processes. We also have to ignore the way that chimps 'eat' meat; they put the meat between leaves and chew extracting the juices, these sandwiches are then, most commonly, discarded and not actually swallowed at all. Proteins and fats are much easier to obtain from nuts and seeds. When chimps do swallow these sandwiches there is a high presence of undigested (so unassimilated) meat in their feces.
We then have to ignore that we, humans, are NOT chimps. We also do not have: The biology to eat meat or the complex digestive chemistry, absorptive, transportive, and assimilative biochemistry, the tooth structure, claws, the ability to outrun other animals, or the instinct. When was the last time you actually ran outside and with your hands and teeth actually caught an animal, tore it to pieces with your hands and teeth and then ate it RAW? There is overwhelming epidemiological evidence that meat and dairy consumption are key causal factors in many of man's degenerative diseases.
To suggest that humans are like chimpanzees and should therefore eat a diet high in meat is just totally erroneous it ignores overwhelming evidence to the contrary and almost all accepted scientific data to date.Source(s): A critique of: A hypothesis to Explain the Role of Meat Eating in Human Evolution by Katharine Milton by Jane Goodall. Scientifically credible information on Vegan and Vegetarian diets http://www.ecologos.org/index.html http://www.brookfieldzoo.org/pagegen/inc/ACConklin... Goodall, Jane, The Chimpanzees of Gombe, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1986), p. 233 Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, Worth Pub., (1982), p. 158. Graph showing primate diets http://www.ecologos.org/primatediets.htm http://www.ecologos.org/meat-eating.htm
- KarenLv 44 years ago
For the best answers, search on this site https://smarturl.im/aDF1r
Im not a hardcore vegan animal rights activist, but im a vegetarian with an strong interest in animal rights. I personally would feel a lot more comfortable with those who eat meat if the meat was caught in the wild and was killed quickly and humanely. However I would still continue not to eat meat =] Yes it is natural for some animals to feed upon other animals, but think, some animals are herbivores and technically the human body isnt desinged to eat flesh. ie. no large canine teeth, flattened teeth, small mouth, etc.
- PiperLv 44 years ago
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- 1 decade ago
Permaculture Bella has nailed this one. Check out and compare chimpanzee and human dentistry, digestive systems and diseases. Locamotion is another key issue that Bella touched on when hunting prey.
Lions eat meat, it makes about as much sense to compare human nutrition with chimps or lions as it does with comparing humans nutrition with plants. E.g. Arabidopsis thaliana genes (a weed) are extremely similar or identical to human genes linked to certain illnesses.
So what is the next argument, we are like plants so why should we eat plants?
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Chimps eat a plant-centered diet with occasional meat intake.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Chimps are known to eat their enemies ,such as other chimps from competitive groups ,after a battle for territory
They will also eat rodents, birds or lizards when pressed
when they are in a normal rich ecosystems where there is plenty of space and food,their main diet is fruits ,nuts ,some leaves ,
and many insects,such as locust ,grasshoppers ,beetles
Also grubs and worms
They can be seen sticking sticks into ant hills and then lick of the ants ,
So they are total omnivores like us only more so.
How did humane ever become a positive word
i would have thought it should mean the opposite
humane does not sound very good ,torture ,slow deaths in traps,starvation ,skinning alive is what humans do
Chimps simply bite and bash each other to death
When eco systems are damaged like in the last part of the answer on---------How are trees etc
In Carioni Valley in Venezuela etc.
anything can happen like Cannibalism for survival not just for war ,the monkeys here were howler monkeys
- 1 decade ago
They eat tourists