Mon asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

關於時態的 has healed/ were to plan

1.Joe cut his finger on a piece of broken glass,He applied ointment to his wound. Now the cut ____,but it leaves an ugly scar.

答案: has healed

(我選 heals)==>割傷好了,不是一種事實嗎?

2.we finished the trip and it was under budget.we ____to spend three thousand dollars,but we ended up spending only half of that.

答案:had planned

(我當初選擇 were to plan,表過去的將來)

可以幫忙解釋,如果用were yo plan的語義會如何解釋嗎?

3.I have gained too much weight recently. My trousers_____.

答案是:won't fasten

(我當初選擇是aren't going to fasten,想法是因為外在的證據,覺得會發生。而不是probably)

請幫忙解釋。

謝謝幫忙

2 Answers

Rating
  • BABOO
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    關於時態的 has healed/ were to plan

    1.Joe cut his finger on a piece of broken glass,He applied ointment to his wound. Now the cut ____,but it leaves an ugly scar.

    答案: has healed

    (我選 heals)==>割傷好了,不是一種事實嗎?

    答:

    這一題的層次又更高了,和妳寫信來問的又多了另一方面的考慮。

    如果只是一個單句The cut heals easily. 這樣就是表達一個事實,可用現在簡單式。

    但本句後面接了it leaves an ugly scar。表示heal這動作,已發生了,而前面又有now。剛好符合,現在完成式的時機, 現在談到過去所發生的動作。所以這裡用現在完成式 has healed.

    如果把now這副詞移到句尾,是可以用The cut healed, but it leaves an ugly scar NOW. 這時,the cut healed 只表示過去的事實。

    2.we finished the trip and it was under budget.we ____to spend three thousand dollars,but we ended up spending only half of that.

    答案:had planned

    (我當初選擇 were to plan,表過去的將來)

    答:

    如果用were to plan 會形成「假設語氣」的結構了。中譯為變成「我們本來計劃花費3千元」。語氣上表示「但事實上,我們後來改變計劃了,也許只計劃花2千元。」換句話說,就是本來計劃花3千元,但後來計劃改別的數字了。

    如果用had planned 意思上就不一樣,就是「我們當初計劃花費3千元。沒有改變任何計劃了。

    可以幫忙解釋,如果用were yo plan的語義會如何解釋嗎?

    3.I have gained too much weight recently. My trousers_____.

    答案是:won't fasten

    (我當初選擇是aren't going to fasten,想法是因為外在的證據,覺得會發生。而不是probably)

    答:

    本句的答案也可用現在式。cannot fasten。表示已穿了的結果。

    這裡用will not fasten,是表示將發生的事實。

    用be going to 用於「已計劃好將做事」,往往是「人」當主詞才是。這裡用my trousers當主詞,不會用be going to的.

    請幫忙解釋。

    謝謝幫忙

    Source(s): 本人 張老師
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 1 decade ago

    我覺得:

    1)傷口是要時間來痊癒的所以是用分詞.

    2) 你選的邏輯不通. 事情已經發生了. were to plan是還沒有發生吧(指trip這件事).

    3) won't fasten 是很肯定的. aren't going to happen 有一點猶豫不決的味道. 所以既然知道變胖了, 就一定不能fasten囉.

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.