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Chiyung asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 1 decade ago

”政教合一” 的英文?

有些伊斯蘭國家似乎實行的是"政教合一" 的政府體制, 這和我們所熟悉的華人社會或自由民主的社會有很大的不同. 但我不知道"政教合一"的英文該怎麼說, 才是最正確的? 字典上查不到, 似乎缺乏專有名詞.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    ”政教合一” 的英文?

    Caesaropapism

    caesaropapism

    圖片參考:http://cache.lexico.com/dictionary/graphics/luna/t...

    圖片參考:http://cache.lexico.com/dictionary/graphics/luna/t...

    m] Pronunciation Key - Show IPA Pronunciation

    –noun

    1.

    the possession of supreme authority over church and state by one person, often by a secular ruler.

    2.

    the supremacy of the state over the church in ecclesiastical matters.

    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Caesaropapi...

    Caesaropapism is the idea of combining the power of secular government with, or making it superior to, the spiritual authority of the Christian Church; especially concerning the connection of the Christian Church with government. In its extreme form, it is a political theory in which the head of state, notably the Emperor ('Caesar', by extension an 'equal' King), is also the supreme head of the church ('papa', pope or analogous religious leader). In this form, it inverts theocracy in which institutions of the Church are in control of the state.

    政教合一是指政治領袖同時兼為宗教領袖,或者宗教領袖同時兼為政治領袖的政體。在歷史上,一些伊斯蘭教國家(如阿拉伯帝國、土耳其帝國)、東正教國家(如拜占庭帝國)和基督教國家(如亨利八世時代的英國),都是典型的政教合一政體。歷史上的西藏也是一個政教合一的地區。

    *以上中譯部分和英文部分有些出入,但意思相同。

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesaropapism#Caesaro...

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  • 1 decade ago

    一个政教分离的国家政体叫做“a secular state". 反过来,政教合一的国家可以叫做 "a clerical state" or "an ecclesiastical state",或干脆就叫 "a religious state" 吧

    2008-06-10 10:07:36 補充:

    http://www.benadorassociates.com/article/14966

    http://www.counterpunch.org/leupp10162006.html

    a religious state 用的比較多。新聞和社論都是如此用。

    2008-06-10 14:47:48 補充:

    選樓下那位吧,我甘敗下風。

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